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    How NOT to use blogs

    By keithmroberts

    This area is not for queries but for ongoing blogs. if you want to ask for help, please go to the appropriate sub-forum in the main part of the GWF. You have been asked to make your first post in a specified location. Once you have done that, your query can be raised in the various sections of the forum. If you previously posted a request for help or information in this area, it is likely to be deleted at some point in the next few weeks or months. So if you have a reply, please make a note o
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Our community blogs

  1. USING BLOGS - README FIRST

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    Recent Entries

    This area is not for queries but for ongoing blogs. if you want to ask for help, please go to the appropriate sub-forum in the main part of the GWF.

    You have been asked to make your first post in a specified location. Once you have done that, your query can be raised in the various sections of the forum.

    If you previously posted a request for help or information in this area, it is likely to be deleted at some point in the next few weeks or months. So if you have a reply, please make a note of it, If not, can you re-post it in the appropriate part of the forum, which is likely to get you a quick response.

    Keith Roberts

    for the GWF team

  2. 22 August 1914 dawned foggy and grey. Nevertheless, "Lieutenant J" and his observer boarded their airplane for a reconnaissance flight that took them from Sedan in France over the Belgian border. North of Bertrix, heavy rain forced them to descend to an altitude of 1000 m -- within range of French artillery. A barrage of gunfire ensued. Lieutenant J was hit first in the chest and then in the head; as the plane careened downwards, the observer "turned around and saw him lying there dead with a bullet through his forehead."

    The observer took control of the plane, angling to land it in a wood beyond the reach of the enemy. Alas! A gust of wind forced him down among the French troops. They approached him guns blazing. With blood streaming down his face, he took out his pistol and shot three of them. Then he found himself with a bayonet at his breast and, an instant away from a glorious Heldentod, his life was spared by an officer shouting, "Let him live! He is a brave soldier!"

    The observer was immediately taken prisoner and interrogated by the "commanding general of the XVII French corps." The general, however, was "of course unsuccessful" in his attempts to extract information. Later in the day, the observer managed to escape when German shells hit the house where he was being held. The French took to their horses; he crept under a bush and remained there until their retreat was complete. Then he dragged himself, head wound and all, to Bertrix. The town was now in German hands and on the following day he returned to Sedan by automobile.

    ***

    The source of that story is the "brave soldier" himself -- the anonymous observer. This letter detailing the crash and the "miracle" of his survival was originally addressed to his father. It was shortly thereafter deemed sufficiently interesting to be printed in newspapers across Germany [1]. In the letter, he evinces amazement at the fact that he did not die while at the same time overflows with bombast and self-assurance verging on arrogance. Reading it today, one cannot help but wonder whether (or how much) he might have embellished the truth or omitted inconvenient events in order to present himself as the superhero of the story.

    1759332665_ScreenShot2021-09-11at18_06_20.png.1992d9b1133ddfb6f66b51f1464f30d9.png

    An excerpt from Iwan von Stietencron's letter to his father as it appeared in the newspaper Erzähler von Westerwald, 5 September 1914

    It was in fact possible to confirm at least some of the events.

    Several German units engaged in battle in Bertrix that day. Soldiers saw the downed plane and an officer from IR 81 furthermore corroborated some of the details of the observer's escape.

    • "In einem Einschnitt erkennen wir ein zertrümmertes Flugzeug, leider ein deutsches. Klar leuchten uns die Eisernen Kreuze entgegen." ("In a depression in the landscape we see a smashed plane — unfortunately a German one. The Iron Crosses shine brightly in our direction.") [2]
    • “...sehen wir im Felde einen deutschen Flugapparat liegen, der uns wie ein Aar anmutete, dem die Schwingen gebrochen waren. Der Apparat war morgens bei einem Erkundungsflug von plötzlich aus dem Walde hervorbrechender französischer Infanterie heruntergeschossen worden.” (“…we see a German flying machine lying in the field, which looked to us like a eagle with its wings broken. The machine had been shot down during a reconnaissance flight in the morning by French infantry as they broke out of the woods.”) [3]
    • "Das Haus wurde abgebrannt, nachdem die Verwundeten hinausgetragen waren. Vorher gelang es zum Glück noch einem deutschen Gefangenen, zu entweichen. Er war 'Beobachter' eines dicht bei dem Hause herabgeschossenen deutschen Flugzeuges gewesen, welches noch da lag. Der Flugzeugführer war tot.” (“The house was burned down after the wounded were carried out. Fortunately, a German prisoner managed to escape beforehand. He had been an ‘observer’ on a German plane that had been shot down close to the house. The plane still lay there. The pilot was dead.”) [4]

    The downed airplane was also reported in French newspapers.

    • “Ce matin-là des fantassins du 20e de ligne abattaient un taube qui survolait nos positions en face du bois de Luchy où le 11e lutta désespérément de onze heures à la nuit tombante.” (“That morning, the infantry of the 20th line shot down a plane that was flying over our positions in front of the Forest of Luchy, where the 11th fought desperately from eleven o’clock [in the morning] until nightfall.”) [5]

    So it seems that the broad strokes of the story are true.

    ***

    Wait! There's more! (At least a little bit.) In 1928, the French military published a dissection of their disastrous showing at Bertrix [6]. It includes an account of the downing of the plane and the capture and escape of the observer.

    1718474369_ScreenShot2021-09-11at18_53_52.png.b15686667dec3fff6ba3e15f78f3ac45.png

    Excerpt from Les Rescapés de Bertrix recounting the capture and interrogation of Lt. von Stietenkron

    Yes, ladies and gentlemen, we now know the name and rank of the heretofore anonymous observer: Lieutenant von Stietencron. We also learn that he spoke "excellent French" and was, in his own words, the "son of a French mother."

    In his letter to his father, von Stietencron bragged that he had let nothing slip during interrogation. This may be true, but he was nevertheless quite voluble. As the French told it, he was so full of patriotic pride that he couldn't keep from boasting about the "formidable" German artillery; whether they believed him or not seems unclear. He had, after all, sustained a head injury. The French source also substantiates the circumstances of his escape, though naturally their account is rather less effusive.

    • Notre artillerie est formidable, reprend le Houzard, nous avons des canons de gros calibre, même du 50 centimètres ! - Les assistants sourient à cette boutade, et l'on emmène l'aviateur pour le faire panser. Il devait d'ailleurs s'échapper au milieu du désarroi de la retraite. (“‘Our artillery is formidable,’ continues the Hussar. ‘We have large calibre guns — 50 centimetres, even!’ The assistants smile at this pleasantry, and the aviator is taken away to be patched up. He must have escaped in the midst of the disarray of the retreat.”) [6]

    With a surname, it was now possible to look up the observer in the Verlustlisten [7]. A search for "Stietencron" produced a number of potential matches, including a member of the Feldfliegertruppe. That man's first name was Iwan and the details of his entry matched the story. The Verlustlisten also revealed the name of the pilot: Lieutenant Erich Janson, which dovetails with the semi-anonymized "Lieutenant J" of the newspaper's version of the letter.

    1445854334_ScreenShot2021-09-11at18_03_52.png.f0c14d1bcbca716ee4a7d3d2d746ffd6.png

    Entries in the Verlustlisten for Iwan von Stietencron and Erich Janson. The latter is listed as killed in action at Sedan and buried at Bertrix. After the war his grave was moved to Musson-Baranzy [8].

    Ironically, there is very little other information to be found online about Iwan von Stietencron. He came from what seems to be a cadet branch of a noble family in Schötmar. "Iwan" was a family name and he had many ancestors, as well as a cousin who died in Liège on 10 August 1914, with whom he shared it. An 1882 marriage certificate for his parents Hartwig von Stietencron and Rosa Marianne Dapples lists her father's occupation as "Rentner zu Nizza" (pensioner in Nice), giving credence to the claim that his mother was French.

    Iwan married late in life and died in 1952, apparently with no children.

     

    Sources:

    [1] "Erkundigungsflug bei Sedan." Iwan's letter to his father reprinted in Erzähler vom Westerwald, 5 September 1914.

    [2] "Mit dem nassauischen Regimenten nach Frankreich. IV." Wiesbadener Tagblatt, 24 September 1914.

    [3] "Die erste Schlacht unserer 63er." Mitteldeutsche Rundschau, 7 November 1914

    [4] "Der Krieg im Westen." Fuldaer Zeitung, 7 September 1914.

    [5] "Les Rescapés de Bertrix." La Dépêche, 21 March 1915.

    [6] Ecole supérieure de guerre. Cours d'histoire militaire. La bataille des Ardennes: sa genèse, étude détaillée de la journée du 22 août 1914

    [7] Verlustlisten, Preußen 81, 1914-11-20

    [8] Volksbund entry for Erich Janson

  3. The war memorial for the town of Arbroath takes the form of a cenotaph, an empty tomb, and sits on the edge of a hill overlooking the North Sea. It has 491 great war names listed upon its panels, 1 being a woman.

    Like all cities, town, villages and parishes, the people of Arbroath spent time after the war in public meetings discussing the funding, design and location of the intended memorial to their war dead.

    A list of names, which had to meet (now unknown) crteria, was maintained in the council chambers while the memorial was being built.
    The memorial doesn't include all those associated with the town who died. If they were resident in an area of the town, which was strictly speaking in a different parish at the time, that of St Vigeans, they were then recorded upon that memorial. The two parishes were merged in the 1930's.

    On the 3rd of June, 1922, Lord Inchcape unveiled the memorial. The design was by architect George Washington Browne A.R.A. of Edinburgh and was built by Messrs Ramsay & Gordon of Arbroath.
    The final cost, raised by public conscription, was £3461 16s. £749 of this was for the bronze name panels alone.

    298823955_unvcrop2.jpg.1e60efeca382d4a5509474450b5c058d.jpg

    The estimated population of the burgh of Arbroath on June 30th, 1914 was 19,100.
    The 491 listed make up over 2.5% over the community, without discriminating out any groups by age, sex or condition.

    The most commonly represented military unit upon the memorial is the local line infantry regiment, the Royal Highlanders (Black Watch). The 163 men from the Black Watch are spread over 9 of its battalions. This group makes up a third of the total listed. The Royal Field Artillery with 48 is the next biggest contingent.

    Arbroathians who fought and died in the armies of Canada, Australia and South Africa are represented on the memorial.

    The very first war related death was a regular prewar soldier belonging to Carnoustie, who married an Arbroath woman. William Falconer, 29, was in the Royal Scots and died of wounds received in action, three weeks to the day after war was declared, on August 24th.

    The first native of the town to die was a cavalryman of the Royal Scots Grey's, who was on the reserve and living in Devonport when war broke out. Arthur Walton was married, but had no children when he was killed in action aged 29, on the 10th of September, 1914.

    The solitary woman listed is Staff Nurse Helena Stewart Bennet. Having just completed her nursing training at Edinburgh she had been posted to Oswestry prisoner of war camp, with the Queen Alexandra's Imperial Medical Nursing Service, she died from influenza on the 18th of October, 1918 aged 28.

    The youngest and oldest people on the memorial both belong to the Mercantile Marine service.
    16 year old Wireless Operator Thomas Dilly, sailed aboard the S.S. 'Cyrene'. He had worked in the grocery department of the co-op in town before going to sea. He drowned when his ship was torpedoed on the 5th of April, 1918.
    Chief Engineer Alexander Wishart was 58 when he died at sea, his ship, the S.S. 'Taplow', was lost on the 5th of June, 1917.

    The mean age on the memorial works out at 26, the most common age being 25.

    Many brothers are listed, 52 who are evenly split into 26 pairs, representing fully 10% of all the names on the memorial.

    It was relatively early in the war that the town suffered its darkest day of the whole four years. The Battle of Aubers Ridge on the 9th of May, 1915, saw an assault upon well defended German positions, without sufficient artillery support. The attack was a failure, casualties in the attacking waves were high, as they were for those in the support trenches, who were heavily shelled by enemy artillery.
    17 townsmen died as a result of that single days events. Aside from 1 Cameron Highlander, they all came from three battalions of the Black Watch, the 1st, 2nd and 5th.
    The next deadliest single day was later the same year, on the first day of the Battle of Loos, the 25th of September, 1915. 10 sons of the town were lost.

    The last man to die and be added was Lt Patrick Wright Anderson of the RFC, formerly 10th Black Watch, who died of his wounds on the 2nd of November, 1921 aged 29.

    27 are commissioned officers of the Navy, Army and Air Force, which is 5%.
    The highest ranked casualty is Major Sidney C. Wilson of the Royal Artillery, who died just two days before the armistice.

    The most common surname on the memorial is Smith, there being 15 listed. As the most common surname in Scotland then and now it's not surprising.

    In spite of the two worst single days for the town occurring in 1915, it was 1918 that proved to be the costliest year of the war, with 146 dead. 1917 being not much different.

    Casualties by year
    1914 - 23
    1915 - 79
    1916 - 94
    1917 - 140
    1918 - 146
    1919 - 8
    1921 - 1

    Awards by individual

    Military Cross & bar - 1
    Military Cross - 2
    Distinguished Conduct Medal & Mention in Dispatches - 1
    Distinguished Conduct Medal - 2
    Distinguished Service Medal - 1
    Military Medal - 9
    Meritorious Service Medal - 1
    Mention in Dispatches - 8

    2043887934_unvdccrop.jpg.b69da82a79c6fe103669045c59ba0f21.jpg

    War Dead of Arbroath

    Adam Alexander   Gunner Royal Garrison Artillery 168th Siege Battery 01/07/1917 33
    Adam David S Air Mech. 1st Class Royal Air Force 25th Squadron 18/03/1919 20
    Adam James   Private Canadian Infantry 73rd Battalion 01/03/1917 29
    Adamson James M Private Royal Scots Fusiliers 06th Battalion 28/08/1915 42
    Addison William   Lance Corporal M.G.C. (Infantry) 143rd Company 06/08/1917 28
    Alexander David   Private Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders 07th Battalion 09/04/1917 28
    Alexander Harry F Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 03/09/1916 18
    Anderson Alexander R Signaller Worcestershire Regiment 03rd Battalion 03/06/1918 25
    Anderson Alexander   Trooper Household Battalion 12/04/1917 20
    Anderson Archibald R Private The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment) 10th Battalion 28/07/1916 23
    Anderson Frederick   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 29/10/1917 21
    Anderson James S Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 07th Battalion 28/03/1918 23
    Anderson Patrick W Lieutenant Royal Flying Corps No.18 Squadron 02/11/1921 29
    Anderson Samuel S Lieutenant Royal Scots Fusiliers 05th Battalion 30/12/1915 33
    Anderson William T C Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 13th Battalion 22/08/1917 25
    Arthur William   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 09/05/1915 31
    Bain John   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 08th Battalion 19/07/1918 20
    Baird James C Private South African Infantry 3rd Regiment 15/07/1916 36
    Bannerman Robert L Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 14/09/1914 26
    Barrie James   Private Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) 10th Battalion 25/09/1915 34
    Baxter David H Private Seaforth Highlanders 08th Battalion 22/08/1917 39
    Beattie James B Able Seaman R.N.D. Hawke Battalion 22/06/1916 24
    Beattie James S Private Royal Scots Fusiliers 08th Battalion 15/11/1918 28
    Beattie Peter   Deck Hand R.N.R. HMS 'Satellite' 18/11/1918 21
    Beattie William P Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 09th Battalion 30/09/1917 19
    Beatts Alexander   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 09/05/1915 18
    Beatts William   Private Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders 07th Battalion 13/10/1918 21
    Bell George   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 06/12/1914 27
    Bennet Andrew W Private Canadian Infantry (Western Ontario Regiment) 18th Battalion 12/11/1917 30
    Bennet Helena S Staff Nurse Queen Alexandra's Imperial Medical Nursing Service 18/10/1918 28
    Bennett John N 2nd Lt. Royal Garrison Artillery 121st Siege Battery 19/05/1917 37
    Bennett William   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 31/07/1917 28
    Benson Harry   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 14th Battalion 02/09/1918 24
    Binnie Arthur K Private Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders 07th Battalion 26/04/1915 19
    Bisset Harry   Lance Corporal Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 14/10/1916 29
    Black Alexander   Corporal Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 09th Battalion 29/04/1916 32
    Boath John S Private Labour Corps 450th Home Service Employment Coy 04/02/1919 42
    Bouick David   Rifleman Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) 16th Battalion 18/04/1918 22
    Bowden James   Gunner Royal Garrison Artillery 289th Siege Battery 29/09/1917 19
    Bowie John   Serjeant Royal Field Artillery 156th Brigade D Battery 28/10/1917 22
    Bowman James A Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 03rd Battalion 29/04/1917 31
    Boyd George F Corporal Australian Field Artillery 12th Brigade 22/09/1917 31
    Boyle James   Lance Corporal Highland Light Infantry 14th Battalion 18/11/1917 24
    Bracelin (MiD) Daniel A 2nd Lieutenant Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 07th Battalion 20/07/1918 21
    Brand Joseph   Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 02nd Battalion 26/03/1918 33
    Bremner Francis   Able Seaman R.N.D. Howe Battalion 12/07/1915 26
    Bremner George R Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 22/04/1916 28
    Briggs George   Private Scots Guards 02nd Battalion 23/07/1917 22
    Brown David B Deck Hand R.N.R. HMS 'Pactolus' 08/11/1918 39
    Brown David   Private Canadian Infantry (New Brunswick Regiment) 44th Battalion 13/02/1917 38
    Brown James   Corporal Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders 02nd Battalion 04/10/1916 28
    Brown Melville   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 07th Battalion 25/04/1917 23
    Brown Norman M Serjeant London Regiment (London Scottish) 01st/14th Battalion 24/12/1915 27
    Bruce William A Private King's Own Scottish Borderers 02nd Battalion 27/08/1918 28
    Bruce William   Deck Hand R.N.R. H.M. Trawler 'John Curran' 25/10/1918 17
    Butchart Charles   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 03/05/1918 38
    Cameron Alexander   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 06th Battalion 10/07/1918 27
    Cameron James   Private Highland Light Infantry 15th Battalion 15/07/1917 20
    Cargill Adam   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 14/10/1916 22
    Cargill Alexander   Gunner Royal Field Artillery 051st Division Ammunition Column 25/07/1916 26
    Cargill David   Lance Corporal Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 14/11/1916 18
    Cargill James M Private Seaforth Highlanders 01st/04th Battalion 01/11/1918 30
    Cargill John   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 14/10/1916 20
    Cargill Robert   Private Royal Scots Fusiliers 02nd Battalion 30/07/1916 20
    Carnegie Charles   Gunner Royal Field Artillery 070th Brigade D Battery 29/04/1917 20
    Carnegie Thomas S Driver Army Service Corps 860th Company 13/06/1917 38
    Carrie David   Lance Corporal Seaforth Highlanders 02nd Battalion 01/07/1916 32
    Carrie Frederick W Private London Regiment (London Scottish) 01st/14th Battalion 28/03/1918 20
    Carrie Peter   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 08th Battalion 29/09/1915 44
    Carrie Stephen   Corporal Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 09th Battalion 08/09/1917 25
    Cathro Alexander   Sergeant Canadian Infantry (Alberta Regiment) 50th Battalion 10/04/1917 26
    Christie Alexander   Lance Corporal Lancashire Fusiliers 15th Battalion 10/08/1918 29
    Christie Andrew D Trooper Fife and Forfar Yeomanry 28/02/1918 21
    Christie James   Able Seaman R.N.D. Command Depot 03/03/1919 22
    Christie James   Private South African Scottish 4th Regiment 12/10/1916 30
    Christie John E Bombardier Royal Field Artillery 256th Brigade A Battery 10/10/1917 23
    Christie John   Lance Serjeant Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 08th Battalion 14/07/1916 31
    Christie Joseph R Corporal Gordon Highlanders 01st Battalion 18/08/1916 29
    Christison David   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 11/11/1914 28
    Christison McInroy (Roy)   Private Gordon Highlanders 04th Battalion 25/07/1918 18
    Clark William   Private Royal Scots Fusiliers 02nd Battalion 30/10/1914 24
    Clyne David D Gunner Royal Garrison Artillery 146th Heavy Battery 25/09/1917 27
    Cormie John M Private Seaforth Highlanders 08th Battalion 18/08/1916 25
    Cosgrove John   Driver Royal Field Artillery 051st Division Ammunition Column 17/12/1916 18
    Coutts William S Private Bedfordshire Regiment 6th Battalion 31/12/1917 20
    Cowan John J K Chief Officer Mercantile Marine HMT 'Kut Sang' 29/04/1918 33
    Craig Alexander   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 07th Battalion 05/01/1917 33
    Craig David F Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 02nd Battalion 11/06/1918 27
    Craig George   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 03/09/1916 19
    Craig Wilfrid A Private York and Lancaster Regiment 8th Battalion 25/05/1917 36
    Crammond (MM) Griffith I Serjeant Royal Field Artillery 095th Brigade A Battery 05/04/1918 26
    Crawford John   C.Q.M.S. Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 14/11/1916 25
    Crawford William S 2nd Lt. London Regiment (London Scottish) 14th Battalion 15/04/1917 29
    Croall David C S Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 03/05/1918 32
    Crofts William B Lance Corporal Canadian Infantry (British Columbia Regiment) 72nd Battalion 29/09/1918 29
    Crook George R Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 05th Battalion 12/07/1915 21
    Crowe John C Private Seaforth Highlanders 04th Battalion 07/10/1917 33
    Crowe (MiD) Albert E Serjeant Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 02nd Battalion 25/09/1915 22
    Cruickshanks William   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 15/10/1916 21
    Cumming Andrew B Gunner Royal Field Artillery 092nd Brigade B Battery 04/11/1916 21
    Cumming James L 2nd Lt. Royal Flying Corps 64th Training Squadron 24/03/1918 19
    Cumming James S Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 09th Battalion 24/05/1916 23
    Cuthill Thomas   Private Hampshire Regiment 15th (Hampshire Yeomanry) Battalion 04/09/1918 26
    Dalgarno Eric G Private Gordon Highlanders 04th Battalion 21/07/1918 19
    Davidson Thomas B Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 11th Battalion 14/07/1916 20
    Davidson Thomas B Private Scots Guards 01st Battalion 11/11/1914 21
    Davidson (DCM) (MiD) James   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 14/10/1916 23
    Dawson George R Able Seaman R.N.D. 189th Machine Gun Company 24/04/1917 26
    Deboys Norman   Driver Royal Field Artillery 107th Brigade B Battery 23/06/1917 25
    Deuchars David   Driver M.G.C. (Infantry) 'Transport' 20/07/1918 25
    Dewar Robert D Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 06th Battalion 31/07/1917 22
    Dick George D Fitter Royal Garrison Artillery 025th Siege Battery 25/08/1917 30
    Dickson William   Lance Bombardier Royal Field Artillery 170th Brigade A Battery 28/09/1918 26
    Dilly Thomas M Wireless Operator Mercantile Marine SS 'Cyrene' 05/04/1918 16
    Dinnie George   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 13/09/1916 21
    Donaldson Alexander   Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 11th Battalion 12/10/1917 33
    Donaldson James   Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 02nd Battalion 13/10/1915 33
    Donaldson William   Private Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) 01st Battalion 20/07/1916 17
    Douglas (MM) James   Serjeant Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders 05th Battalion 18/07/1918 26
    Doyle David A Private Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders 05th Battalion 23/03/1918 19
    Doyle Richard   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 16/10/1916 23
    Drury Edward G Driver Army Service Corps Attd R.A.M.C. 1st/2nd Lowland Field Amb. 04/09/1918 22
    Drury James B Private Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders 08th Battalion 19/02/1918 35
    Duffus Harry W Lance Serjeant Highland Light Infantry 09th (Glasgow Highlanders) Battalion 16/04/1918 36
    Duncan Hay   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 09/05/1915 21
    Duncan William   Private Gordon Highlanders 04th Battalion 23/04/1917 30
    Dundas John M Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 10/03/1915 19
    Dundas (DSM) Alexander H Leading Seaman Royal Navy HMS 'Alcantara' 22/09/1915 33
    Eccles Albert E Sergeant Australian M.G.C. 05th Company 05/10/1917 26
    Emslie John A Gunner Royal Field Artillery 256th Brigade A Battery 20/12/1916 20
    Esplin Stewart   Lance Corporal Canadian Infantry (Manitoba Regiment) 16th Battalion 23/04/1915 25
    Fairweather James   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 07th Battalion 25/04/1917 25
    Fairweather (MM) John B Serjeant Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 11th Battalion 14/04/1917 28
    Falconer Ronald W Wireless Operator Mercantile Marine SS 'Ladoga' 16/04/1918 19
    Falconer William   Lance Serjeant Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 02nd Battalion 28/08/1914 29
    Farquhar Hugh   Lance Corporal Gordon Highlanders 09th Battalion 22/08/1917 28
    Farquhar Samuel   Private Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders 01st Battalion 02/11/1914 34
    Farquharson John D Acting Bombardier Royal Field Artillery 256th Brigade A Battery 17/12/1916 23
    Fearn David F Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 08th Battalion 09/08/1915 19
    Fell David   Fitter Royal Field Artillery 042nd Brigade 29th Battery 04/10/1918 23
    Fettes John   Private Seaforth Highlanders 01st Battalion 21/04/1917 30
    Findlay Alfred   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 02/11/1917 21
    Findlay Robert G Lance Serjeant Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 31/07/1917 19
    Finlay Horace   Private Scots Guards 02nd Battalion 24/09/1916 22
    Fitzcharles George   Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 17th Battalion 27/03/1918 32
    Fleming William B Private Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders 05th Battalion 12/05/1917 19
    Fleming William W Able Seaman Royal Navy HMS 'Goliath' 13/05/1915 32
    Ford John A Bombardier Royal Field Artillery 015th Brigade D Battery 17/11/1918 25
    Ford (DCM) Edward   Serjeant Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 03/09/1916 29
    Forsyth John   Corporal Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 30/07/1918 22
    Foulis William M Sapper Royal Engineers Special Brigade 5th Battalion 30/10/1916 19
    Fox James   Serjeant Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 26/01/1915 22
    Fox William   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 07/12/1918 28
    Fraser William   Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 16th Battalion 28/04/1917 34
    Frew David T C Captain R.A.M.C. 29/09/1916 29
    Gerrard Allan   Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 12th Battalion 24/05/1916 22
    Gibb Alexander R Captain Royal Field Artillery 105th Battery 12/10/1916 42
    Gibson Joseph   Serjeant Royal Field Artillery 185th Brigade 6th Battery 04/09/1918 20
    Gibson Norman J Lieutenant Gordon Highlanders 04th Battalion 21/11/1917 24
    Gill Alexander   Sec. Engineer Mercantile Marine SS 'Marconi' 27/02/1918 28
    Gill Frank T Lance Corporal Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 28/05/1918 22
    Gill Robert   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 14/10/1916 28
    Glen James   Lance Corporal Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 31/10/1914 21
    Gordon Thomas   Gunner Royal Field Artillery 051st Division Ammunition Column 2nd Section 31/07/1917 40
    Gowans Charles   Lance Corporal Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 09/05/1915 32
    Graham James   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 02nd Battalion 05/11/1914 34
    Grahame David C Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 08th Battalion 24/10/1918 20
    Grant Henry   Private Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders 02nd Battalion 10/10/1918 27
    Gray David   Private Gordon Highlanders 01st Battalion 25/09/1915 24
    Gray Franklin   Boy 1st Class Royal Navy HMS 'Monmouth' 01/11/1914 17
    Gray George A H Lance Corporal Australian Infantry 06th Battalion 29/05/1915 32
    Gray James T Private London Regiment (City of London) 07th Battalion 28/09/1915 21
    Gray John B Lance Corporal Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 15/11/1917 25
    Gray John M Private Australian Infantry 46th Battalion 13/04/1918 32
    Gray John Y Private Seaforth Highlanders 04th Battalion 24/11/1917 32
    Guild Alfred   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 07th Battalion 15/04/1918 28
    Hagan John   Corporal Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 10/05/1915 34
    Hanton Joseph   Lance Corporal Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders 14th Battalion 30/12/1916 25
    Hardie James   Able Seaman R.N.D. Howe Battalion 30/12/1917 21
    Harper Charles H Sapper Royal Engineers 047th Motor Air Lines 03/03/1917 41
    Harris John S Ordinary Seaman R.N.V.R. HMS 'Tithonus' 28/03/1918 18
    Harvey Frederick R Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 16th Battalion 01/07/1916 36
    Hastings George   Private Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) 07th Battalion 02/11/1917 22
    Hebenton William G Private Canadian Infantry (British Columbia Regiment) 72nd Battalion 02/03/1917 26
    Henderson John   Gunner Royal Field Artillery 063rd R.N.D. 19/09/1917 27
    Hendry Charles M Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 16/02/1918 18
    Herron Frederick N Private Australian 02nd Pioneers 29/09/1917 29
    Hood George W First Mate Mercantile Marine SS 'Livonia' (London) 03/12/1917 42
    Howie William   Lance Corporal Fife and Forfar Yeomanry 28/11/1915 28
    Hughes William   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 03/09/1916 19
    Hunter Alexander F 2nd Lt. London Regiment (First Surrey Rifles) 21st Battalion 23/05/1916 21
    Hunter Hope   Captain London Regiment (London Scottish) 02nd/14th Battalion 03/12/1917 42
    Hutchison John   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 02nd Battalion 09/05/1915 19
    Hutton David S W Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 02nd Battalion 21/11/1914 26
    Hutton William   Driver Royal Field Artillery 057th Division Ammunition Column 02/09/1918 29
    Jack David S M Private Gordon Highlanders 08th Battalion 01/04/1916 18
    Jack Robert L R Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 13/02/1915 21
    Jack William D Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 08/03/1916 17
    Jack William M Corporal Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 09th Battalion 25/09/1915 35
    Jagger John   Ldg. Cooks Mate Royal Navy HMS 'Natal' 30/12/1915 27
    Jamieson Alexander P Able Seaman R.N.D. Howe Battalion 18/02/1917 25
    Jamieson David F Private The King's (Liverpool Regiment) 18th Battalion 24/04/1917 21
    Jamieson David   Private Seaforth Highlanders 08th Battalion 25/09/1915 35
    Jarrett William W Private Seaforth Highlanders 02nd Battalion 25/04/1915 32
    Jones Edward W Bombardier Royal Field Artillery 256th Brigade A Battery 01/05/1918 25
    Keillor Charles W Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 02nd Battalion 18/06/1915 21
    Keillor Robert K M Able Seaman Royal Navy H.M.M.L. 'X.167' 16/10/1917 40
    Keillor (MC & bar) Thomas B Lieutenant Australian Infantry 28th Battalion 03/10/1918 29
    Kelly Peter   Private London Regiment (London Scottish) 02nd/14th Battalion 09/03/1918 24
    Kerr John M Gunner Royal Field Artillery 256th Brigade A Battery 11/08/1916 18
    Kinnear Roland W J Private Seaforth Highlanders 04th Battalion 09/04/1918 18
    Kitto David A Serjeant R.A.M.C. 37th Field Ambulance 30/11/1917 32
    Knight John   Corporal Scots Guards 02nd Battalion 16/05/1917 23
    Kyd Frank P 2nd Lt. East Surrey Regiment 11th Bn attd Royal Warwicks Regiment 18/08/1916 n/a
    Kydd Alexander M Private Royal Scots Fusiliers 02nd Battalion 20/10/1918 23
    Kydd David   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 02nd Battalion 23/04/1915 20
    Kydd Douglas   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 25/08/1915 23
    Kydd Henry J N Lieutenant West Yorkshire Regiment (Prince of Wales's Own) 2nd Battalion 13/05/1918 31
    Kydd William S 2nd Lt. Royal Field Artillery 256th Brigade A Battery 19/05/1917 24
    Laird James D 2nd Lt. King's Royal Rifle Corps 12th Battalion 25/03/1918 23
    Lamb David O Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 15/03/1915 20
    Law James   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 28/03/1915 36
    Leadingham Arthur   Lance Corporal Highland Light Infantry 12th Battalion 13/08/1916 28
    Lee John   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 06th Battalion 31/07/1917 35
    Leonard James   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 06th Battalion 04/05/1917 26
    Leslie Frank   Private Canadian Infantry (Nova Scotia Regiment) 85th Battalion 31/10/1917 24
    Lindsay Alexander   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 11/11/1914 29
    Lindsay Douglas K Private King's Own Scottish Borderers 05th Battalion 01/09/1918 19
    Lindsay William N Lance Corporal Military Police Corps Military Foot Police 06/11/1918 38
    Low Alexander P Captain R.A.M.C. attd 7th Battalion Seaforth Highlanders 14/07/1916 41
    Low George   Private London Regiment (London Scottish) 14th Battalion 31/08/1918 19
    Lownie William   Gunner Royal Field Artillery 082nd Brigade A Battery 03/07/1916 31
    Lowson George   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 07th Battalion 17/04/1918 18
    Lundie James   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 03/09/1916 19
    MacDonald Charles   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 07/11/1914 29
    MacGregor Benjamin   Private Seaforth Highlanders 07th Battalion 30/12/1917 23
    MacKay Donald   Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 14th Battalion 22/09/1918 31
    MacLure Edward   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 02nd Battalion 21/01/1916 21
    MacPherson David   Able Seaman R.N.V.R. HMS 'Defence' 31/05/1916 28
    Malcolm William   Private Middlesex Regiment 12th Battalion 10/11/1916 39
    Mangan Richard A Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 07th Battalion 13/11/1916 29
    Mann Allan B Private Gordon Highlanders 01st Battalion 03/09/1918 19
    Mann Henry L Private Canadian Infantry (British Columbia Regiment) 07th Battalion 26/09/1916 30
    Marshall George S Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 06th Battalion 16/09/1917 40
    Martin Thomas   Private Scots Guards 02nd Battalion 27/09/1915 24
    Mathewson (MM) John   Private Canadian Infantry (Central Ontario Regiment) 04th Battalion 08/10/1916 28
    Matthew James   Private Highland Light Infantry 09th (Glasgow Highlanders) Battalion 20/05/1917 31
    Matthew Walter W Private Northumberland Fusiliers (Tyneside Scottish) 23rd Battalion 29/04/1917 23
    Matthews Frederick J Lance Serjeant Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders 05th Battalion 30/07/1916 31
    Maxwell John   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 09/05/1915 28
    Maxwell William M Private Canadian Infantry (New Brunswick Regiment) 26th Battalion 14/06/1918 29
    McAndrew William   Private Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders 05th Battalion 20/11/1915 38
    McBay James   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 06th Battalion 16/09/1917 25
    McCombie Joseph R Private Seaforth Highlanders 05th Battalion 13/11/1916 36
    McConnell (MM) John C Lance Corporal Seaforth Highlanders 01st/06th Battalion 25/10/1918 26
    McDonald John M Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 07th Battalion 23/04/1917 20
    McFarlane Thomas   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 02nd Battalion 07/01/1916 27
    McGlashan Donald   Sh. Smith Corporal Royal Field Artillery 256th Brigade A Battery 12/10/1917 40
    McGowan William   Private Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders 01st Battalion 01/03/1918 25
    McGregor David   Private Royal Scots Fusiliers 02nd Battalion 30/07/1916 21
    McGregor George   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 11/03/1915 22
    McGregor Thomas   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 31/01/1915 21
    McIntosh Norman G Lance Corporal Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 09th Battalion 30/09/1917 23
    McIvor Thomas   Serjeant Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 09th Battalion 29/04/1916 30
    McKinnon James   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 01/09/1916 27
    McKnight Alexander   Private King's Own Scottish Borderers 01st Battalions 19/11/1916 28
    Meek Alexander M Private Highland Light Infantry 15th Battalion 18/11/1916 28
    Meekison Wilfred A W Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 15th Battalion 23/06/1916 33
    Melville William G Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 10/03/1915 19
    Michie John L A Lance Corporal Seaforth Highlanders 07th Battalion 24/09/1918 19
    Middleton George   Corporal Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 13th Battalion 29/06/1916 20
    Middleton William   Gunner Royal Garrison Artillery 025th Siege Battery 31/10/1918 25
    Mill George R Staff Surgeon R.N.V.R. (Surg. and Agent Birkenhead, Mersey Div) 11/02/1918 37
    Mill James   First Engineer Mercantile Marine SS 'Florrieston' 20/04/1918 38
    Millar Arthur   Private Seaforth Highlanders 04th Battalion 20/07/1918 19
    Miller George E Serjeant Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 09/05/1915 26
    Miller Robert G 2nd Lieutenant Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders 04th Battalion attd 11th Bn 11/05/1917 32
    Miller William E Lance Corporal Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 06/08/1916 21
    Mills William   Gunner Royal Field Artillery 256th Brigade A Battery 25/07/1917 21
    Milne Charles   Private Royal Defence Corps 204th Protection Company 16/02/1917 50
    Milne Charles   Gunner Royal Field Artillery 51st Divisional Artillery 20/11/1918 25
    Milne Duncan   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 16/11/1917 21
    Milne George   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 04/04/1918 22
    Milne James M C Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 09/05/1917 27
    Milne John F S Private Gordon Highlanders 07th Battalion 24/07/1918 18
    Milne Robert C Lieutenant R.N.R. HMS 'Warner' (Q27) 13/03/1917 25
    Milne (MiD) James   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 01/04/1918 22
    Mitchell Alexander   Private Gordon Highlanders 01st Battalion 03/10/1918 18
    Mitchell David A Lance Corporal Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment) 1st/4th Battalion 10/04/1918 30
    Mitchell Frederick   Lance Serjeant Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders 05th Battalion 07/05/1917 26
    Mitchell Thomas F Private Highland Light Infantry 09th (Glasgow Highlanders) Battalion 24/10/1918 20
    Moir George   Private Army Service Corps 783rd M.T. Company 24/07/1917 40
    Moore Robert V Lance Corporal Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 01/04/1918 22
    Morris William C Pioneer Canadian Pioneers 3rd Battalion 19/09/1916 27
    Morrison Douglas   Private Seaforth Highlanders 01st/06th Battalion 27/10/1918 20
    Morrison James   Private Scots Guards 02nd Battalion 26/07/1917 32
    Morrison John   Lance Corporal Scots Guards 01st Battalion 30/03/1916 25
    Morton Edward D Fitter Royal Field Artillery 256th Brigade A Battery 25/07/1917 22
    Mostyn Peter   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 09/05/1915 18
    Mundin David S Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 14/10/1916 27
    Munro James   Private Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) 02nd Battalion 24/03/1917 22
    Murray David   Lance Corporal Canadian Infantry 56th Battalion 15/09/1915 30
    Murray George   Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 17th Battalion 21/07/1916 23
    Murray James K Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 05/01/1915 19
    Myles (MC) Thomas B Captain Highland Light Infantry 12th Battalion 02/08/1917 24
    Napier John C Private Gordon Highlanders 07th Battalion 24/07/1918 18
    Nicol Alfred J Corporal Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 25/11/1917 24
    Nicoll Andrew P Private M.G.C. (Infantry) 136th Company 16/04/1917 20
    Oakley George   Private Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders 10th Battalion 29/09/1918 31
    Ogg Hamilton   Fireman Mercantile Marine SS 'Thames' (Grangemouth) 26/05/1918 36
    Ogg William D Bombardier Royal Field Artillery 285th Brigade B Battery 09/04/1918 26
    Ogilvie George   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 08th Battalion 24/03/1918 27
    Oram Scott   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 23/12/1918 19
    Orr David C Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 08th Battalion 23/03/1918 19
    Orr David M Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 03rd Battalion 17/01/1918 40
    Ovenstone Peter M Corporal Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 14th Battalion 06/11/1917 22
    Parker Bertie A R Private (Bugler) Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 07/09/1915 23
    Paterson Alexander F Private Army Ordnance Corps 02/05/1918 33
    Paterson Colin G Gunner Royal Garrison Artillery 351st Siege Battery 06/06/1918 38
    Paterson James C Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 14th Battalion 27/12/1917 34
    Paterson Stewart W Gunner Royal Marine Artillery Howitzer Brigade 10/07/1918 31
    Paterson William   Lance Corporal Royal Air Force 19/12/1918 17
    Pattullo Allan E Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 03rd Battalion 13/03/1917 19
    Pattullo David   Driver Royal Engineers 205th Company 01/08/1916 24
    Pattullo Harry   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 02nd Battalion 13/05/1915 27
    Pattullo William   Trimmer R.N.R. HM Trawler 'Asia' 12/09/1917 27
    Peters (MiD) James   Corporal Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 13th Battalion 16/02/1919 21
    Petrie Alexander C Air Mech. 1st Class Royal Air Force 26/12/1918 40
    Petrie Alexander V Deck Hand R.N.R. HMS 'Thalia' 03/04/1917 57
    Petrie Arthur C Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 14/10/1916 19
    Petrie Robert M Serjeant (Armourer) Fife and Forfar Yeomanry 31/10/1915 29
    Philip George   Private Gordon Highlanders 01st Battalion 18/07/1916 26
    Phin Francis D Serjeant Gordon Highlanders 08th Battalion 04/07/1915 27
    Porter (MiD) Thomas   Private Highland Light Infantry 12th Battalion 25/03/1918 24
    Porter (MM) William   Serjeant Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 29/08/1917 24
    Proctor Frederick G Driver Canadian Field Artillery 13th Brigade 53rd Battery 05/07/1918 23
    Pyper David   Private Canadian Infantry (Alberta Regiment) 31st 17/11/1915 37
    Quinn John   Private King's Own Scottish Borderers 06th Battalion 25/04/1918 19
    Rae William   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 03/09/1916 28
    Ramsay David   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 03/09/1916 28
    Ramsay James   Driver Canadian Army Service Corps 2nd Division Train 28/01/1917 30
    Ramsay John   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 06th Battalion 21/03/1918 19
    Redford Alexander   Private London Regiment (London Scottish) 14th Battalion 20/10/1917 29
    Reekie Andrew   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 08th Battalion 07/10/1918 25
    Reid Charles   Private Gordon Highlanders 01st Battalion 02/06/1915 39
    Reid David   Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 02nd Battalion 18/08/1916 33
    Reid William C Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 08th Battalion 03/05/1917 24
    Reid William J Gunner Royal Garrison Artillery 296th Siege Battery 01/11/1918 38
    Reid William   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 16/06/1915 23
    Reid (MiD) William   Able Seaman Royal Navy HMS 'Vanguard' 09/07/1917 29
    Rennie Andrew   Serjeant Royal Field Artillery 045th Brigade 23/07/1917 30
    Rennie Andrew   Private Scots Guards 02nd Battalion 16/05/1915 20
    Rennie William   Lance Corporal Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders 14th Battalion 29/12/1916 19
    Rennie (MM) William   Corporal Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 08th Battalion 03/05/1917 27
    Ritchie David   Lance Corporal East Yorkshire Regiment 07th Battalion 21/03/1918 28
    Ritchie George   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 25/09/1915 34
    Ritchie James   Private Northumberland Fusiliers (Tyneside Scottish) 20th Battalion 01/07/1916 34
    Robb John   Driver Royal Field Artillery 039th Division Ammunition Column 06/06/1917 19
    Robb Norman A W Driver Royal Field Artillery 256th Brigade A Battery 07/08/1918 22
    Roberts Frank R Private Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders 02nd Battalion 21/10/1914 33
    Roberts Frank   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 01/04/1918 20
    Robertson Alexander   Private Royal Scots Fusiliers 06th/07th Battalion 21/04/1917 23
    Robertson Arthur   Private Canadian Infantry (Quebec Regiment) 42nd Battalion 09/04/1917 22
    Robertson Charles   Private Highland Light Infantry 10/11th Battalion 25/04/1918 37
    Robertson Edward W Private Seaforth Highlanders 08th Battalion 31/07/1917 18
    Robertson Norman   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 02nd Battalion 21/01/1916 26
    Robertson William J Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 13th Battalion 28/03/1918 21
    Robinson Frank   Gunner Royal Field Artillery 256th Brigade A Battery 16/08/1917 29
    Rodger Arthur   Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 13th Battalion 20/03/1916 19
    Rose William   Corporal King's Own Scottish Borderers 02nd Battalion 14/10/1914 35
    Ross Andrew   Private Royal Scots Fusiliers 11th Battalion 23/09/1918 43
    Ross George   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 08/05/1915 18
    Ross James P Lance Corporal Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 08th Battalion 14/10/1918 34
    Russell Francis D M Able Seaman R.N.D. Howe Battalion 16/11/1916 19
    Savege Horatio   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 05/02/1915 21
    Scott Alfred J Private Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders 08th Battalion 20/09/1917 19
    Scott James   Private (Signaller) Seaforth Highlanders 04th Battalion 21/03/1918 27
    Scott Robert S Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 04/09/1916 28
    Scrimgeour David   Lance Corporal Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 09th Battalion 25/09/1915 26
    Scrimgeour James   Private M.G.C. (Infantry) 074th Battalion 07/06/1917 21
    Shanks Arthur   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 14th Battalion 02/09/1918 21
    Shaw Alfred E Serjeant Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 09th Battalion 20/09/1917 24
    Shaw William   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 08th Battalion 25/09/1915 34
    Shelston Charles   Gunner Royal Field Artillery 026th Battery 19/10/1918 24
    Shepherd James   Private Gordon Highlanders 07th Battalion 24/04/1917 35
    Shepherd (MiD) John   Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 02nd Battalion 04/05/1918 24
    Sheriff Alexander B Private M.G.C. (Infantry) 039th Battalion 12/04/1918 23
    Sheriff George R Private Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders 02nd Battalion 02/10/1916 20
    Sim David   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 02nd Battalion 21/01/1916 40
    Sim Lewis H Sapper Canadian Engineers 3rd Tunnelling Company 24/09/1917 24
    Simpson Douglas A 2nd Lt. Gordon Highlanders 07th Battalion 15/10/1915 25
    Simpson John   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 06th Battalion 25/07/1916 35
    Simpson William   Gunner Royal Field Artillery 30/03/1915 28
    Skea James   Bombardier Royal Field Artillery 256th Brigade A Battery 19/10/1917 24
    Skea Thomas S Private Seaforth Highlanders 07th Battalion 12/10/1917 33
    Skea William   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 21/03/1915 23
    Skene John G Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 02nd Battalion 11/04/1916 23
    Smart John H Private Gordon Highlanders 01st Battalion 26/10/1914 32
    Smart John   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 14th Battalion 23/09/1918 20
    Smith Alexander D 2nd Engineer Mercantile Marine SS 'Gibralter' (Glasgow) 12/09/1917 28
    Smith Alexander M Lance Corporal Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 09/05/1915 20
    Smith Alexander   Private Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders 04th Battalion 16/03/1915 19
    Smith Alexander   Corporal Royal Field Artillery 231st Brigade C Battery 12/10/1918 26
    Smith Edward M Gunner Royal Field Artillery 256th Brigade A Battery 17/12/1916 28
    Smith Edwin H Private Sherwood Foresters (Notts & Derby Regiment) 2nd Battalion 17/10/1918 28
    Smith James D Lance Corporal Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 09th Battalion 25/09/1915 28
    Smith James   Private Suffolk Regiment 7th Battalion 30/10/1918 18
    Smith John G Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 15/09/1914 34
    Smith John W Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 06/02/1915 18
    Smith Joseph S Private Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders 01st Battalion 25/09/1914 32
    Smith Norman J A Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 11/04/1915 20
    Smith Sydney   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 30/12/1915 30
    Smith Thomas C Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 16th Battalion 11/12/1918 22
    Smith William   Engineer Sub-Lt. R.N.R. HMS 'Bacchante' 21/02/1917 28
    Spark (MM) William M Gunner Royal Field Artillery 106th Brigade A Battery 22/03/1918 25
    Spence Edward Y Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 31/07/1917 25
    Spence George   Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 12th Battalion 04/05/1917 21
    Spiers Alexander   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 09/05/1915 20
    Spink Edward   Private The King's (Liverpool Regiment) 01st Battalion 13/03/1917 20
    Spink Henry C Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 09/05/1915 19
    Spink James F Deck Hand R.N.R. H.M. Trawler 'George Millburn' 12/07/1917 40
    Spink William   Gunner Royal Field Artillery 256th Brigade A Battery 04/10/1917 51
    Stark James C Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 02nd/10th Battalion 27/10/1918 18
    Stephen David M Lance Corporal Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 02/11/1914 22
    Stewart Charles   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 07th Battalion 25/04/1917 30
    Stewart (MM) William   Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 13th Battalion 28/03/1918 21
    Stormont William L 2nd Lieutenant Royal Field Artillery 005th Army Brigade 81st Battery 31/08/1918 21
    Stormonth William M Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 07th Battalion 26/03/1918 20
    Stott George M Private Canadian Infantry (Manitoba Regiment) 43rd Battalion 16/08/1918 28
    Strachan David D Private Scots Guards 01st Battalion 27/09/1915 29
    Strachan Thomas D Able Seaman R.N.D. 189th Brigade Drake Battalion 30/12/1917 19
    Strachan Thomas   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 15/09/1914 32
    Strachan William   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 16/09/1914 32
    Stuart George D G Lieutenant Royal Field Artillery 084th Battery 011th Army Brigade 23/09/1917 21
    Stuart Thomas   Gunner Royal Field Artillery 024th Brigade 111th Battery 21/03/1918 23
    Stuart (DCM) William   L/Cpl. (Piper) Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 09/05/1915 30
    Stuart (MC) James O G Captain Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 30/03/1918 25
    Sturrock Alexander   Lance Corporal Military Police Corps Military Foot Police 27/10/1918 35
    Sturrock James   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 13th Battalion 04/11/1918 25
    Sturrock Norman S Ordinary Seaman Royal Navy HMS 'Vehement' 02/08/1918 18
    Sutherland Adam   Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 13th Battalion 12/05/1916 36
    Suttie John   Private Dorsetshire Regiment 6th Battalion 11/10/1918 37
    Swankie Daniel   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 31/07/1917 36
    Swankie Peter   Private Canadian Infantry (New Brunswick Regiment) 44th Battalion 10/11/1918 34
    Swankie Robert   Deck Hand R.N.R. HMS 'Fifinella' 05/04/1919 40
    Swinton David   Lance Corporal Essex Regiment 2nd Battalion 19/04/1918 19
    Symon Alexander H Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 14th Battalion 06/11/1917 20
    Taylor Arthur F Private Northumberland Fusiliers 01st Battalion 09/04/1917 27
    Thoms Alexander   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 07th Battalion 09/04/1918 23
    Thomson Charles W Lieutenant R.N.R. HMS 'Egmont' (British Consulate Syracuse) 04/10/1918 32
    Thomson Edwin   Corporal Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 12/03/1915 30
    Thomson Roy(al) B Private South Wales Borderers 10th Battalion 30/08/1918 21
    Tocher Henry   Deck Hand R.N.R. H.M.P.M.S. 'Queen of the North' 20/07/1917 42
    Todd Andrew   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 23/01/1917 23
    Todd John   Gunner Royal Garrison Artillery 342nd Siege Battery 02/11/1917 40
    Todd Samuel   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 02nd Battalion 09/05/1915 24
    Traill James G Gunner Royal Field Artillery 256th Brigade A Battery 25/07/1918 29
    Valentine Alexander D Private Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders 06th Battalion 17/11/1917 19
    Waddell Duncan M Private Australian Infantry 04th Battalion 20/02/1919 32
    Waddell William W Aircraftman 2nd Class Royal Air Force No.1 Balloon Training Depot 04/04/1919 19
    Wallace Alexander M Fitter Corporal Royal Field Artillery 262nd Brigade 05/06/1919 28
    Walton Arthur   Private Royal Scots Greys 2nd Dragoons 10/09/1914 29
    Watson David L Private Labour Corps 794th Area Employment Company 01/11/1918 43
    Watson Everard H G Private Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) 10th Battalion 05/07/1916 29
    Watson John   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 07th Battalion 26/03/1918 20
    Watson John   Private Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) 01st Battalion 12/05/1915 20
    Watt George   Private M.G.C. 063rd Battalion 20/05/1918 24
    Watt James W Lance Corporal Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 31/07/1917 24
    Webster (MiD) Joseph F 2nd Lt. Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) attd 02nd Gordon Highlanders 30/10/1914 21
    Weir Charles   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 04th/05th Battalion 14/10/1916 18
    Weir David F Gunner Royal Field Artillery 059th Brigade B Battery 02/01/1917 20
    White Robert   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 05th Battalion 09/05/1915 19
    Whitton John   Private King's Own Scottish Borderers 07th Battalion 25/09/1915 21
    Whyte James   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 07th Battalion 25/04/1917 27
    Whytock Arthur   Private M.G.C. (Infantry) 001st Company 03/09/1916 23
    Wilkie James   Private Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders 01st Battalion 09/05/1915 18
    Williamson Arthur S Private Canadian Infantry (Saskatchewan Regiment) 28th Battalion 07/05/1917 33
    Williamson Edward B Gunner Royal Field Artillery 027th Brigade 119th Battery 22/10/1918 22
    Williamson Lawrence   Able Seaman R.N.D. Nelson Battalion 13/11/1916 20
    Wilson George   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 02/11/1918 33
    Wilson Ronald   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 08th Battalion 22/03/1918 19
    Wilson Sydney C Major Royal Field Artillery 002nd Highland Brigade 09/11/1918 32
    Wishart Albert   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 09th Battalion 31/07/1917 19
    Wishart Alexander   Chief Engineer Mercantile Marine SS 'Taplow' (London) 05/06/1917 58
    Wishart William G Gunner Royal Field Artillery 003rd Division Ammunition Column 01/03/1916 35
    Withington Charles E Corporal Royal Defence Corps 456th Company 10/10/1918 46
    Wood James R E Private Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders 12th Battalion 09/05/1917 25
    Wyllie David A Gunner Royal Field Artillery 017th Brigade 26th Battery 28/06/1918 21
    Wyllie David J Corporal Gloucestershire Regiment 01st/04th Battalion 09/10/1917 27
    Yeaman Edward Jamie   Private Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 01st Battalion 09/05/1915 19
    Young David B Serjeant R.A.M.C. Bangalore 16/08/1917 29
  4. zalipie

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    Recent Entries

    My latest project is researching the holder of a  BWM and bi-lingual VM Duo to: T.C. JUBBER. S.A.F.A.

    All the normal ways via the National Archives, ANCESTRY etc. seem to be unsuccessful and I have the feeling I must go back to an archive in South Africa to find a trace of the man.  Does anyone have suggestions as to where I could start?

    Kind regards

    Ulrich

     

  5. Remembered Today: Major Arthur Raymond Boscawen SAVAGE {Intelligence Officer, Dublin District). Royal Field Artillery who died 18/05/1921 GRANGEGORMAN MILITARY CEMETERY Ireland, Republic of

     

    Major Arthur Raymond Boscawen Savage Royal Field Artillery  is a reminder that some who served would have an ignominious career and death. 

     

    Arthur Savage commissioned into the Royal Field Artillery 23rd July 1887 from the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich. 

     

    Savage came from a military family. His father Colonel Henry Savage served with the 91st Foot (later Argyle and Sutherland Highlanders) in South Africa. Grandfather General John Boscawen Savage Royal Engineers fought in the Peninsular War, and great-grandfather, General Sir John Boscawen Savage, commanded the Marines in the battle of the Nile. Arthur Savage would not have the illustrious military career enjoyed by his forefathers. He would rise to the rank Major by July 1903, however reports of unfitness to command, non payment of mess bills, and drink problems would see him retired to the Reserve of officers in May 1906.

     

    Savage was recalled to serve on commencement of WW1 and  deployed to France in July 1915 with 126 Brigade RFA, a war raised Kitchener K4 unit part of the 37th Division. No doubt he was many of officers recalled to the colours to provide experience to New Army units.

     

    In June 1916, Arthur's son, Second Lieutenant John Raymond Boscawen Savage Royal Flying Corps, was killed aged 17, when his aircraft was shot down. Casualty Details | CWGC

     

    Major Arthur Savage would leave the Western Front, and on 11th November 1916 he was appointed officer in charge of the  Royal Artillery record office in Salonika. A year later he returned to the UK on leave during which a medical board found him unfit for service for a month. He was struck off the  strength  of the Salonika Force. By June 1918 Savage's ill health found him back on the Reserve of Officers list.  He moved to Ireland, and where he was appointed as an intelligence officer at Dublin Castle, only be forced to retire due to adverse reports. 

     

    image.jpeg.6fff468d8998a647294b461a56cfd277.jpeg

     

    He was temporally able to return to service in March 1919 for a few months in the Cable Censorship Department. Another return to service occurred in November when he was re-commissioned as a staff offer, only to released again in April 1921.

     

    He applied, and was accepted as an Auxiliary in the Royal Irish Constabulary, the notorious 'Back and Tans, raised during the  Irish War of Independence. However Arthur Savage would not serve, he died on 18 May 1921 aged 52  of a drink related illness. 


    Major Arthur Raymond Boscawen Savage was buried  in Grangegorman Military Cemetery, Dublin, Republic of  Ireland.

     

    CWGC Casualty Details AJOR ARTHUR RAYMOND BOSCAWEN SAVAGE

     

    image.png.a57516d27c4de1a67f08d3735c0a180a.png

    Major Arthur Savage, Royal Field Artillery, Later Intelligence Officer, Dublin District

     

     

    Major Arthur Raymond Boscawen SAVAGE RFA

  6. 361731047_TreloarWH(AWM).jpg.3c2c52e58f0db249a0795c94d5151324.jpg

    Many will be familiar with the name John Linton Treloar, who during the First World War took on the organisation of the fledgling Australian War Records Section that formed the basis of the Australian War Memorial’s WW1 collection.  Perhaps not so well-known was his older brother William Harold Treloar, who became the first member of the Australian Flying Corps to be taken prisoner in WW1.

     

    Harold, as he was known throughout his life, was one of Australia’s early aviators.  He had begun life on the 8th of August 1889 at Fairfield Park, Victoria, as the first born child of William and Jane Treloar, whose marriage had taken place the year before.  At the time of his birth his father William was running a Grocery business in nearby Fitzroy, and was also in partnership as a Land Agent.  However, in the November of that same year, he auctioned off all his stock, and by 1892 had a Grocery store in Auburn Rd, Hawthorn, which was later followed by Port Melbourne.  It was during these years that Harold gained three new siblings, one of those being the above mentioned John.

     

    The family eventually moved to Hamilton in country Victoria, where William was the Manager of A. Miller and Co.’s ‘Mutual Store’ from at least 1898 to 1901, and in 1905 purchased his own store, the ‘Little Wonder’ Cash Store.  While the family continued to grow, Harold attended the local State School, followed by the Hamilton Academy, before following a career as a Chauffeur and Motor Mechanic.  By 1909 his family had returned to the city and were living in Albert Park, while William was employed as a Commercial Traveller with the Melbourne Merchants, Clark and Co. Pty Ltd.

     

    Remaining in the country, Harold was in the employ of Messrs Young Brothers, Auctioneers, Stock, Station and Commission Agents in Horsham, and was apparently the first man to drive a motor car for them.  He remained with them for three years, until the July of 1911, and during that time drove many different types of cars throughout Victoria, NSW and South Australia.  They found him to be a “first-class Chauffeur, obedient, punctual and obliging.”

     

    Further employment included some time as a chauffeur and instructor with J.R. Wotherspoon & Co. General Merchants, Beaufort, and driver and mechanic with N. McDonald Motor Works and Garage, Hamilton.

     

    In 1912 Harold was living and working in his mother’s childhood town of Ballarat, and having befriended the Hooley family, he eventually became engaged to their daughter Lilian.  He was employed with the Ballarat Motor Works from 1912 to 1913, during which time he was a chauffeur and mechanic from May 1912 to February 1913 with Mr Robert Carstairs Bell of Mooramong, Skipton, who stated:

    “I found him a most reliable & steady man and about the best driver I have ever known.  He also was a first class mechanic & well able to make any ordinary repairs to a motor car.

    We were all sorry when he left to better himself.”

     

    He also found employment with Mr Jasper Coghlan as chauffeur to his 40 h.p. Daimler lorry; and was associated with Messrs Loveland and Haslem’s Garage in 1914.

     

    After nine years’ experience as a chauffeur and motor mechanic, Harold felt that his prospects for the future weren’t the best, and in 1914 he decided to change careers and follow his ambition to become an aviator.  Fuelled by a visit to Ballarat in early April of the aviator Harry Hawker, he promptly booked his passage to England and sailed on the Orsova on the 15th of the same month.

     

    On landing in London on the 16th of May he first spent a couple of weeks at the British and Colonial Aeroplane Company. “He had been advised by the military representative at the High Commissioner’s office to undergo a course at the company’s school at Brooklands.  He witnessed the building of numerous machines for the Royal Flying Corps, as well as Bristol biplanes both of the tractor and propeller types.”

     

    With this grounding, he then moved on to the Bristol flying school which was also at the Brooklands Aerodrome, Weybridge.  His first trip in the air was with Billy Stutt, an Australian pilot, who had gained his Royal Aero Certificate in February that year.

     

    Harold obtained his Royal Aero Club Aviator’s Certificate No. 835 at The Bristol School in a Bristol Biplane on the 9th of July 1914, “after only three weeks’ tuition under very unsettled weather conditions.”  He then took an extended course at the Bleriot Monoplane School, also at Brooklands.

     

    In a letter home dated the 16th of July 1914 he wrote: “So far I have not broken the least thing through any fault of my own.  One morning I had just landed when an overstrained wire broke, and caught the propeller, which, of course, burst.  The pieces broke the rudder and elevator wires, which, if it had happened in the air, would have meant a big fall and bad bump, as I had been up 300ft.  However, it shows what can happen and what luck means.”

     

    Following the outbreak of war at the beginning of August, civilian flying in England came to a standstill and joining the Royal Flying Corps would not guarantee much flying as there were “four pilots already available for every machine.”  So, on hearing that instruction had commenced at the Australian Flying School, Harold quickly returned home.  He departed London on the Osterley on the 28th of August 1914 and arrived back in Melbourne on the 6th of October.

     

    As soon as he landed, Harold, who was already a 2nd Lieutenant in the 70th (Ballarat) Infantry Regiment, immediately set about securing an appointment with the Australian Flying Corps (AFC).  Having completed a two week course in aerial observation at Point Cook in February 1915, this was followed up by a three week course for a further pilot’s certificate in the March.

     

    On the 8th of February 1915 the Indian Government had requested pilots, transport staff and equipment from Australia to serve with the Indian Army in the campaign against the Turks in the Tigris Valley, Mesopotamia.  Having agreed to send what became known as a ‘Half Flight’ (half the strength of a standard Flight), four pilots were selected from the few that were available.  Under the command of Captain Henry Petre would be Captain Thomas White, Lieutenant George Merz and Harold.  His commission as a 2nd Lieutenant with the AFC came through on the 12th of April 1915.  Capt Petre sailed on the Orontes on the 14th of April in order to make advance arrangements, and Harold flew over his ship in a farewell gesture.

     

    Having received his final leave Harold travelled to Ballarat the following day of the 15th, where he married his fiancé Alice Lilian HOOLEY in the Christ Church Cathedral on the 17th of April 1915.

     

    Four days later on the 20th of April 1915 he left his new bride with her mother in Ballarat, and returned to Melbourne where together with Thomas White and most of the other members of the Half Flight he embarked on the RMS Morea for India.  George Merz who had been temporarily detained on instruction duties at Point Cook, followed Harold’s earlier gesture and flew over their ship as it left the pier, signalling his farewell.  From Bombay the Half Flight then travelled to Basra arriving on the 26th of May 1915, where they were joined in June by Merz.  “The four Officers were gazetted temporarily into the Indian Army, and on 11th June 1915 were gazetted into the Royal Air [Flying] Corps.”

     

    On the 3rd of June Harold wrote home:

    “Everything is O.K.  We have two Maurice-Farman fighting biplanes going, and I have been over the Turkish lines at Kurna, acting as pilot and observer.  We fly at 5000 feet, so if they hit us, good luck to them.  These machines carry a passenger and fuel for four hours, and do a little less than 60 miles an hour ground speed.  We have dropped bombs, but with little success.  But we have done some good reconnaissance, locating trenches, guns and so forth.  We advance to Barham Island to-morrow, and start a new depot there.  It is fearfully hot, about 110 to 120 degrees in the shade, and when there is no breeze it is simply a real Turkish bath.  I was the first Australian member of the Australian Flying Corps to fly over the enemy’s lines, and also the first Australian to fly in this country.”

     

    This was followed up on the 25th of June with:

    “Just a line to let you know I am still in the land of the living, and going strong.  Had several exciting times lately, through engine failure, mainly through the heat making the oil inefficient.

    I had to come down in the desert, stay there all day till they sent out a strong party to guard the machine, and I thought it best to stay there, for I am sure the Arabs would have destroyed the machine.  On a later occasion the engine stopped when we were over water, and it took me all my time to coax it back to our island base.  The Arabs shoot at us repeatedly, but so far they have not registered on us.  I have been given the piloting of No.1 Maurice Farman biplane, fitted with bomb droppers, but have not seen any large Turkish force yet to try my hand.”

    “I have flown about 900 miles, and not so far felt any ill-effects, but it is a strain, for the wind here is so strong at times that we fly only about 20 feet or so from the ground to make any headway at all; in fact, at one place we have been blown backwards.”

     

    By September they had received more planes and while piloting Caudron 1 during a reconnaissance flight on the 16th of that month, its engine gave out and Harold was forced to land about 80 yards in front of the enemy position at Essin, south of Kut-el-Amara.  A Turkish officer (later taken prisoner by the British) watched through his binoculars as the event unfolded.  The information gleaned from him was that:

    “The machine came down quite slowly and bumped once or twice gently on the ground before it stopped.

    At first the officers tried to make a bolt for it, but saw it was impossible and returned to the machine.  They were both unhurt.  After they (the Turks) had taken the two officers from the machine our (British) guns opened fire on it and tried to smash it, whereupon they (the Turks) led one of them (the officers) back in its direction and the guns ceased fire, and they (the Turks) were then able to get it away.”

     

    Harold and his observer Captain Basil Atkins of the Indian Army were the first two officers to be captured in Mesopotamia.  They were actually lucky, as two of their former colleagues, Lieut George Merz (AFC) and his pilot passenger Lieut William Burn (NZSC att RFC) had previously been killed by Arabs under similar circumstances.

     

    Following their safe landing, excerpts of Harold’s description of their capture and incarceration are as follows:

     

    “They opened fire on us with machine guns and rifles, and, though the firing was kept up for 10 to 15 minutes, we were both captured unhurt.  Until the Turkish officers came up to us, we had a hand-to-hand fight with the Arabs, who would have killed us but for the intervention of the Turks.  We were stripped and taken before the Turkish commander, Nurredin Pasha, who told us that if we did not give him all the information he desired we would be shot.  I asked him if he would tell the British anything if he were a prisoner.  He answered ‘No,’ and did not continue the questioning, but gave us coffee and cigarettes.  We were very surprised later to get tea and biscuits made in Melbourne.

    Captain Atkins and I were subsequently sent by river steamer to Bagdad.  At every town or village along the river the Arab Sheik with his followers, came on board to look at us and at our 80 h.p. Caudron biplane, which had been riddled with rifle and shrapnel bullets.  On our arrival in Bagdad, the machine was exhibited for the benefit of the Red Crescent – the Turkish equivalent of our Red Cross.  We were royally received in Bagdad.  Fully 50 officers came on board to see us, and crowds of people lined the banks of the Tigris.  We entered the ‘Abode of Peace,’ once the most brilliant city in the Moslem world, with flags flying, and the steamer’s whistle blowing.  We were put in a large hospital, and a strong guard was placed over us.  We were given permission to buy clothes and to have a bath, a real Turkish bath.  The director of the Red Crescent was very kind to us, and saw that we received good food.  The commandant, Huckle Bey, took us for several drives, but, as he could not get any information out of us, the drives were discontinued.”

     

    “After remaining 10 days in Bagdad, where we were treated with the utmost kindness and civility, we were sent to Stamboul, by way of Mosul.  The party that accompanied us to Mosul consisted of 15 Indian sepoys and a guard of 20 mounted gendarmes, with one officer.  The Indians travelled in open carts, but we were given an Arabarner, a closed carriage, in which you lie down.  The officer in charge could speak a little French, so we were able to find out a little about the country we travelled through.  After two days we reached Samara, and Tickereet was our next halting place.

    On our arrival at Mosul we were handed over to the military authorities, and placed in an old dirty barracks.  From now on their treatment of us changed for the worse.  It was winter, and the very small room in which we were confined had bare floors.  The windows had no glass, and, to keep warm, we had to huddle together in a corner.  After a few days, Captain Atkins became very ill with dysentery and fever.  We could not eat the hotel food, because of its oiliness and filth, and we lived for a few weeks on boiled fowl and rice.”

     

    “About six weeks after our arrival in Mosul, Captain T.W. White and Captain Yeats Brown, both of the Australian Flying Corps, joined us.

    Shortly afterwards Major Reilly, our flight commander, and Lieutenant Fulton arrived.  Thus by the irony of fate six flying officers who had messed together at Busra were now prisoners of war.”

     

    Thomas White (who had been captured on the 13/11/1915) later described his first impressions of both Harold and Atkins as being so wasted and feeble with fever and dysentery that they were hardly recognizable.  But they began to show improvement straight away, the only possible reason being a lift in morale.

    The treatment of the men here was far worse than that of the officers, and as much as Harold and his fellow officers tried to help them, there was not a lot they could do, and subsequently many died.

     

    Harold went on to say:

    “You can imagine our joy when, after five months, we heard that we were to be sent to Aleppo.  [They departed Mosul on the 20/2/1916]  Our great trouble was to get cash as nobody would accept Turkish notes.  The German consul finally changed some of our notes thus enabling us to pay our debts and to give the men a little money to spend en route.  The few German officers we met in Turkey were very good to us.  Two hundred men were sent with us from Mosul, but only 30 arrived at Aleppo.  Here we were allowed to stay at the Hotel America, the nearest approach to civilization we had experienced since our capture.

     

    While at Aleppo Harold developed severe rheumatism in his knees and was granted permission to visit the hospital for treatment.

     

    “After spending 10 days in Aleppo we again entrained for a destination unknown.  On our way we passed through Marmure, Tersus, and Byzanti, finally reaching Afion Karahissar [on the 24/3/1916], where we were placed in an empty house which was new and clean.  That same night three British officers escaped from another house, with the result that we were placed in an Armenian church with all the other British, French, and Russian prisoners.  The treatment we received here was good.  Moreover we began to hear talk of peace.  Our evenings were spent in attending our ‘theatre’ or else in mock trials and debates.”

     

    Six weeks after their crowded incarceration in the church they were transferred to houses in the town.

     

    “In March, 1917, in company with four other British officers, I was sent to Constantinople, as a reprisal for alleged mistreatment of five Turkish officers in Cairo.  We were placed in a filthy underground cell for 63 days, no exercise whatever being allowed.  [They were held in Seraskerat Prison]

    After 101 days we were released owing to the efforts of the American consul, and were allowed to return to Afion Karahissar, where we remained till the signing of the armistice.

    Thanks to the Australian Red Cross Society and the Royal Flying Corps Aid Committee we received many parcels, but I think only about 30 per cent of those sent.”

     

    All the officers and men were very grateful to the Australian Red Cross Prisoner of War Department run by Miss M.E.M. Chomley, not only for the parcels of food and clothing sent by them, but also for their untiring attempts to do anything that was asked of them.

     

     

    Although still a prisoner of war, Harold was promoted to Lieutenant on the 15th of August 1918.

    Following Turkey’s unconditional surrender on the 30th of October 1918 he was finally repatriated after 3 years and 2 months of incarceration, embarking at Smyrna on the 19th of November and arriving at Alexandria, Egypt, on the 21st.  He was then returned to Australia on the Aeneas, embarking on the 2nd of January 1919 and disembarking in Melbourne on the 5th of February.  His appointment was terminated on the 30th of March 1919, and on the 1st of July 1920 he was transferred to the Reserve of Officers, and eventually placed on the Retired List on the 27th of November 1943.

     

    Unfortunately Harold’s homecoming was not a joyous one.  During his years of absence he and his wife had kept up a regular correspondence, and he was given no indication that anything was untoward.  However, before leaving Egypt he had received a letter from his father explaining that his wife had recently given birth to a child.  Although she asked him for a second chance, he filed for a divorce in the March and the marriage was dissolved in the May.

     

    A great believer in the future of Commercial Aviation before the outbreak of war, Harold stepped straight into this new industry on his return home.  When the Defence Department began selling off their planes in 1919, Messrs Fenton and Carey bought four Maurice Farmans with the intention of opening a flying school and passenger service from their property in Port Melbourne.  Harold with three other pilots from the Central Flying School at Point Cook delivered the planes to them on the 11th of April, and part of the purchasing deal was that he would provide instruction on the operation and maintenance of the planes.  They also employed him as a pilot and during his time with them he flew 270 passengers.

     

    Harold’s personal life also took a turn for the better when on the 23rd of August 1919 at Echuca, he married Ida Emmerson TREWIN from Albert Park.  The couple at first lived with Harold’s parents in Albert Park before setting up house in Ivanhoe, and over the years they had three children together.

     

    During the month before his marriage, Harold had gone into partnership with air mechanic Hector Lord and flight sergeant Richard Lonsdale, both of whom had served with him in the Half Flight in Mesopotamia, and they purchased their own plane from the Defence Department, a 100 horsepower De Haviland 6 bi-plane for £500.  They then toured Victoria giving passenger flights and exhibitions.  By mid-December 1919 they had visited 34 towns, having flown 6000 miles and taken up more than 700 passengers.  Mid-May 1920 had brought the distance travelled to more than 15,000 miles, while carrying 1900 passengers. Following each flight they issued their passengers with a certificate to show that they had made the flight.

     

    In August 1920 Harold was one of the pilots who took part in the aerial Tour of Victoria to raise awareness for the Second Peace Loan campaign.  The Peace Loans were established by the Government to raise money to carry out their obligations to resettle the returning army.  The opening ceremony took place at the Melbourne Town Hall on Friday the 6th of August, and was followed by a procession through the city, while the four Avro planes taking part in the tour, flew overhead dropping leaflets urging subscriptions to the loan.  The following Monday together with Mechanic Flight Sgt Cecil Hazlitt, Harold set off on his allocated tour route, which involved visiting the towns in North-Western Victoria.

    However, he was dogged by trouble from day one: “We headed for Clunes and Learmonth.  We had a very hard time.  Ballarat and district were enveloped in a thick white mist which rendered flying very difficult.  The bad weather continued until Friday and our plane had to face rain, hail and snow, in addition to heavy wind.  So thick was the rain at one stage that we had to descend to within 100 feet of the ground in order to pick out a paddock in which we could land.”

     

    Having returned to Point Cook, they set off again on Tuesday 17th August for Kyneton, and on landing later that day an unfortunate accident occurred.  On the ground Police-Sergeant Hore who was keeping back the crowd was knocked down by one of the back wings of the plane, suffering a badly bruised shoulder and shock.  Things got worse the following morning as they took off to head to Bendigo, when only 100 feet off the ground the engine failed.  The plane plummeted to the ground and was totally wrecked, but miraculously Harold and Hazlitt were able to walk away with nothing more than a severe shaking.  They returned to Melbourne that night.

     

    Flying a new plane, Harold and Hazlitt set off again on Monday the 23rd of August, having taken over a section of the North-Eastern district so that that area could be completed by the Wednesday.  The Tour of the State finished on the following Friday, the 27th, with an Aerial Derby; the four pilots who had taken part in the Tour, competing to see who could fly the fastest from Serpentine (near Bendigo) to the Melbourne Town Hall.  Carrying bags of mail to be dropped on arrival, they took off from the racecourse at two minute intervals and circled the township before continuing on their way.  Harold’s plane won the day, travelling the 116 miles in one hour and fifteen minutes, the other three planes not far behind.  After a few circuits of the city two of the planes then flew on while Harold and Capt McKenzie had to land at the Port Melbourne aerodrome to refuel, their tanks being almost empty.  Early in October Silver cups were presented to the winners by the president of the East Loddon Shire Council.

     

    In October 1920 Harold was given the job of delivering the ‘Sunraysia Daily’ newspaper throughout the Mildura and Riverina districts.  Three weeks into the run and he struck engine trouble.  Although he managed to land safely, he subsequently crashed into a fence, damaging one of the plane’s wings, but escaped injury himself.  Flying with the Shaw-Ross Aviation Company in the December, he took part in the delivery of ‘The Herald’ to all the bayside resorts between Port Melbourne and San Remo.  That month also saw the running of the first Australian Aerial Derby and Flying Carnival, in which Harold won the opening event by managing to drop a small parachute within 25 yards of a white triangle marked in the centre of the Epsom racecourse at Mordialloc.

     

    Having obtained his Civil Aviation Licence in June 1921, with the early number of 20, Harold was then employed as a Representative of the Aviation Department of the Shell Company of Australia Ltd (British Imperial Oil Coy).  At the end of November he escaped injury following a successful landing in windy weather, when a sudden gust then flipped his plane over, causing considerable damage.  A week later his Ivanhoe home was broken in to by thieves, who stole jewellery, clothing and a pair of binoculars.

    Late 1924 early 1925 Harold was transferred to Bendigo where he spent the next five years as the Superintendent for the District, before being transferred to the Adelaide branch in March 1930.

    It was noted that: “While in Adelaide, Captain Treloar, in accordance with the Shell Company’s policy, will devote his attention to stimulating public interest in aviation.”

    Before leaving Bendigo he became one of the founders of the Bendigo Aero Club which was established in 1929.

    By 1934 he had returned to Victoria and continued working with the Shell Company until 1940 (as a Salesman) at which time he was appointed to the State Liquid Fuel Control Board.  The final three months of 1942 saw him employed with the State Taxation Department.

     

    Harold died suddenly on the 11th of October 1950 in Bendigo where he was employed as a Motor Salesman – he was 61 years old.  He is buried in the Warringal Cemetery, Heidelberg, and was joined by his wife Ida in 1982.

     

     

    *******************

     

    Harold’s parents: William Henry TRELOAR and Jane Freeman CADDY married in Vic in 1988.

    William who had been born at Linton (near Ballarat) died on the 7/1/1930 at his home in Heidelberg, aged 65.  Jane who had been born and bred in Ballarat, died on the 18/8/1942 also at home in Heidelberg, aged 72.

     

    Harold’s Siblings: *Reginald Claremont b.21/6/1891 Hawthorn (Grocer’s Assistant) – WW1: Cpl 609 (MM), 4th MG Bn – WW2 – d.1969 Heidelberg; Grace Beatrice b.1893 Melb – d.1894 (5M); *John Linton b.10/12/1894 Port Melb (Military Staff Clerk) marr Clarissa M W Aldridge 5/11/1918 Notting Hill, UK – WW1: Maj (O.B.E.) 1st Div HQ (Aust War Records Sect) – WW2 – d.28/1/1952 Canberra; Vera Grace Larewance b.1898 Warrnambool – marr L.R. OATES 25/10/1924 – d.1954; Alexander Glenroy b.1900 Hamilton (Salesman, Warehouseman); Mary Thelma b.1901 Hamilton – marr BARKWAY – d.1974; Arthur Charles Caddy b.1902 Hamilton (Mechanic) – d.8/2/1963 WA.

     

    Harold’s Children (3): *William Herbert Ross b.18/8/1922 Ivanhoe (Wireless Operator) – WW2: Merchant Navy – d.2002, *Eric John (Draughtsman) b.1925 – d.1998, *Janette Mary – marr K.B. IRESON – d.2016

     

     

    For more in-depth detail in regard to:

    *Half Flights time in Mesopotamia: – The Official History, Vol VIII The A.F.C.; “Fire in the Sky” by Michael Molkentin

    *Harold’s incarceration – “Guests of the Unspeakable” by Thomas W. White

     

    https://discoveringanzacs.naa.gov.au/browse/person/365069

     

     

     

  7. Tilloy British Cemetery, Tilloy-Les-Mofflaines. Tilloy-Les-Mofflaines was taken by Commonwealth troops on 9 April 1917, but it was partly in German hands again from March to August 1918. The cemetery was begun in April 1917 by fighting units and burial officers, and Rows A to H in Plot I largely represent burials from the battlefield. The remaining graves in Plot I, and others in the first three rows of Plot II, represent later fighting in 1917 and the first three months of 1918, and the clearing of the village in August 1918. These 390 original burials were increased after the Armistice when graves were brought in from a wide area east of Arras and from smaller burial grounds. The cemetery now contains 1,642 Commonwealth burials and commemorations of the Great War, 611 of the burials are unidentified, but there are special memorials to 14 casualties known or believed to be buried among them. Other special memorials commemorate 11 men of the 6th Bn. K.O.S.B., buried in Tees Trench Cemetery No.2, whose graves were destroyed by shell fire. The cemetery was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens.

  8. A unique A-Z revealing how hundreds of members of one Devon family fought and died at war has just been completed.

    It gives a detailed insight into more than 350 men and women of the Roberts family who served in the two world wars and the Second Boer War.

    They are all connected to me – either as direct ancestors or through marriage to members of my family.

    Fifteen years ago, I only knew of one ancestor who had gone to war – my grandfather George Burnett Roberts.

    As a boy, I was given a picture of him – taken just after he had enlisted in the Army Service Corps – and a dozen brass buttons from his uniform.

    A chance discovery revealed that he was one of a record 30 grandsons of Witheridge farm worker John Roberts who served in the Great War.

    John’s remarkable story – told in two editions of the book History Maker – provided the inspiration for this new research project.

    The Great War Forum has played a key role in turning the A-Z into reality.

    Many 'mystery soldiers' have been identified - and their war service revealed - thanks to help from members of this brilliant forum.

    The A-Z shows how 75 members of my family lost their lives – 50 in the First World War, 24 in the Second World War and one in the Second Boer War.

    Of those who died, the vast majority were killed in infantry attacks on the front line or died from wounds sustained in action.

    One soldier lost his life as a prisoner of war. Three succumbed to sickness. Six died at sea – in warship and submarine attacks. One was killed in a flying accident.

    Five – including a mother and her two daughters – were killed in Blitz and ‘Doodlebug’ attacks on London and Portsmouth.

    The youngest who went to war was Frederick ‘Fred’ Facey, who was just 14 when he served as a bugler in South Africa.

    Many who fought and died served in the New Zealand, Australian, Canadian and United States Army and Navy.

    Of the women who went to war, many served in the Women’s Auxiliary Air Force and Auxiliary Territorial Service. One was attached to a secret operations unit at Westward Ho!

    The stories of the many who did not make it home – and of those who survived, some with horrific injuries – are highlighted in a series of special features.

    They reveal:

    ·        How five members of the Roberts family fought together on a remote battlefield on the darkest day in the history of the 16th Battalion of the Devonshire Regiment

    ·        How a young soldier died in the worst maritime disaster in British History

    ·        The men decorated for their extraordinary courage in the First and Second World Wars

    ·        The eight men held as prisoners of war in Germany, Singapore, Hong Kong and Japan

    ·        How a soldier turned out to be alive and well when his ‘death’ in the Great War was announced in his local newspaper

    The A-Z is now available on a special custom-made USB flash drive. Any proceeds from sales will go to hospice charities.

    The picture shows 24 members of the Roberts family who fought in - and in many cases - died in the two world wars.

    Paul Roberts

    Roberts A-Z poster jpeg.jpg

  9. Diary of a Dispatch Rider

    Banstead100
    Latest Entry

    Continuing the diary of Corporal John Sangway, dispatch rider with XVII Corps.

     

    30th Oct

    Came into hospital with “special” flu a week ago, 23rd. Damnable. If this is typical of hospitals out here, Florence Nightingale never finished her job. I have seen disinfectant once. I have had my medicine half the times ordered. I have slept on the floor all the time in verminous and dirty blankets. There is no ventilation at night & it stinks. People play horribly on pianos outside your door. The latrine arrangements are foul & frightfully inadequate & there is no water at night to wet your parched tongue. Can’t think of any more horrors at the moment. And yet I am feeling better. God knows why!

     

    Nov 1

    Left hospital, God be thanked. When shall I get free of vermin!

  10. Test Blog

    Andy - can you see if you can add a completely new Blog Entry to this Blog, or whether you can only add a Comment to one of my existing Blog Entries.

     

    Mk

     

    1130175668_OorWullie-facesstudy-1-2.jpg.8353fc2ffa1292cfff8822f85c6e4dae.jpg

  11. I have put together a digital talk for the Petersfield Museum to mark 100 years since the death of Lt-Col Gerard Leachman on August 12th.

    Available free on YouTube for one night only,  but you will need to register via the museum website. Lots of photographs and maybe some controversial viewpoints. 😀 

    https://www.petersfieldmuseum.co.uk/whats-on/gerard-leachman-petersfields-lawrence-arabia-digital-talk

  12. Don Hedger

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    Any one seen a library card for CEF troops WWI that reads University of Vimy Ridge ~ somewhere in France this was used to educate Canadian Troops while engaged in combat.

    This is most interesting however there is simply no data that I have seen ~ although these library cards did exist 

    More info is required on this unknown subject 

  13. Le Treport Miscellaneous depots and camps
    No 3 General Hospital (opened Dec 1914).
    No 16 General Hospital (opened Feb 1915).
    No 2 Canadian General Hospital (opened Feb 1915).
    No 3 Convalescent Depot (opened June 1915).
    No 16 General Hospital (Isolation Division) (opened Dec 1915).
    No 7 Canadian Hospital (opened 1916).
    No 47 British General Hospital (opened 1916).
    No 10 BRC Hospital
    VAD Camp (opened May 1917)
    RE Workshops & Stores (Mar 1915).
    Horse Rest Camp (EU) (opened Mar 1917).
    Horse Rest Camp (MERS) (opened 1917).
    Tanks Camp (opened Sep 1917)
    POW Camp (Pont et Marais) (opened 1917).
    Army Ordnance Camp (Mers) (opened Oct 1917).
    Rifle Range (opened 1918).
    Chinese Labour Camp (Mers) (opened Jan 1918).
    Chinese Labour Camp (Criel) (opened Jan 1918).
    PoW Compound, Isolation Hospital (opened 1918).
    PoW Compound (Le Treport) (opened 1918).
    No 2 E F Canteens
    No 2 YMCA Recreation Huts
    No 1 YMCA Cinema
    No 1 Canadian RCS Recreation Hut
    No 1 Salvation Army Hut
    No 1 BRCS Recreation Hut
    No 1 Church Army Hut
    No 1 RC Church Hut
    No 4 Base Supply Depot (MT)
    Bakery
    Ammunition Wharf

  14. These are the categories that I have on my computer in bookmarks. I will update this page on a regular basis, particularly during the early phase of the "sorting into categories".

     

    These are ONLY for the British cases here on the GWF. They do not include any of the cases on the CEFSG (here).

     

    I was initially posting this information for the benefit of GWF PALS that wanted to investigate the case further and possibly take it to the reporting stage. I was not familiar enough with the Regiments and did not have access to the UK War Diaries, so I could not finish the case. With the assistance of the Long, Long Trail and now with Ance$try Worldwide, I am able to proceed. There are a number of these cases still listed in the final category below ("Other Cases Posted") and I am now in the process of working through these to move them to the other categories. Many may end up in the "Abandon or Hold" category, which I have now split. If you have looked at a report and believe it is in the wrong category, let me know.

     

    Changes to this blog include:

    • 23 November 2019 the details of acceptance or rejection during the Approvals Process have now been added, which are generally emails from the CWGC. Any team response or report updates are then uploaded to the site. This information, on how the process works, may be of benefit to other researchers.
    • 12 February 2019 the topic lists that have multiple nationalities have been sorted and classified as to their nationality
    • 25 January 2018 addition for "Short Listed Candidates". Those are the cases where is there is more than one person that fits the characteristics for the grave but the list is very short. The reason for this category is for FAMILY who may be researching an UNKNOWN, so they now know it may be their relative in that grave - but it is not a positive identification. This category has also been used where one or more of the candidates has been identified elsewhere, thus shortening the list.
    • 5 July 2018 addition of "CWGC Reports to be Submitted / Possibly Incorrect Identifications". It appears that the named person is "clearly" (not a minor question) in that grave. This has not been applied yet to cases where a recent submission (post 2000) may have misidentified an UNKNOWN (i.e. Kipling Case).
    • 8 July 2018 added "A member is looking for this soldier".
    • 22 July 2018 added "The Approvals Process", in concert with the 1st "Phase I" Approval.
    • 27 October 2018 added "Abandon or Hold / Accounted for by Special Memorial(s)" - men are listed missing but may be on a Special Memorial within a cemetery

     

    The cases are now also posted to TWITTER as:

     

    As always, I appreciate the assistance of any member who wishes to participate in these investigations. If a draft report is prepared, any member is welcome to review the document and provide comments, corrections or criticisms. If the report goes to the Submission Stage, any member that participated in the process can have their name added to the report. For that I need your Real Name, Affiliation (can be as simple as "Private Researcher") and your email address (so the CWGC can contact you directly if they wish).

     

    A list of both the Canadian and Commonwealth reports that I have submitted can be found here, with download links:

     

    The difference between the Canadian and Commonwealth reports is that initially the Canadian reports were submitted to the CWGC Canadian Agency in Ottawa for review first. If acceptable to Ottawa, they then were forwarded to the Maidenhead CWGC Office. This process was modified in January 2019 so that now all cases go directly to the CWGC Maidenhead.

     

    As cases move through the process, their place on the list below is modified. A topic might go from "New Cases" to "Reports Submitted" and then up to the "Approvals Process". There it might stay for a considerable length of time, before being marked as "Approved" or "Rejected". Once in that part of the process, additional information is added, such as a direct link to the report or review documents received from the approvals authorities (including rejections). Under the new process, a "Commonwealth Case" must make it through all three (3) phases of the approvals process. There is no information at present to indicate a "Canadian Case" would move through the process in the UK or if it would then be sent back to Ottawa.

     

     

    zzg5p2sub5zg4lf6g.jpg

    Corporal Martin Carroll #55818, Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Plot 6 Row D Grave 3

    2nd Division, 4th Infantry Brigade, 19th Infantry Battalion

    CANADIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE

    Killed in Action of 8 August 1918

    Reported Found 29 May 2015

    Rededication Service 1 December 2016

  15. Australian nurses

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    Looking for a reference book on Australian nurses in WW1? I recommend this book

     

    'More than Bombs and Bandages - Australian Army nurses at work in World War I' (Big Sky, Newport NSW, 2011).

     

    A review from a Queensland RN, Rev’d Dr Barbara Oudt:

     

    What I enjoyed most about Dr Kirsty Harris’s book is her ability to reflect those nurses voices in a way that was so real – one could be there, the settings were so well understood from her research and the language kind of made a time warp in the reading. Very satisfying. As you know I have that Peter Rees book, but I could not get into it after reading the historical one. It was like comparing a great documentary to Face Book trivia!!!

     

    Available from all good book shops, online via the publisher at http://www.bigskypublishing.com.au/…/more-than-bombs-and-b…/, (at a very reasonable price for a hard back) or read or order for your local library.

  16. Stars, Stripes and Chevrons

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  17. In December 1918 the Class Z system was introduced by the army.  This system, which released huge numbers of men very quickly, created a reserve of soldiers who would be recalled quickly to the army if the armistice was to break down.

     

    Many of the men who were discharged to the Class Z reserve had claims to pensions for disability - presumably an assessment was made that this disability would not prevent the man being useful to the army again in future.

     

    The Class Z system lead to a new pension numbering format being used for these cases.

    Class Z

    The reference under the Class Z system was in the format of Z / Corps or Regiment / Sequential Number of claim from Corps or Regiment / Surname Split.

     

    For example,

    Z/DLI/1234

    Z/MGC/1234/AtoK

  18. I have finally written up the story for my 3 x great grand father John Edwin Barnes, thanks again for everyone's help on here that have helped make this possible, cheers everyone.

     

     

    One of my “Heroes” and Favourite Ancestors the fourth in my series of blogs about my 8 great-grandparents The Life and Times of John Edwin Barnes

     

    https://chiddicksfamilytree.wordpress.com/2019/08/17/the-life-and-times-of-john-edwin-barnes/

     

  19. pjwmacro
    Latest Entry

    During the night of 30/31 July 1919, a relief column of 3rd Guides Infantry marched the 20+ miles from Parachinar to Sadda. Nearly 300 men strong, the column was based on B and D companies of 3rd Guides, supported by guns from 28th Mountain Battery and 40 additional mounted infantry from the Kurram Militia. The column was commanded by OC B Company Capt John Henry Jameson DSO. 

    The column reached Sadda on the morning of 31 July and, supported by machine guns from 22 Battery, went into action at around midday. Picquets were established on the high ground, the engine from the crashed Bristol Fighter was salvaged and the body of Lance Daffadar Miru Mian was recovered.

    By the evening, reports indicated that the tribesmen were dispersing.

    photo-54-3-guides.jpg

  20. A few have asked to be kept informed as to the publication of my diary, so here you are. It is available from Amazon as an ebook as well as in paperback format. It can be bought from Waterstones in Newcastle upon Tyne, Morpeth and Hexham, also at Cogito Books in Hexham or direct from broomfieldpublications@gmail.com for £6.99 + p&p. It is available in the Newcastle City Library, The Newcastle University Library, and the Lit & Phil Library in Newcastle. So far it is being read in the US, Germany, Australia, Spain, and France. It has yet to have any major review, but all individual reviews by private individuals are very positive indeed. Many thanks for any interest shown to date and in the future.

  21. 100 YEARS AGO TODAY: The March to the Rhine - Day 21.

     

    King George V and General William Birdwood visit the graves of several notable soldiers including, the temporary grave of Prince Maurice of Battenburg, the King's one-time equerry Major Lord Charles Mercer-Nairne, Brigadier General Francis Aylmer Maxwell VC, CSI, DSO & Bar, and Major the Hon. William George Sidney Cadogan, the equerry to the Prince of Wales. Presentation of baton of the Marshal of France to Philippe Petain at Metz, 8 December 1918. Marshal Petain, Marshal Joseph Joffre, Marshal Ferdinand Foch, General Maxime Weygand (France), Field Marshal Douglas Haig (Britain), General John Pershing (USA), General Cyriaque Gillain (Belgium), General Alberico Albricci (Italy) and General Józef Haller (Poland) awaiting the arrival of French President Raymond Poincare.

     

    General Staff - 1st Canadian Division, C.E.F.
    tpfe169ar5cjad96g.jpg

     

    13th Battalion (Royal Highlanders of Canada)
    98u3zs6dpma5scb6g.jpg
    yfa8z82c1zq1bm06g.jpg

     

    14th Battalion (The Royal Montreal Regiment)
    h1z35lh1d5c0k7d6g.jpg
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    15th Battlion (48th Highlanders of Canada), 3rd Inf. Bde, C.E.F.
    4rw0f2xcz6h3ko46g.jpg

     

    16th Battalion (Canadian Scottish), 3rd Inf. Bde, C.E.F.
    b8se9xpcq0sxxzw6g.jpg

     

    5th Canadian Divisional Artillery, C.E.F.
    1m7g08lb23an3zv6g.jpg

     

    14th Brigade C.F.A., C.E.F.
    3l4h89pbsal8wsw6g.jpg
    5zhmdh5ylye6ww26g.jpg

     

    61st Field Battery, C.F.A., 5th C.D.A., C.E.F.
    eux6m9anwzw67s96g.jpg

     

    Lt Abner Virtue - 6st Fld Bty
    xncryzxjmtod63k6g.jpg

     

    60th Field Battery, C.F.A., 5th C.D.A., C.E.F.
    brcuy4ilzkssa6o6g.jpg

     

    2asj2ex2poj2hpm6g.jpg

    Outside Recht, Photo: Edward Walshe

     

    94vjx49kqxc4dmf6g.jpg

    Recht, Photo: Edward Walshe

     

    6h4bidw1q56p94j6g.jpg

    Marcard, Photo: Edward Walshe

     

    wadlktwymq6g7ic6g.jpg

    Railway Bridge Bonn and Kirke, Photo: Edward Walshe

     

    a79fo2vu1u8tt486g.jpg

    Dedenburg & Bonn Railway Bridge, Photo: Edward Walshe

     

    zy64h32la0jn47d6g.jpg

    Outside Amel, Photo: Edward Walshe

     

    aaedigd966r8dq96g.jpg

    Amel, Photo: Edward Walshe

     

    wglsaw2lt6smt4e6g.jpg

    Moderscheid, Photo: Edward Walshe

     

    7lo7bvafiqh2bpl6g.jpg

    Outside Moderscheid, Photo: Edward Walshe

     

    pqo26qwvdfe8zvv6g.jpg

    Bullingen, Photo: Edward Walshe

     

    dgwl31v28ie7tc06g.jpg

    Outside Bullingen, Photo: Edward Walshe

     

    sjlfu4hdaxhu9ed6g.jpg

    Outside Wirtzfeld, Photo: Edward Walshe

     

    xarn44cf6d4g3566g.jpg

    Wirtzfeld, Photo: Edward Walshe

     

    qxbvtfys97e2v0c6g.jpg

    Outside Krinkelt, Photo: Edward Walshe

     

    1xce5dc6165sqw86g.jpg

    Krinkelt, Photo: Edward Walshe

     

    https://youtu.be/P7dbZQqqY60

     

     

     

     

     


     

  22. IWM 319: PONT REMY SPORTS [MAIN TITLE]
    0ohw5lv08433qn06g.jpg
    Click here for the video.

    Object description
    The competition between Army Forestry Companies from Britain, Australia, Canada and New Zealand at the Forestry Camp at Pont-Remy, France, 15th September 1918.

     

    Full description
    The soldiers watch several forms of contest. A pillow fight between two men sitting astride a log suspended over water. A tree-stump felling contest, in which the four representatives each have to cut down a stump about three metres high. A similar competition to cut through a short log lying on the ground, won by the Australian whose fellows rush forward to cheer him. He poses in his shirt, shorts and bush hat with his axe beside the trunk. A third contest, including New Zealand Maoris, in chopping down medium-sized trees. Finally a 'log rolling' contest for men keeping balance standing on a log on the river, which they cross by rolling the log forward.

     

    Production date
    1918
    Place made
    GB
    Dimensions
    whole: Number Of Items/reels/tapes 1

    Catalogue number
    IWM 319

  23. Obituary for my Grand Father Company Sergeant Major Fred Seaman No.5572, Of The 2nd Battalion Coldstream Guards

    Obituary_for_Fred_Seaman.pdf

  24. It's been a long time since my last post in this blog, so here is one interesting article.

     

     

    The Romanian 2nd Army's success at Marasti forced the Central Powers to revise their plans. The offensive planned in the Namoloasa area was abandoned and the bulk of the forces were moved in the Focsani area. The new offensive was going to be launched west of the Siret River, on the Focsani – Marasesti – Adjud direction, with the German 9th Army (general Johannes von Eben) and on the Oituz Valley with the Austro-Hungarian 1st Army (Archduke Joseph). The objective was to encircle and destroy the 2nd Army.

     

    On the other side, the Romanian General Headquarters decided to cancel its attack in the Namoloasa area. The Russian 4th Army had to be pulled out from the front in southern Moldavia and moved north, where it could threaten the flank of the Austro-German forces advancing in Galicia. The Romanian 1st Army was going to replace the Russian troops departing the area.

    For the offensive, the German 9th Army was strengthened with units brought from the French (the Alpine Corps, which arrived on 6 August) or Italian fronts. General von Eben decided to deliver the main blow with the German 1st Corps (6 divisions), while to its left the German 18th Reserve Corps (3 divisions) had to pin down the Entente troops opposite it. The right wing of the 9th Army was manned by the Ramnic Group (2 divisions). The reserve was made up of one German and one Austro-Hungarian divisions and the Alpine Corps, which arrived in the area during the first day of the battle. The German forces in the attack sector were 102 infantry battalions, 10 cavalry squadrons, 24 pioneer companies, 2 armored cars, 1,135 machine-guns, 356 mortars, 223 field guns and 122 heavy guns and howitzers.

     

    Opposite the German 1st Corps was the Russian 4th Army, which had in contact with the enemy only two corps: on the right the 8th (3 divisions) and on the left the 7th (2 divisions). The reserve was made up of one infantry and one cavalry divisions. These totaled 84 infantry battalions, 52 cavalry squadrons, 280 field guns and 36 heavy guns. The bulk of the Romanian 1st Army was at Tecuci and was getting to cross the Siret River and replace the Russians.

    The German 9th Army's offensive was preceded by a powerful artillery preparation, which began at 0430 hours on 6 August 1917. At 0730 hours the 1st Corps (general Kurt von Morgen) started the attack, with the 12th Bavarian, 76th and 89th Infantry Divisions in the first line and with another two divisions in the second echelon. The front defended by the Russian 13th and 34th Infantry Divisions was broken and 10 km breach was created. The Russians started a disorderly retreat east of the Siret River. At the request of the Russian command, general Constantin Christescu, CO of the 1st Army, ordered maj. general Eremia Grigorescu, CO of the Romanian 6th Corps, to intervene west of the Siret with the 5th Infantry Division and with the 9th Infantry Division to defend the river's eastern bank. The 32nd Dorobanti Regiment Mircea and the 8th Dorobanti Regiment Buzau counterattacked and stopped the Central Powers offensive on the line Moara Alba – Doaga – Furceni.

     

    Seeing that the chances to force the crossing over the river are minimal, in the morning of 7 August, the German command redirected the offensive to the north, with four divisions. The effort was concentrated against the Romanian 5th Infantry Division, but the assault was repulsed. However, a bulge was created at the junction with the Russian troops, but the situation was saved by the counterattack of two battalions from the division's reserve. At noon, after a short artillery preparation, the enemy renewed the attack enjoying a 3 to 1 numerical superiority. The 3rd Vanatori Regiment held out in the Doaga village against an entire German division. The same thing happened in the sector of the 32nd Dorobanti Regiment Mircea. The soldiers in this unit made several bayonet charges only in their shirts, because of the suffocating heat, managing to push back the Germans to their positions. In the evening, the 1st Corps attacked and broke through the front of the Russian division on the right flank of the Romanian 5th Division. Threatened with the encirclement, the 32nd Regiment retreated to the Cosmesti Bridge. To fill the gap created, the Romanian 9th Infantry Division was introduced west of the Siret River. It was continuously attacked. In the evening of 7 August, under the cover of darkness, a German group approached and assaulted the 9th Division's flank, engaging into hand-to-hand fights. The Romanians abandoned Doaga and retreated to the outskirts of the Prisaca Forest, where a new defensive line was established. That day the 5th Division lost 44 officers and 1,770 soldiers (dead, wounded and missing). The front moved back 2-3 km.

    On 8 August, general von Eben changed the attack sector to the west, on the front held by Russian units. In the evening, during the second assault, they were forced to retreat. A Russian regiment was almost completely destroyed. The Romanian front was bombarded and the attack on the 5th and 9th Infantry Divisions resumed the following day. On 9 August 1917, the German effort was increased. The assault started at 1900 hours, after a powerful artillery preparation, which caused many casualties to the 9th Division. Its troops were only able to dig foxholes, because the ground was very dry and hard to dig. The Germans again took heavy casualties because of the Romanian and Russian artillery situated on the eastern bank of the Siret River, which was firing directing into the attackers' flank. However, the first line of the Romanian defense was pierced in several spots, but reserves intervened and repulsed them after some very violent fighting. The 34th Regiment, which faced the 12th Bavarian Division, held out against three consecutive assaults. Only the 2nd Battalion, under the command of Major Gheorghe Mihail, the future Chief of the General Staff in 1940 and 1944, remained in the first line. It counterattacked and captured 62 prisoners and two machine-guns. The unit's battle flag was decorated later with Mihai Viteazul Order 3rd class. The same award was bestowed upon the regiment's CO, colonel Virgiliu Dumbrava, as well the 2nd Battalion's CO. But the casualties were heavy: 35 officers and 1,551 soldiers. The 36th Regiment lost 36 officers and 954 soldiers. Also, the 7th and 32nd Dorobanti Regiments suffered many casualties. During the night, at 0200 hours, another assault took place and the Germans managed to push back for several hundred meters the 9th Division and the right wing of the 5th Division. The neighboring Russian division was also forced to retreat, but the Russian 4th Army counterattacked and captured 2,500 prisoners and recovered the lost ground.

    The last failures had weakened the German 9th Army. Thus, general von Eben strengthened the 1st Corps with a new division and the 18th Reserve Corps with the Alpine Corps.

     

    On 10 August, it was the Entente's turn to attack. General Christescu and general Ragoza, the CO of the Russian 4th Army, decided to strike each with a corps of two divisions the bulge in the German line. During the morning, the 9th Army attacked the Russian sector, but gained little ground. At 1700 hours, the allied infantry started the assault, after a long artillery preparation. The 9th Infantry Division took the first German trenches, but because of the losses it had to abandon them. Reinforced with a regiment form the Romanian 13th Infantry Division, it resumed the attack, but again without success. The 5th Infantry Division and a regiment of the 14th Infantry Division managed to get inside the German positions, but could keep them. The 8th Dorobanti and 3rd Vanatori Regiments managed to enter the Doaga village, but were repulsed. The situation was similar in the sector of the Russian 4th Army. However the offensive had reduced the combat potential of the German 76th, 89th and 115th Infantry Divisions, which had suffered the brunt of the assault. These were already exhausted after several days of failed attacks. The report of general von Eben to the Army Group CO, marshal von Mackensen, mentions the fact that the 216th Infantry Division had suffered many casualties because of the flank bombardment of the Romanian artillery yon the eastern bank of the Siret.

    For the following day, general Christescu imposed a limited objective to the 6th Corps: the Doaga – Susita Valley. The Russian 4th Army had decided to remain on the defensive. The Germans attacked in its sector at 1600 hours, after a three hour artillery preparation, and again forced the Russian troops to retreat. At 1630 hours, the Romanian 9th Infantry Division began the assault without knowing the situation in the neighboring sector. After the Russian retreat the flank was exposed. The division's CO sent a battalion to extend the line. The Germans were advancing on Marasesti and the situation became extremely dangerous for the Entente.

    The 9th Vanatori Regiment, which was in the division's reserve, was quickly brought in and set up positions in the factory north of the town. It managed to stop the German troops that were threatening to encircle the 9th Infantry Division. For this action, lt. col. Gheorghe Rasoviceanu, the regiment's CO, was awarded the Mihai Viteazul Order 3rd class. A regiment of the 13th Infantry Division, from the 6th Crops' reserve, established the link with the Russians. The 5th Infantry Division attacked in the Doaga area, but the 7th and 8th Dorobanti Regiments failed to enter the village. The same day, maj. general Eremia Grigorescu was named at the command of the 1st Army.

    Noticing that the troops of the German 1st Corps were exhausted, general von Eben decided to assign the main strike to the 18th Reserve Corps of maj. gen. Kurt von Wenniger, which had suffered fewer losses and was less tired. Thus, on 12 August, the 9th German Army attacked with small forces the 5th Infantry Division, in order to pin it down, and concentrated its forces against the Russian 4th Army, taking Panciu. Following this failure, general Ragoza wanted to retreat the Russian-Romanian front north of Marasesti., but abandoned the idea at maj. gen. Eremia Grigorescu's pleas. Lt. gen. Constantin Prezan, the Chief of the General Staff, decided to replace the Russian 7th Corps with the Romanian 5th Corps (10th and 13th Infantry Divisions) and to put the Russian 8th Corps under the command of the Romanian 1st Army. The staff of the Russian 4th Army was retreated to Bacau from where it was reassigned to another front.

     

    On 13 August, the 18th Reserve Corps attacked the Russian troops north of Panciu, but failed to make any breakthrough. The following day, general von Eben ordered the 1st Corps to eliminate the Romanian bulge in the area of the Prisaca Forest and take the bridge over the Siret River at Cozmesti. In the same time, the 18th Reserve Corps had to attack on the Zabraut Valley. After powerful artillery preparation commenced the assault on the Russian 8th Corps' positions. Brig. gen. Henri Cihoski, CO of the 10th Infantry Division, sent the 10th Vanatori Regiment as help. It surprised the Alpine Corps and caused it important casualties, some in vicious hand-to-hand combat.

     

    The vanatori managed to take Hill 334, but were forced to retreat following a powerful artillery bombardment. The 38th Infantry Regiment Neagoe Basarab also intervened and its CO, col. Gheorghe Cornescu, received the Mihai Viteazul Order 3rd class for the counterattack that stopped the German offensive, which threatened to penetrate in the Susita Valley, behind the Romanian 2nd Army. The Russian 8th Corps was forced to pull back north of Iresti and Straoani.

     

    The 5th Infantry Division, at the other end of the front, had been reduced to one third of its initial size during the last days of fighting. The positions in the Prisaca Forest were heavily bombarded by German artillery. At 1700 hours the assault began with two divisions and forced the Romanian troops to retreat. The division's reserves, as well as a regiment form the 14th Infantry Division, in the army's reserve, intervened and stopped the German advance north of the Prisaca Forest. The bridge at Cozmesti was blown up, as the Romanian engineers had built another two to the north. The exhausted 5th Infantry Division was pulled out of the first line.

     

    On 15 August, the 18th Reserve Corps continued the offensive and managed to create a breach at the junction between the 10th Infantry Division and the Russian division to its right. The 10th Vanatori Regiment, supported by 10 Romanian and 3 Russian batteries, counterattacked and reestablished the situation. However, with its left wing, the 18th Corps took Muncel, forcing theRussians to pull back. Thus the link between the two Romanian armies was threatened. The 2ndArmy attacked with the "Colonel Alexiu" Detachment made up of 2 vanatori battalions, 2 infantry battalions and 3 artillery batteries, which, together with a Russian cavalry division, retook control of the village. The following day, the Germans occupiued half of Muncel, but were again forced to retreat after the assault of col. Alexandru Alexiu's men.

     

    The days of 17 and 18 August were calm. The losses suffered by both sides, forced the commanders to reorganize their units. Maj. gen. Eremia Grigorescu replaced the 14th Infantry Division, which was deployed east of the Siret River, with the 1st and 6th Rosiori Brigades and the hard pressed 5th Infantry Division with the 2nd Cavalry Division. The latter and the two brigades formed the Cavalry Corps. The 14th Infantry Division was moved on the northern bank of the Siret River in the Cozmestii de Vale area. Also, the army's heavy artillery was redeployed so that it could better cover the sector of the 5th Corps (10th, 13th and 9th Infantry Divisions). The 1st Army's reserve was made up of the 15th Infantry Division and of the 5th Infantry Division, under reorganization. On the other side, at the intervention of marshal von Mackensen, general von Eben grouped 7 infantry divisions under the command of the German 1st Corps and subordinated almost all the heavy artillery of the 9th Army to it. These forces totalized 55 battalions and 95 batteries.

     

    On 19 August, the Germans resumed the offensive, attacking with the 1st Corps towards Marasesti and with 18th Reserve Corps on the Panciu-Muncel direction. The main effort was concentrated in the sector between Marasesti and the Razoare Forest, defended by the Romanian 9th and 13th Infantry Divisions, the latter being assaulted by three enemy divisions. The artillery preparation started at 0630 hours in the area of the trenches of the 47/72nd, 51/52nd and 50/64th Infantry Regiments, from the first line of the 13th Infantry Division, and at the western outskirts of Marasesti, where the 9th Vanatori Regiment of the 9th Infantry Division was located. It lasted for two hours and was the most violent artillery bombardment of the entire battle. At 0900 hours the first assaults small scale began and were easily repulsed. After 1100 hours a very powerful attack started. The main blow was delivered north of the Razoare Forest, at the junction of the 13th and 10th Infantry Divisions. The 10th Infantry Division was attacked by the 13th Austro-Hungarian Division, which failed to breakthrough the Romanian lines.

     

    The 13th Infantry Division, commanded by brig. gen. Ioan Popescu, was the Romanian unit that saw the most action that day. It occupied a front 6 km wide, with the 47/72nd Infantry Regiment at the south-western edge of the Razoare Forest, the 50/64th Infantry Regiment in the Negroponte Vineyards and the 51/52nd Infantry Regiment in the middle. The reserve was made up of one battalion of the 50/64th Regiment and the 48/49th Regiment. 15 Romanian and 15 Russian batteries provided artillery support.

     

    The attack started at 0900 hours. In the sector of the 47/72nd Infantry Regiment, the German assaults failed one after another. The 1st Battalion was situated on the left wing, south of the Razoare Forest. It was attacked by the 28th Bavarian Infantry Regiment (from the 12th Bavarian Division) and by units of the German 89th and 115th Divisions. The 2nd Battalion, on the right wing, was assaulted by the Austro-Hungarian 13th Infantry Division. The 3rd Battalion was kept in reserve. The regiment's CO, lt. col. Radu Rosetti, the former chief of the Operations Bureau of the General Staff in 1916, was wounded at a leg during the fighting. At the center, the 51/52nd Regiment was situated in an open position ands was also powerfully attacked. It had to pull back. The Germans tried to use the momentum and infiltrate behind the positions of the two regiments on the flanks of the Romanian 13th Infantry Division. The 3rd Battalion/47/72nd Infantry Regiment, under the command of maj. Draganescu counterattacked and stopped their advance. The reserves of the 51/52nd Regiment joined the fight directed by the unit's CO, lt. col. Ioan Cristofor, buying time for the reinforcements sent by the division to arrive. The 1st Machine-gun Company commanded by cpt. Grigore Ignat, stubbornly held its position, being almost totally destroyed. Its CO was posthumously awarded the Mihai Viteazul Order 3rd class. However, the Germans advanced towards Hill 100, behind which the allied artillery was situated. The 50/64th Regiment had to pull back its right wing, because of the enemy advance in the sector of the 51/52nd Regiment. Lt. col. Diamandi Genuneanu, the 50/64th Regiment's CO, organized the defense south of Hill 100 and managed to hold out against two Bavarian regiments for two hours.

    General Popescu organized the counterattack against the German forces closing in on Hill 100. The 2 battalions in reserve, together with the 3rd Battalion/47/72nd Regiment and other units attacked from several different directions the German 115th Infantry Division, which had infiltrated between the Razoare Forest and the Negroponte Vineyards. The artillery of the 10th Infantry Division also intervened in the fighting at that moment, at the orders of the army's CO. The 1st Battalion/50/64th Regiment, commanded by cpt. Nicolae Miclescu, emerged from the Negroponte Vineyards and surprised the German infantry in the area and pushed it back to towards the Razoare Forest. Cpt. Miclescu was wounded during the action. He was later awarded the Mihai Viteazul Order 3rd class. The 3rd Battalion/47/72nd Infantry Regiment and the 2nd Battalion/48/49th Infantry Regiment joined the battle. The resistance at the edge of the Razoare Forest was broken following a violent bayonet charge. The Germans started a disorderly retreat. The entire 47/72nd Infantry Regiment started a counterattack, followed soon by the 39th Infantry Regiment (from 10th Infantry Division). The German troops retreated towards the Susita Valley, dragging along the units of the Austro-Hungarian 13th Division. The Romanians captured the first line of the enemy positions, but the advanced was stopped by maj. general Eremia Grigorescu, because von Eben had already started to deploy his reserves.

     

    The 10th Division and, especially, the 13th Division had achieved a great victory. The commanders of the two divisions, as well as the commanders of the 47/72nd, 50/64th and 51/52nd Regiments were awarded the Mihai Viteazul Order 3rd class. Another 7 officers received this high distinction for the fighting on 19 August. The 39th Infantry Regiment Petru Rares captured 376 POWs and 7 machine-guns and advanced 500 m on a 4 km wide front. The 47/72nd Infantry Regiment took 209 POWs and 4 machine-guns. But the losses were high. The same regiment lost 880 men (99 killed, 300 wounded and 481 missing). The regiment's flag, as well as those of the other hard pressed units on 19 August were also decorated with the Mihai Viteazul Order 3rd class.

    The same day, the Germans attacked the sector of the 9th Infantry Division, situated south of the 13th Division. It had been reduced to 4,500 men in the previous days of hard fighting. In the first line were the 9th Vanatori Regiment on the right wing and the 40th Infantry Regiment Calugareni on the left wing. After a powerful artillery preparation, two German infantry divisions started their attack. Following some heavy fighting in the ruins of the factory north of Marasesti, the 9th Vanatori Regiment was forced to fall back towards the city. The 40th Infantry Regiment also abandoned its first positions. The 9th Division reformed the front on the line south Negroponte Vineyards – Marasesti Railroad Station – south Marasesti, which it held against the enemy assaults, with the help of the artillery of the 14th Infantry Division from the eastern bank of the Siret River, firing directly in the German flank.

     

    Because of the failure of its army to take the objectives on 19 August, general von Eben decided that the continuation of the offensive was no longer possible. A week of pause followed, which both sides used for reorganizing. The 9th Army again changed the attack sector. The 18th Reserve Corps was strengthened with 3 divisions and the entire heavy artillery at the army's disposal. The Romanian 1st Army received the 11th Infantry Divison. Maj. general Eremia Grigorescu redeployed his forces. Thus, the Russian 8th Corps formed the army's right wing in the Muncelul area. It had two divisions in the first line and another two reforming in the back. The Romanian 5th Corps (10th and 15th Infantry Divisions) held the front all the way to Marasesti Railroad Station, where it linked up with the 3rd Corps (14th Infantry Division), situated between Marasesti and the Siret River. East of the river was the Cavalry Corps (1st and 6th Rosiori Brigades, 2nd Cavalry Division and one brigade of the 5th Infantry Division). The army's reserve was made up of the 9th, 11th and 13th Infantry Divisions and the other brigade of the 5th Division.

     

    The offensive of the 18th Corps started in the sector of the Russian 8th Corps on 28 August. At 0900 hours the German troops infiltrated between the two Russian divisions and forced them to retreat. Two regiments of the Romanian 3rd Infantry Division from the 2nd Army intervened and managed to stop the German advance together with the Russian reserves. The following day, general Grigorescu prepared an attack in the Muncelul area, aimed at eliminating the bulge created by the Germans. He put at the disposal of the Russian 8th Corps another Russian division, as well as the Romanian 9th Infantry Division, a regiment from the 13th and another from the 15th Division. The two regiments from the 2nd Army were also supposed to participate in this action.

     

    The assault started at 0800 hours, from the north and west, but found the Germans ready for an attack of their own and it was repulsed. The second one, around 1700 hours, was also repulsed. The Germans forced the right wing of the Russian 124th Division to pull back. Two battalions from the 2nd Army intervened and managed to stop the enemy advance during the night. The 11th and 13th Infantry Divisions were brought behind the threatened areas. The 5th Division crossed to on the western bank of the Siret River. On 30 August, the German 18th Reserve Corps resumed the attack and its troops managed to get between the 18th Dorobanti Regiment Gorj and the 2nd Vanatori Regiment of the 2nd Army. The 34th Infantry Regiment Constanta, belonging to the 9th Division from the 1st Army, counterattacked and plucked in the breach.

     

    The Russian 8th Corps was strengthened with the 13th Infantry Division on 31 August, when, because of the weather, there was no fighting. General Eremia Grigorescu subordinated the 9th Infantry Division and a Russian division to the CO of the 13th Division, brig. general Ioan Popescu. This group attacked on 1 September. The artillery preparation started at 0600 hours, with all the artillery available to the group, as well as with the artillery of the other two Russian divisions and the army's heavy artillery. After one hour, the 9th and 13th Divisions attacked from the west and the 3rd Infantry Division (belonging to the 2nd Army), commanded by brig. general Alexandru Margineanu, from the north. After some heavy fighting, the 13th Division advanced up t o200 m of Muncelul. The 18th Corps counterattacked in the sector of the 3rd Infantry Division, but was repulsed. The following day, the same 3rd Division suffered the brunt of the 9th Army's strike. The main objective was the Porcului Hill, defended by the 30th Dorobanti Regiment Muscel. It lost the positions, but they were retaken following the counterattack of the division's reserves and of a Russian regiment. It was the last major operation of the German 9th Army in the Marasesti sector.

     

    The offensive of the 1st Army in the Muncelul area was resumed on 3 September. The 11th Infantry Division was subordinated to the General Popescu Group, entering the first line beside the 9th and 13th Divisions. The Russian division and the regiments of the 2nd Army formed the reserve. The plan was to attack frontally with the 9th Division and a brigade of the 11th, while the 13th Division and the other brigade of the 11th Division were going to attack the Muncelul village, threatening the enemy flank. The artillery preparation started at 0630 hours and at 0800 hours the 13th Infantry Division started the assault, but could not make any progress. The same happened in the sector of the 9th Division. A second artillery preparation, which lasted for an hour and a half, and some violent hand-to-hand fighting were necessary for the 13th Infantry Division to occupy the eastern edge of the Muncelul village. But the Romanian losses that day were heavy: about 2,700 men.

     

    This was the last day of the battle of Marasesti, both sides deciding to adopt a defensive attitude on the entire front. The Romanian 1st Army had lost 610 officers and 26,800 NCOs and soldiers, while the German 9th Army had lost about 47,000. Forty Mihai Viteazul Orders 3rd class were awarded for deeds accomplished during the fighting around Marasesti. Maj. general Eremia Grigorescu received the Mihai Viteazul 2nd class. Also, the flags of no less than 9 regiments were decorated with the Mihai Viteazul 3rd class. The fighting continued with little intensity the following days, with local attacks and counterattacks. In one of these clashes, on the Secuiului Hill on 5 September, the volunteer Ecaterina Teodoroiu was killed by machine-gun fire, while leading her platoon. On the other side, on 8 September, maj. general Kurt von Wenniger, CO of the German 18th Reserve Corps, was killed by an artillery shell in the Muncelul area.

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