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Broenbeek (Flanders/Belgium)


Malte Znaniecki

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Broenbeek

Detail British map , october 1917;

German strongpoints and trenches are mainly across the Broenbeek.

Above Koekuit is Vee bend, (not indicated)

Running to the right is the railway Ypres-Staden, with Namur Crossing (not indicated).

In september 1917 the Broenbeek was a swollen stream with marshy banks and the passage was difficult in view of the enemy. At some places the width of the water was 20 feet.

The main line of British defense was south of the Broenbeek, but advanced post were in Ney Wood and in Ney Copse.

Regards,

Cnock

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Broenbeek- Detail of German aerial photo, august 1917

The boggy ground at the Broenbeek with its shot up banks.

The bright dots are waterfilled shell holes.

The 3 nights before the attack of the Guards Division on 9/10/1917, the R.E. and 4/Coldstreams (Divisional Pioneers) carried forward 355 mats, 180 infantry bridges, etc.

The Gu

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Pic of post nr.6

The Guards Division attacked on 9/10/1917 after an artillery barrage across the Broenbeek towards Houthulst Forrest.

The Broenbeek prooved far easier to cross than was expected, while most Germans surrendered without a fight.

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Along the Broenbeek.

Private Monument for Adjudant André Lalliavin and Brigadier Emilien Girault of 2nd Chasseurs d'Afrique, kia 9/10/1917

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Broenbeek, Northern bank

Ney Copse, with part wall of former German bunker

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Vee Bend - former German strongpoint with a cluster of bunkers

Last remaining German bunker.

Captured on 9/10/1917, some 35 Germans with 3 machine guns surrendered here to 2/Coldstreams.

post-7723-1128086401.jpg

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Harelbeke British Military Cemetery

Grave of Guardsman Michael KINSELLA, 2 Bn Irish Guards,

died as a prisoner of his wounds on 13/9/1917, and was at first buried at Hooglede.

On 13/9/1917 the 2 Bn Irish Guards had advanced posts on the norther side of the Broenbeek at Ney Wood and Ney Copse.

In the moring the Germans put down a heavy barrage , and afterwards stormed the positions.

The Irish Guardsmen who had survived the bombardment first checked the German attack, but had later to withdraw.

Afterwards it was decided to bring back all isolated posts on the northern side of the Broenbeek to the southern bank.

post-7723-1128087008.jpg

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Langemark - Ruisseau Farm Cem

Guardsmen Charles Young and Harry Bolton,

2nd Bn Grenadier Guards, kia 8/10/1917 before the attack of 9/10/1917 across the Broenbeek to Houthulst Forrest.

On 8/10/1917 the 2nd Bn Grenadier Guards were waiting in a steady rain, followed by a miserable night. Patrols went out to look for points were the leading waves of the attack could wade across the Broenbeek.

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During the fighting at the Broenbeek and Houthulst Forrest in late 1917, low-flying German planes of the Schutzstaffeln raided the horse lines and other transport, camps and attacked British infantry going to the frontlines.

In attachment pic of Halbertstadt CL.II, suited for attack of ground targets.

One of the German tactics was to follow British contact-patrol planes, and when British infantry indicated their positions with flares, the Germans dropped immediately white flares near the British positions, to mark them for German artillery shoots.

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Cement House Cemetery, Langemark

Lance Corporal Leonard TAYLOR, 4th Bn Worcestershire Rgt., kia 9/10/1917.

On 9/10/1917, the 88th Brigade including 4/Worcesters attacked along the railway Ypres-Staden towards Namur Crossing.

Starting the attack at the right of side of 2 Bn Grenadier Guards, Bear Copse was taken and the Broenbeek was crossed.

Pvte Dancox won a V.C., capturing single handed a pill box at Namur Crossing

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Elverdinge - Canada Farm Cemetery

2nd Lt. John Archibald Dickie MILNE, 2 Bn Scots Guards,

kia 11/10/1917.

When the second Bn Scots Guards moved up on 11/10/1917 to take part in the fighting beyond the Broenbeek, 'G' Company ran in a heavy German barrage before reaching the Broenbeek. MILNE and others got wounded.

During the night the whole area was shelled with H.E. and gas. There were more than 80 casualties, mostly from gas.

Mustard gas from the bombardment during 11-12/10/1917 was still hanging around on 13/10/1917 and causing further casualties(blisters).

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Proven - Mendinghem British Cem

Anton Schlotmann of I.R. 477, died 15/10/1917 as a pow.

With Infanterie Rgts nrs.417 and 441, IR 477 was part of the 227 th Division.

It was at the Broenbeek on 8/10/1917, and suffered heavy losses until 15/10/17, when it was removed. 227th Division had a mediocre combat value.

When on 9/10/1917 the Guards Division crossed the Broenbeek, 227th Division made a poor resistance. Many hurried forward to surrender.

Germans were seen holding their hands out to help guardsmen in places where crossing was difficult, helping the guardsmen out of the mud.

Regars,

Cnock

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  • 1 month later...

No 14

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broenbeek00011mx.jpg

Source:

Die 26. Reserve-Division im Weltkrieg 1914/18 / zusammengest. u. hrsg. v. ehem. Stabe d. 26. Res.Div. - Stuttgart : [von Stähle & Friedel], 1920

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No 15

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broenbeek00054lc.jpg

Source:

Die 26. Reserve-Division im Weltkrieg 1914/18 / zusammengest. u. hrsg. v. ehem. Stabe d. 26. Res.Div. - Stuttgart : [von Stähle & Friedel], 1920

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No 16

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broenbeek00033ho.jpg

Source:

Die 26. Reserve-Division im Weltkrieg 1914/18 / zusammengest. u. hrsg. v. ehem. Stabe d. 26. Res.Div. - Stuttgart : [von Stähle & Friedel], 1920

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No 17

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broenbeek00044dy.jpg

Source:

Die 26. Reserve-Division im Weltkrieg 1914/18 / zusammengest. u. hrsg. v. ehem. Stabe d. 26. Res.Div. - Stuttgart : [von Stähle & Friedel], 1920

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No 18

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broenbeek00020jm.jpg

Source:

Die 26. Reserve-Division im Weltkrieg 1914/18 / zusammengest. u. hrsg. v. ehem. Stabe d. 26. Res.Div. - Stuttgart : [von Stähle & Friedel], 1920

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Hello,

See my previous post nr.11

NEY WOOD was for the Gemans TOTENWÄLDCHEN.

The Guards were indeed attacked by 200 Württemberg storm troops of 26th Reserve Division, wearing body armour. (History of the Guards Division - C.Headlam)

Regards,

Cnock

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