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Royal Artillery information

 

 

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ianjonesncl

A fascinating find by Martin G.

Marching troops Woolwich

It starts with drill on the square at the Royal Artillery Barracks Woolwich, something I was familiar with, then onto gun drill which looks like the drill sheds near Repository Road.

RFA Battery coming into action

The Battery comming into action is fascinating. It certainly brings home the importance of horses as they dominate the scene. The battery Commander riding in the lead, director deployed, then the battery comes into action. It looks to be a full battery including the ammunition limbers, interesting to see ammunition supply. The all grey detachment certainly stnads out. Back to barracks and a well deserved drink for the horses. One presumes the soldiers would indulge later - Kings Arms per chance !

Anti Aicraft gun drill

The mounted anti-aircraft gun in and out of action drill provides a good insight into the detaled workings of the RGA AA detachments. The opening titles designate this as

4.7 inch Gun Drill

Then the heaviy battery into action with their 4.7 inch guns , again horses dominate.

Cheering Gunners

A fine wave off at the end, though not convinced on the sitting on the Colours !.

ianjonesncl

Remembered Today: Gunner William George VIZER, 157th Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery who died on 12th May 1918, Sandpits British Cemetery, Fouquereuil

:poppy:CWGC Information

VIZER, WILLIAM GEORGE

Rank: Gunner

Service No: 78473

Date of Death: 12/05/1918

Age: 26

Regiment/Service: Royal Garrison Artillery

157th Siege Bty.

Grave Reference I. H. 2.

Cemetery SANDPITS BRITISH CEMETERY, FOUQUEREUIL

Additional Information:

Son of the late William George and Annie Vizer, of Minety, Wilts.

Died of wounds 12th May 1918. Age 26

William George Vizer attested to the Royal Garrison Artillery at the Citadel, Plymouth aged 24 years and 7 months. His service record shows him as a Hotel Manager . His records contain two medical records. His first, undated but appears to be on enlistment, records him having a misplaced toe on his left foot, and that he should be employed on "Garrison Duties only". The next entry records his death from wounds on active service , so clearly William George managed to get to the front line.

He was attested 8th December 1915 and went to the Reserve, so presumably he was a volunteer under the Derby Scheme. He was mobilised to no 8 8 Depot RGA in May 1916, with his second medical record for March 1916 mentioning nothing about his foot problem. On 12th May 1916 he was sent to the BEF, joining 148 Siege Battery 22nd May 1917. A period at base from 14th July to 25th July 1917, before posting to 81 Siege Battery. He was wounded in September 1917, another period at base, then leave via Bologna, joining 157 Siege Battery 3rd December 1917.

Info from Ron Clifton

157 Siege Battery RGA (four 6" howitzers) first appears in the order of battle in France in Dec 1916, as part of Fifth Army Artillery. It spent 1917 in the Ypres Salient, mostly with Fifth Army, throughout 1917, being attached to various Heavy Artillery Groups. In Feb 1918 when HAGs were re designated Brigades RGA, 157 SB became part of 70 (9;2" Howitzer) Brigade RGA, in which it remained for the rst of 1918, mostly as part of First Army.

First army were in the area south of Armentiers in May 1918. Gunner William George Vizer died of wounds at the 7th Field Ambulance 12th May 1918 aged 26. He is buried at SANDPITS BRITISH CEMETERY, FOUQUEREUIL. CWGC records the cemetery was begun by XIII Corps at the outset of the German advance in April 1918, and continued to be used by them until September 1918.

His grave can be viewed on the War Graves Photographic Project:

http://twgpp.org/inf....php?id=2738913

William George had no immediate family, his personal effects, plaque and medals being sent to his grandfather, John Goodwin. It would seem William George was a religious man, religious medals and a rosary being among his belongings.

:poppy: RIP George William

ianjonesncl

4th Highland Mountain Brigade, RGA

A number of postings have been made reagrding the 4th Highland Mountain Brigade RGA and it's constituent sub units. An excellent photo from Mike (aka CSMMo) shows the 4th Highland Mountain Brigade with TOS and RA badge. Having spent a considerable time wearing a TOS / Balmoral as a Gunner I thought this was unique to 204 (Tyneside Scottish) Battery Royal Artillery.

A Mountain Gun in Action reduced.JPG

On the formation of the Territorial Force, the 4th (Highland) Mountain Brigade RGA was the only Royal Garrison Artillery Brigade. All other volunteer units were formed into heavy batteries, or companies for Defended Ports [Fredericks ‘Lineage Book of British Land Forces’ page 696].

The Territorial Force were formed for a home defence role, the 51st (Highland) Division with the highly mountainous area felt they required specialist mountain artillery in their order of battle.

Formed at Tarbet, Loch Fyne in October 1908, the unit consisted of:

(Source: Army List 1914)

Headquarters - Russel Street, Rothesay

Argyllshire (Mountain) Battery - Campbeltown

Ross and Cromarty (Mountain) Battery - Lochcarron,Ross-shire

Buteshire Mountain Battery - Rothesay

4th (Highland) Ammunition Column - Tarbert, Loch Fyne

Source: http://www.butesonsa...k/battery.shtml

The Brigade headquarters was in Rothesay (on Russell Street) as was the Headquarters and one section of the Buteshire Mountain Battery (with their drill hall located nearby, off of High Street), the other section being split between Largs and Millport. The Argyll Battery had one section in Oban and another in Campbeltown. The Ross Battery had elements in Stornoway, Lochcarron and Dingwall, while the Ammunition Column was headquartered in Tarbert, Loch Fyne.

These men worked hard to become qualified Mountain Gunners, imbued in the unique mountain mission. This mission, although originally assigned to them because of the defence needs of the Highlands, would cause them to be used in a very special way in the upcoming World War.

The brigade used Highland Garron Ponies to transport their 10 pounder screw gun.

They entered active service in August 1914 with 130 horses. Each gun section, which accounted for two of the battery's four guns, was allotted 68 horses, while its ammunition column required an additional 19. The Battery also assumed feeding and cleaning responsibilities and veterinary care as well as shoeing and blacksmith responsibilities for all of these animals.

10pounderMountainGunPostcardSergtPaterson.jpg

http://landships.act...gun-walkaround/

http://en.wikipedia....er_Mountain_Gun

On mobilisation, the Brigade move south into England and concentrated with the rest of the Division at Bedford. As the Western Front developed into static trench warfare, there was no real requirement for light mountain guns, consequently the 4th (Highland) Mountain Brigade RGA left the 51st (Highalnd) Division in March 1915 and became part of the 29th Division bound for Alexandria in Egypt.

http://warmemscot.s4...post-24673.html

Great War Forum

4th Highland Mountain Brigade, RGA

4th Highland Mountain Brigade Royal Garrison Artillery

Argyll Mountain Battery

Ross Mountain Battery

Bute Mountain Battery

ianjonesncl

As ever an interesting find by Mike aka Skipman.

First principles of tactics and organisation, with reference to the Field service regulations; for officers and N.C.O.'s of the New Army Special Reserve and Territorial Forces (1915)

http://archive.org/d...pleso00sleeuoft

An interesting and informative background to the Operation of the British Army, though more in keeping with 1914 - open manoeuvre warefare. However I am not sure how much use some of the information would be in 1915 for those posted to the Western Front, which time was by then, in a status of positional warfare. It is not until page 100 that "Notes on Trenches from the Experience of the Present War." that the needs of trench warfare are addressed, with 7 pages on the subject.

There are a number of references to the experiences in South Africa and the Russo-Japenese war showing the influences on the development of doctrine at that time, though I can not get my head around the anology of the Rugby Football team on page 51.The Combat Appreciation methodology is also interesting, still the principle of Aims / Factors / Courses Open / Selected Course. The use of the "fifth arm", does bring a more up to date feel to the publication, though again not sure if Arabs shooting at Spanish aircraft is a good anecdote. Supprisingly, no reference is made to the use of aircraft in the direction of artillery fire.

It is also interesting that the Artillery section details the regular army organisation of 6 gun batteries equipped with 18 pounders and 4.5 inch howitzers, rather than 4 gun batteries of the TF with 15 pounder BLC and 5 inch howitzers, given the publication is aimed at the Territorial Force.

Chapter 2 provides an insight on the mechanisms of command and control. The importance of clarity of orders is emphasised ! This should be written as if it is a cablegram costing 7/6 a word to send. Even in todays money 37p per word is still quite a good maxim for the importance.

Useful Staff Guidelines at page 44 for movement on roads.

Extracted Artillery Information:

ARTILLERY

Tactical Suh-division and Organisation of Artillery.

The artillery of an army in the fielji consists mainly of Field Artillery (R.F.A.), the bulk of which, in our army, is armed with the 18-pounder quick-firing gun. The remainder of our Field Artillery is armed with the 4.5 inch quick-firing howitzer. In a division of our expeditionary force there are nine field batteries of 18-pounders, three field batteries of 4.5-inch howitzers, and one heavy artillery battery (of four 60-pr.B.L. guns). In field batteries the gun detachments arecarried on the carriages.

There are also Horse Artillery (R.H.A.) batteries in a field army, whose role is to work in conjunction with the cavalry.The horse artillery of our army is armed with a 13-pounder quick-firing gun, and the gun detachments are mounted on horseback. In the cavalry division of our expeditionary force there are four R.H.A. batteries.—(F.S. Regs., pages15—18).

For manoeuvre, a battery (horse or field) is divided into :

(1). The firing battery.

(2). The first line wagons.

The " firing battery " consists of 6 guns and 6 ammunition wagons. The wagons of the firing battery always accompany its guns.

The " first line wagons " consist of 6 more ammunition wagons. These constitute the first reserve of ammunition available for replenishment, and are kept some little distancein rear of their battery when in action.

The battery is commanded by a major, who has a captain to assist him. Each pair of guns (1 and 2, 3 and 4, 5 and 6) is termed a " section," and is commanded by a subaltern. Each section consists of two sub-sections each under a sergeant (called No. 1). The usual order of march is column of route (i.e., each gunfollowed by its two wagons).

The establishment of a R.H.A. battery (War Establishment), is 5 officers, 217 rank and file (including attached), and 240 horses, and of a R.F.A. battery 5 ofl&cers, 193 rank and file, and 172 horses.—(F.S. Regs., pages 15-18).

In addition to R.H.A. and R.F.A. there are Heavy Artillery,Garrison Artillery and Mountain Batteries. As these are never used for minor tactical operations they will not

enter into the scope of this book. A brigade of Field Artillery consists of " Headquarters," 3 batteries and an ammunition column.

A brigade of Horse Artillery consists of " Headquarters," 2 batteries and an ammunition column. The ammunition column, in addition to carrying a reserve

of ammunition for 18-pounders, 13-pounders or 4.5-inch howitzers, as the case may be, all carry a reserve of smallarm ammunition.—(S.A.A.).

Ammunition of Horse and Field Artillery.

The only shell used with 18- and 13-pounder quick-firing guns is the shrapnel shell. The former weighs 171bs. 13ozs.,and contains 375 bullets; the latter lllbs. 13ozs. and contains 236 bullets. In each case the shell contains a small bursting charge of gunpowder, suflficient to open the shell, release the bullets and give enough smoke to allow the burst to be observed. They are provided with time and percussion fuses (one fuse combines both functions) which can be so regulated as to burst the cylinder at any given time, or, to burst only on impact. The bursting charge is purposely so weak that the bullets are only just liberated and continue their forward flight, opening out to an ever-increasing cone. The distance between the burst of the shell and where the bullets lose their deadly velocity, is some 200 yards. For this reason, the advancing lines of Infantry require to be this distance, or more, apart when under artillery tire. The extreme range of the 18-pounder is over 6,500 yards.

Howitzer and heavy batteries, in addition to shrapnel, carry high explosive shell filled with lyddite. Such shell are for use against materiel and artificial cover only. They are not suitable for use against personnel in the open, owing to the limited numbers of pieces into which they break up and to the very local effect caused by their explosion.

Tactical Distribution of Artillery.

On the March.—With a small force of all arms, artillery is usually kept with the main body, following the first battalion or half battalion of infantry.

In Attack.—Artillery is usually placed in positions selected by the artillery commander—after he receives orders from the commander of the troops as to the general position to be occupied by the artillery. These are usually in rear, or on the flanks of the infantry advance, the choice depending upon the guns being able to bring effective fire against the enemy's artillery without being exposed themselves.

Objects of Artillery Fire.

Artillery cannot force the enemy to retreat by its own destructive action. It is the advance of the infantry alone that is capable of producing this result. To help the infantry to maintain its mobility and offensive power by all the means at its disposal should be the underlying principle of all artillery tactics.—(F.S. Regs., page 14).

The primary objects of artillery fire should therefore be :

(1). To assist the movement of its own infantry.

(2). To prevent the movements of the enemy's infantry.

These objects may be furthered by :

(1). Inflicting losses on the enemy, and breaking down his moral.

(2). Destroying his materiel and preventing reinforcement.

(3). Reducing the resisting power of fortified localities and rendering them more easy of approach.

It is legitimate, therefore, to use artillery fire for any of these purposes, in so far as they contribute towards the end in view.

ln Defence.—The available artillery is usually distributed

over the entire length of the position. The main considerations

governing this distribution are :

(a) Guns must be concealed, both from aircraft and the front.

( B) Single guns must not be allotted to any portion of a position. Never less than a section (an officer's command). For small tactical duties a section is very frequently allotted.

© Positions should enable guns to be fired up to the very end of the defence.

(d) Gun positions should give full effect to fire from them and should be difficult for the enemy to range upon (i.e., judge distance by gun fire).

(e) They should offer no difficulties to a retirement. (F.S. Regs., page 142).

On Outpost.—Artillery are rarely allotted to an outpost line. If used at all they should command all approaches by day, and be withdrawn well behind outpost line at dusk.

In Rear Guard Actions.—As the main consideration is to delay the pursuit by making the enemy deploy prematurely, artillery are invaluable, and must take more than ordinary risks to achieve this end. They will usually do best work from flank positions.

Escorts. Artillery in Action is defended by the troops near it. If, however, it is detached for any particular purpose, an escort must accompany it. This is best provided by cavalry, or mounted infantry, but if none are available, infantry mustbe detailed. (Half company of mounted infantry or half to one company of infantry is usually sufficient for this duty, unless circumstances demand that the battery be placed in a dangerous position). This escort must not keep too close to the guns, or directly in rear, but should protect them from a flank.

Kinds of Artillery Fire

There are five kinds of artillery fire :—

(1) Frontal Fire.—When the line of fire is perpendicular to the front of target.

(2) Oblique Fire.—When it is inclined to the front of target.

(3) Enfilade Fire.—When it is parallel, or nearly so, to the front of target.

(4) Beverse Fire.—When the rear instead of the front of the target is aimed at.

(5) Indirect Fire.—When the target cannot be seen, and guns are aimed by means of calculations, from map,or by bearings. (Learn carefully pages 14 to 18,F.S. Regulations.)

MARCHES

Road Spaces

Artillery.

A battery of field artillery, consisting of headquarters, 6 guns, 12 ammunition wagons, and 1st line transport occupies the following road space:—6 guns and 12wagons (allowing each 20 yards of road space), 360 yards;

headquarters, 30 yards 1st line transport, 65 yards, makinga total road space of 455 yards for the battery.

In addition to the distance occupied on the march by these three arms, it is necessary to know the road space required

by the following : —

Field Artillery Brigade Ammunition Column, 570 yards

Pace

Infantry march 100 yards per minute, 1 mile in 18 minutes, or 3 miles per hour, including short halts. For all practical purposes, for short distances and at a walk,

it is sufficient to calculate that a force of all arms moves atthe rate of 100 yards per minute.

Mounted troops trot 7 miles per hour, and trot and walk 5 miles per hour.—(F.S.Regs., pages 49—51).

Timing.

In one minute the following numbers pass a given point :—Infantry in fours, 200. Section of cavalry at a walk, 120 ; at a trot, 250. Artillery guns or wagons, 6

vehicles. Therefore, if a body of infantry takes 6 minutes to pass a point, cavalry 4 minutes, and artillery 3 minutes,

Length of March

An average march for a column of all arms is 15 miles a day ; 20 to 30 miles can, however, be done if necessary. A forced march means one prolonged over the

ordinary number of hours per day without long halts

ianjonesncl

Remembered Today: Gunner Frederick William HITCHMOUGH, 255th Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery who died on 8th April 1917, Soissons Communal Cemetery

:poppy:CWGC Information

HITCHMOUGH, FREDERICK WILLIAM

Rank:GunnerService No: 114467

Date of Death: 08/04/1917

Age: 38

Regiment/Service: Royal Garrison Artillery

255th Siege Bty.

Grave Reference Mil. 3. 6.

Cemetery SOISSONS COMMUNAL CEMETERY

Additional Information:

Son of William and Susan Hitchmough; husband of Elizabeth Hitchmough, of 65, Liverpool Rd., Warrington, Lancs.

From Rootschat http://www.rootschat...?topic=227220.0

1891 at 341 Knutsford Road, Warrington

Susan, head of household, widow, age 37 born in Sharnbrook, Bedfordshire

Frederick Wm. son, age 12 , born Warrington

Edith Alice, daughter, age 10 b. Warrington

Herbert John, son, age 7, b Warrington

Lilian Agnes, daughter, age 4, born Warrington,

Sarah Elizabeth Fountain, single, sister to head of household, age 38 born Sharnbrook

Syndney Gregory Fountain, single, brother to head of household, born Sharnbrook.

1901 at 16, Miller Road, Warrington

Susan, head of household, widow

Frederick, Edith, Herbert and Lilian are still living with her.

From a post on the forum: http://1914-1918.inv...howtopic=193208

Gunner 114467 F.W. Hitchmough, 255th Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery was 37 years old when he enlisted on 16th August 1916.

A newsagent and confectioner from Warrington, Frederick was married with 3 children, the youngest was just 2 when Frederick died. He and his wife, Elizabeth, had married in 1906.

He first went overseas on 18th January 1917 and died of wounds less than 3 months later. Frederick was returning from an attachment to the 2nd Army Artillery School when he was wounded, he died the same day.

On 19th November 1917 Elizabeth Hitchmough was awarded a Widow's Pension of 26/3 for herself and her 3 children.

Elizabeth never remarried and died in Warrington in June 1940.

Frederick has 2 memorials, his CWGC gravestone in Soissons Communal Cemetery (where he is buried) and a family grave in Hill Cliffe Baptist Cemetery, Warrington.

:poppy: Lest We Forget

ianjonesncl

Remembered Today: Driver Ernest Edward CROPLEY, 121st Brigade Royal Field Artillery who died on 20th March 1917, Ferme-Olivier Cemetery

:poppy: CWGC Information

CROPLEY, ERNEST EDWARD

Rank: Driver

Service No: 3827

Date of Death: 20/03/1917

Age: 22

Regiment/Service: Royal Field Artillery

"B" Bty. 121st Bde.

Grave ReferencePlot 3. Row B. Grave 13.

Cemetery FERME-OLIVIER CEMETERY

Additional Information:

Son of Mr. and Mrs. Cropley, of Heaton Norris.

Source: More Than a Name - stories of the men of Stockport area who fought and died in the Great War 1914 - 1918

http://www.stockport...php?name_id=641

In the late spring of 1892, George Cropley, a labourer on the railway, married Georgina King at St Mary’s Heaton Reddish Church. Ernest was born in about 1895 and was followed by Henry Thomas in around 1897 and Blanche in 1903. When the census was taken in 1901, the family was living at 15 Ale Lamb Road, in the Lancashire Hill area of town and, by the time of the Great War, had moved to 6 Earl Street in Edgeley. Ernest worked locally as a cleaner at the Edgeley locomotive sheds which belonged to the London and North Western Railway Company.

After the Battle of the Somme in the summer and autumn of 1916, 121st Brigade moved to the Ypres Salient and, on 20 March 1917, was at its firing positions behind the front line at Elverdinghe, to the north of Ypres. The Brigade War Diary notes that “B” Battery was heavily shelled and Ernest and another soldier were killed. He and Charles Wheeler from Glamorgan are buried in adjacent graves.

Source: London and North Western Railway Staff Magazine

Driver Cropley, R.F.A., formerly Cleaner, StockportLoco., was killed in France on March 20th. He had been attached to the Welsh Army Corps.,and had been in France for the past 15 months.

The 121st Bridgade were a K4 New Army unit, a war formed brigade and joined the 38th (Welsh) Divisional Artillery in August 1915. The division deployed to France November / December 1915.

ianjonesncl

From: 1915/16: Reserve Batteries, RH & RFA

As ever brilliant information from David Porter

For the benefit of others this is my current crib sheet - i.e. not 100% accurate with some based on guesswork.

No. 1 Depot RFA (1 Reserve Brigade) at Newcastle-on-Tyne

1A Reserve Brigade consisting of 1, 2 and 3 Batteries. Newcastle upon Tyne (55 Battery added)

1B Reserve Brigade consisting of 4, 5 and 6 Batteries. Forest Row (initially Leeds then Ipswich in March 1916)

No. 2 Depot RFA (2 Reserve Brigade) at Preston

2A Reserve Brigade consisting of 7, 8 and 9 Batteries. Preston

2B Reserve Brigade consisting of 10, 11 and 12 Batteries. Brighton (also No. 4 RFA Officer Cadets School)

No. 3 Depot RFA (3 Reserve Brigade) at Hilsea, Cosham Railway Station

3A Reserve Brigade consisting of 13, 14 and 15 Batteries. Larkhill (57 Battery added)

3B Reserve Brigade consisting of 16, 17 and 18 Batteries. Topsham Barracks, Exeter (also No. 2 RFA Officer Cadet School)

No. 4 Depot RFA (4 Reserve Brigade) at Woolwich

4A Reserve Brigade consisting of 19, 20 and 21 Batteries. Woolwich (56 Battery replaced 20)

4B Reserve Brigade consisting of 22, 23 and 24 Batteries. Boyton, Wilts

No. 5 Depot RFA (5 Reserve Brigade) at Athlone

5A Reserve Brigade consisting of 25, 26 and 27 Batteries. Athlone

5B Reserve Brigade (28, 29 and 30 Batteries ??) broken up ??

No. 6 Depot RFA (6 Reserve Brigade) at Glasgow, Maryhill Barracks (possibly Edinburgh in 1918)

6A Reserve Brigade (31, 32, and 33 Batteries ??) broken up ?? - 31st Reserve Battery remount training unit. Glasgow

6B Reserve Brigade consisting of 34, 35 and 36 Batteries. Piershill Barracks, Edinburgh

No. 7 Depot RFA (7 Reserve Brigade) at Romsey

Added later

1C Reserve Brigade consisted of 37, 38 and 39 Batteries. Hemel Hempstead - 37th Reserve Battery remount training unit. Northampton

2C Reserve Brigade consisting of 40, 41 and 42 Batteries. Catterick - 40th Reserve Battery remount training unit. No.8 Camp, Bulford

3C Reserve Brigade consisting of 43, 44 and 45 Batteries. Deepcut - 43rd Reserve Battery at Swanage in 1917 & 1918

4C Reserve Brigade consisting of 46, 47 and 48 Batteries. Weedon

5C Reserve Brigade consisting of 49, 50 and 51 Batteries. Charlton Park - 49th Reserve (Ballincollig) Battery

6C Reserve Brigade consisting of 52, 53.and 54 Batteries. Maryhill Barracks, Glasgow, or Redford Barracks, Edinburgh - 146 and 147 Batteries replaced 53 and 54

new 6C Reserve Brigade consisting of 53, 54.and 55 Batteries, Waterloo Barracks, Aldershot (relocated from Glasgow, Edinburgh & Newcastle ??)

new 5B Reserve Brigade consisting of 59, 60 and 61 Batteries. Edinburgh (58 Battery missing !!) (50, 59 and 60 Batteries moved to Lessness Park Camp in 1918)

62nd Reserve Battery remount training unit. Ripon

63rd Reserve Battery remount training unit. Bulford

Source: 1915/16: Reserve Batteries, RH & RFA

ianjonesncl

Remembered Today: Bombardier Ellis WOODLEY, 163rd Brigade, Royal Field Artillery who died on 7th March 1916, Bethune Town Cemetery

:poppy: CWGC Information

WOODLEY, ELLIS

Rank: Bombardier

Service No: 14450

Date of Death: 07/03/1916

Age: 22

Regiment/Service: Royal Field Artillery

"C" Bty. 163rd Bde.

Grave Reference: V. A. 86.

Cemetery: BETHUNE TOWN CEMETERY

Additional Information:

Son of Barnard and Kate Woodley, of Castle Camps, Cambridge.

Ellis Woodley was born in Castle Camps, Cambridgeshire in 1894. The 1901 census has him living with his father Bernard, a labourer, and his mother Kate. He was the middle son with an elder, William, and a younger, Thomas. They lived at 56 Haverhill Road in Castle Camps.

By 1911 he was living at Arverham Flaxton in the East Riding of Yorkshire employed as a Farm Labourer Horseman. From the census record it appears he was living on a farm run by the Lucas family and he was one of 5 employees.

He enlisted in Hackney, Middlesex, and as an experienced horseman he would have been ideal for the Royal Field Artillery, and may explain his unit being the nearby by New Army 163rd Brigade RFA which was raised in West Ham. The Brigade was formed in April – May 1915 as a gun brigade, converting to howitzers in December 1915.

The Brigade deployed to France in January 1916 as part of the 35th Divisional Artillery, and concentrated around St Omer at the beginning of February 1916.

One month later, in March 1916 Bombardier Ellis Woodley is recorded as dying from wounds 7th March 1916.

He is buried in Bethune Town Cemetery, Pas de Calais. The cemetery was near an important railway and hospital centre, and this may indicate Ellis died in one of those hospitals.

His elder brother William was killed in action 14th April 1917 at Arras and he is commemorated on the Arras memorial. Originally serving with the Northamptonshire Regiment, he was killed serving with the 1st Battalion Essex Regiment.

Both Brothers are commemorated on the Castle Camps war memorial.

http://rd29.net/cc/cc/rollofhonour.htm

http://www.roll-of-h...astleCamps.html

ccwarmem.jpg

ianjonesncl

H.E. FIRST USED BY EIGHTEEN POUNDERS

First Battle of Ypres

On October 31st, 1914, the 70th Battery, 34th Brigade, R.F.A., commanded by Major H.C. Stanley-Clarke, R.F.A. was in action in close support of 6th Infantry Brigade holding a pronounced salient along the eastern and southern edges of a large wood to the east of Passchendaele-Bercelare road and bending back across this road south-west to Reutel.

The battery was disposed as follows:

Four guns (right and centre sections), south-west of the village of Molenaarelshoek (sometimes known as Nord Westhoek) and just clear of the north-east corner of the Polygon de Zonnebeke.

Two guns (left section) in an orchard in the village of Molenaarelshoek

The centre line of fire was in the direction of Kieberg-Waterdamhoek. The main

Observing station was in a house near the Passchendaele –Bercelare road, with a forward observing station in the trenches of the 2nd South Staffordshire Regiment.

About 9 a.m. Lieutenant Maitland-Dougall, R.F.A., the forward observing Officer of the 50th Battery, R.F.A., which together with the 22nd Battery, R.F.A., was in action behind the 70th Battery, came to the observing station of 70th Battery and reported that an enemy gun was in action just behind the German trenches on the southern side of the salient.

Major Stanley-Clarke, having communicated with the infantry, ordered Second Lieutenant T.J. Moss R.F.A., commanding the left section in the village, to go up with Lieutenant Maitland-Dougall and reconnoitre with a view to taking a gun forward and, if possible, knocking out the gun at close range. Orders were sent at the same timeto the Wagon Lines in Polygon Wood to send up the gun team and limber of “E” sub-section and to fill the limber entirely with the twenty-four rounds H.E. which had just been issued to the Battery.

Second Lieutenant Moss, who had come out with the battery in August as Battery Quartermaster-Sergeant and had been given a commission on October 1st and remained with the battery as a section commander, returned from his reconnaissance and reported that he could take a gun team forward to the Passchendaele-Bercelare road and thence man-handle the gun down the road till he got within less than 500 yards of the German gun, which was plainly visible.

By this time “E” sub-section limber and team had arrived, and Second Lieutenant Moss led it forward and unhooked the team on reaching the road. The gun and limber were then man-handled to the spot which had been selected. The muzzle was poked through the hedge and Second Lieutenant Moss, carrying a reaping-hook, crept on all fours through some grass to another hedge where he cut a hole in ditect line between his 18-pounder and the German gun.

Meanwhile his detachment had got the gun ready for action, had hidden the limber close by, and brought up all H.E. ammunition handy. On his return Second Lieutenant Moss took the place of the layer, laid his gun over the open sights, and was just about to pull the firing lever when he noticed movement in the trenches near the enemy’s gun. He accordingly waited a moment and then saw a party of fifteen or twenty Germans with fixed bayonets jump out of their trench all round the gun. He pulled the firing lever, observed his shell hit the gun fair and square and detonate on it, and saw the party of Germans collapse in three heaps in front of it. He then fired several more rounds at the hostile gun to complete its destruction, and also at the trenches and neighbouring houses suspected to containing machine guns. Having expended the whole of his ammunition he withdrew his detachment to the shelter of a house close by. For the remainder of the day the vicinity of the 18-pounder was subject to continuous and very heavy rifle and machine-gun fire.

Second Lieutenant Moss returned to the battery observing station and reported the result of his shooting to his battery commander, who went forward with him to see the effect. The German gun could be seen lying on its side---wrecked; and three heaps of dead Germans in front of the trench. At dusk the eighteen-pounder was taken back to its old position in the orchard.

The next day the Germans “crumped” the position where the eighteen-pounder had been the previous day with heavy howitzers for over an hour, and no doubt flattered themselves that they, in their turn, had knocked it out.

Taken from The Royal Artillery War Commemoration Book Page 30-31

Source: First use of HE Ammunition in 18 Pdr in action

ianjonesncl

From: The Infantry cannot Do With a Gun Less

As ever Mike aka skipman has highlighted an excellent on line source:

" The Infantry Cannot do With a Gun Less "

The place of the Artillery in the BEF 1914-1918

Mike

Source: The Infantry cannot Do With a Gun Less

A favourite of mine !!!

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An interesting thesis on the development and use of Artillery in WW1

The appendices contain training notes, directives and letters which provide a contemporary documentation of evolving tactics, technical developments and lessons learned. Some nice maps show the planning of the barrages for some of the major battles, which for me shows how the Gunners were operating. The development can be tracked through the Chronological Index

ianjonesncl

From: WW1 Artillery Memorial Project

Charles Sargeant Jagger MC (17 December 1885 Kilnhurst, near Rotherham, Yorkshire - 16 November 1934) was a British sculptor who, following active service in the First World War, sculpted many works on the theme of war. He is best known for his war memorials, especially the Royal Artillery Memorial at Hyde Park Corner and the Great Western Railway War Memorial in Paddington Railway Station, both of which are in London, and he also designed several other monuments around Britain and other parts of the world.

Jagger was the son of a colliery manager, and was educated at Sheffield Royal Grammar School. At age 14 he became an apprentice metal engraver with the Sheffield firm Mappin and Webb. He studied at the Sheffield School of Art before moving to London to study sculpture at the Royal College of Art. When war broke out in 1914, Jagger joined the army. At first, he joined the Artists' Rifles, and in 1915 he was commissioned in the Worcestershire Regiment. Jagger served in Gallipoli and on the Western Front, and was wounded three times. He was awarded the Military Cross for gallantry.

Jagger's style tended towards realism, especially his portrayal of soldiers. The fashion at the time was for idealism and modernism in sculpture, but Jagger's figures were rugged and workman-like, earning him a reputation for 'realist' sculpture. Although Jagger was commissioned as a sculptor of a variety of monuments, it is for his war memorials that he is chiefly remembered

Royal Artillery Memorial (1921–25) at Hyde Park Corner in London is one of his best-known works. It features a giant sculpture of a howitzer surrounded by four bronze soldiers and stone relief scenes, and is dedicated to casualties in the British Royal Regiment of Artillery in World War I. When Jagger was commissioned to work on the Royal Artillery Memorial, he remarked to the Daily Express the "experience in the trenches persuaded me of the necessity for frankness and truth".

Monumental works of the period used symbolic figures rather than actual depictions of soldiers. Furthermore, during the war years, a government edict had banned images of dead British soldiers. Jagger defied both these conventions by creating realistic bronze figures of three standing soldiers and the body of a dead soldier laid out and shrouded by a greatcoat.

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I was approached by Andrew Purchase who is a member at the One Sixth Warrior forum to see if it would be possible to recreate aspects of this memorial. I had aldready made a figure for Andrew earlier in the year ('A Gentleman in Khaki') and he had also bought one of my last WW1 figures. I think it was a giant leap of faith on Andrew's part to think that as I had done a good job of taking a 19th century illustration in the form of the 'Gent' that I could do a similar job with an iconic piece of early 20th century sculpture. This was the perfect job for me as it combined my love of art, particularly the art from this era and figure making. On a personal note, all my family's ancestors that I know about all served in the artillery during the Great War. I'm originally from the South of England so several served in the siege batteries which hailed from the Kent area as well as in the R.H.A. One ancestor was involved in the retreat from Mons but was later killed just before the Somme offensive. One of the others was killed at the start of the third battle of Ypres.

We had originally thought about making the figures in their memorial poses but without the bronze finish. We soon decided that the bronze finish would be an interesting and unknown path to follow at this scale.

I was unfamiliar with Jagger's work so I did a lot of research into this memorial and his other sculptures to attempt to capture the rugged, heroic look of his figures. If you are interested to see the research and development involved in this project, all the pages from my sketchbook are available to see on my blog at www.andyshepart.blogspot.com

I have a list of people to thank for their invaluable help in this project:

Andrew Purchase for the idea and enthusiasm

Tony Barton for the encouragement and invaluable bits and pieces

Richie Elbourne for the pattern for the Driver's raincape

Mark Dockery for the officer's jacket and Sam Browne gear

Steve Tull for the Officer's cane

Tommy in my school's Tech department for cutting the wood for the bases.

I also owe a big thank you to Paul Evans at the Royal Artillery Museum at Woolwich for pictures of the steel gaiter worn by the Driver.

Andrew organised having the lettering laser etched into acrylic for the back pieces and I think that adds an extra dimension to the figures.

We decided to leave the dead figure out of this ensemble for the time being, concentrating on the standing figures instead. All three figures are built on Kaustik Plastic muscular bodies to capture the stature of Jagger's figures. The heads are all Jason Statham originally with a good deal of extra bulk added with Milliput. Each figure had its own requirements in terms of uniform and equipment which had to either be bought, made or modified.

The bases are wood covered with Polyfilla and sprayed with stone texture, as are the back pieces (without the Polyfilla) The plinths are wood covered with Polyfilla and made to look textured. They've had a coat of Hammered Black paint, then a coat of Oil Rubbed Bronze, as have all the figures.

I'll let the figures do the talking.

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This has been a really fulfilling project to work on which has kept me happily occupied since last summer. Thanks to the help of everyone already mentioned it's gone very smoothly with no real hiccups.

The figures were finally delivered safely to Andrew this week and there is now a rather large empty space in my studio where they have lived for these months. An aspect of these figures that can't be captured in photographs is their collective physical presence. I know Andrew was struck by this once he had unwrapped the trio. I see the posting of these pictures and information the final part of this journey. I hope I have done the original some justice, and more importantly I hope I have in some way played my part in honouring the memory of those who the original commemorates.

Please feel free to comment

Andy

Source: WW1 Artillery Memorial Project

ianjonesncl

Seige Battery Establishments

Looking around for information and came accross an excellent post from Rob Clifton detailing the establishments of Heavy and Siege Batteries, as well as the HQ elements.

Source: HOW MANY MEN IN A SEIGE BATTERY

August 1916 Heavy Artillery Battery and Ammunition Column (6 x 60-pounder guns)

Battery: Major, Captain, 4 Subalterns, BSM, BQMS, 8 Serjeants, Farrier-Serjeant, 3 Shoeing-smiths (incl one cpl), 2 Saddlers, 1 Wheeler, 1 Staff-Sjt Fitter, 1 Smith, 7 Corporals, 8 Bombardiers, 110 Gunners, 71 Drivers, 7 Batmen.

Attached: Serjeant AVC, 3 Drivers ASC.

Ammunition Column: Subaltern, 1 Serjeant, 2 Shoeing-smiths, 1 Saddler, 1 Wheeler, 1 Fitter, 1 Corporal, 2 Bombardiers, 12 Gunners, 35 Gunners as Drivers, 1 Batman. Attached: 1 Driver ASC.

September 1916 Siege Artillery Battery (4 x 6" howitzers, horse drawn)

Battery: Major, Captain, 4 Subalterns, BSM, BQMS, 7 Serjeants, Farrier-Serjeant, 3 Shoeing-smiths (incl one cpl), 2 Saddlers, 1 Wheeler, 2 Smiths, 2 Trumpeters, 6 Corporals, 8 Bombardiers, 90 Gunners, 47 Drivers, 7 Batmen.

Attached: Armament Artificer AOC, Serjeant AVC, 2 Drivers ASC.

Transport personnel: Subaltern, 2 Serjeants, 2 Corporals, 21 Drivers, 1 Batman.

September 1916 Siege Artillery Battery (4 x 6" howitzers, tractor drawn)

Battery: Major, Captain, 4 Subalterns, BSM, BQMS, 5 Serjeants, 2 Smiths, 1 Wheeler, 2 Trumpeters, 6 Corporals, 6 Bombardiers, 100 Gunners, 6 Batmen.

Attached: Armament Artificer AOC.

Transport personnel: 2 Subalterns, 3 Serjeants, 3 Corporals, 38 Drivers, 2 Batmen.

September 1916 Siege Artillery Battery (4 x 6" guns)

Battery: Major, Captain, 4 Subalterns, BSM, BQMS, 6 Serjeants, 2 Smiths, 1 Wheeler, 2 Trumpeters, 6 Corporals, 8 Bombardiers, 120 Gunners, 6 Batmen.

Attached: Armament Artificer AOC.

Transport personnel: 2 Subalterns, 3 Serjeants, 6 Corporals, 71 Drivers, 2 Batmen.

September 1916 Siege Artillery Battery (4 x 8" howitzers)

Battery: Major, Captain, 4 Subalterns, BSM, BQMS, 5 Serjeants, 2 Smiths, 1 Wheeler, 2 Trumpeters, 6 Corporals, 8 Bombardiers, 120 Gunners, 6 Batmen.

Attached: Armament Artificer AOC.

Transport personnel: 2 Subalterns, 3 Serjeants, 6 Corporals, 64 Drivers, 2 Batmen.

September 1916 Siege Artillery Battery (4 x 9.2" howitzers)

Battery: Major, Captain, 4 Subalterns, BSM, BQMS, 5 Serjeants, 2 Smiths, 1 Wheeler, 2 Trumpeters, 6 Corporals, 8 Bombardiers, 120 Gunners, 6 Batmen.

Attached: Armament Artificer AOC.

Transport personnel: 2 Subalterns, 3 Serjeants, 8 Corporals, 83 Drivers, 2 Batmen.

December 1916 Siege Artillery Battery (6 x 6" howitzers, horse drawn)

Battery: Major, Captain, 5 Subalterns, BSM, BQMS, 8 Serjeants, Farrier-Serjeant, 3 Shoeing-smiths (incl one cpl), 3 Saddlers, 2 Wheeler, 3 Smiths, 2 Trumpeters, 6 Corporals, 8 Bombardiers, 135 Gunners, 70 Drivers, 8 Batmen.

Attached: Armament Artificer AOC, Serjeant AVC, 3 Drivers ASC.

Transport personnel: Subaltern, 2 Serjeants, 3 Corporals, 29 Drivers, 1 Batman.

December 1916 Siege Artillery Battery (6 x 6" howitzers, tractor drawn)

Battery: Major, Captain, 5 Subalterns, BSM, BQMS, 7 Serjeants, 2 Smiths, 1 Wheeler, 2 Trumpeters, 8 Corporals, 8 Bombardiers, 150 Gunners, 7 Batmen.

Attached: Armament Artificer AOC.

Transport personnel: 2 Subalterns, 4 Serjeants, 5 Corporals, 52 Drivers, 2 Batmen.

December 1916 Siege Artillery Battery (6 x 8" howitzers)

Battery: Major, Captain, 6 Subalterns, BSM, BQMS, 7 Serjeants, 2 Smiths, 1 Wheeler, 2 Trumpeters, 8 Corporals, 12 Bombardiers, 180 Gunners, 8 Batmen.

Attached: Armament Artificer AOC.

Transport personnel: 2 Subalterns, 4 Serjeants, 10 Corporals, 90 Drivers, 2 Batmen.

December 1916 Siege Artillery Battery (6 x 9.2" howitzers)

Battery: Major, Captain, 6 Subalterns, BSM, BQMS, 7 Serjeants, 2 Smiths, 1 Wheeler, 2 Trumpeters, 8 Corporals, 12 Bombardiers, 180 Gunners, 8 Batmen.

Attached: Armament Artificer AOC.

Transport personnel: 2 Subalterns, 3 Serjeants, 13 Corporals, 121 Drivers, 2 Batmen.

Were they self-sufficient? The answer is generally yes, at least until late 1917 when their allocations to HAGs/Brigades became more permanent. For such matters as medical and veterinary cover they would be placed under the care of appropriate officers by the Cdr HAG or Cdr Corps HA of the Corps to which they were attached at the time:

August 1916 Headquarters of Corps Heavy Artillery

Commander, Brigade Major, Staff Captain, Vet Officer, OC ASC (Major), Captain ASC (workshops).

4 clerks, 1 staff-serjeant, 12 artificers, 30 rank and file.

August 1916 Headquarters of a Heavy Artillery Group

Lt-Col commanding, Adjutant, Orderly Officer, Medical Officer.

Serjeant-Major, 1 Serjeant, 2 Clerks (one a sjt), 1 Corporal, 2 Bombardiers,

13 Gunners, 2 Drivers, 2 MO's Orderlies, 3 Ptes RAMC, 2 M/cyclists ASC, 5 Drivers ASC MT, 1 Interpreter, 4 Batmen.

ianjonesncl

Remembered Today: Acting Bombardier Harry BALDWIN, 125th Brigade Royal Field Artillery who died on 2nd February 1916, Humbercamps Communal Cemetery

:poppy: CWGC Information

BALDWIN, HARRY

Rank: Acting Bombardier

Service No: 70551

Date of Death: 02/02/1916

Age: 21

Regiment/Service: Royal Field Artillery

"C" Bty. 125th Bde.

Grave Reference I. D. 5.

Cemetery HUMBERCAMPS COMMUNAL CEMETERY EXTENSION

Additional Information:

Son of James and Kate Baldwin, of 26, Talbot St., Burnley.

--==0==--From

Burnley Roll of Honour

Harry Baldwin was born in Burnley the son of James and Kate Baldwin of 26 Talbot Street Burnley. He enlisted in Burnley in “C” Battery, 125th Brigade, Royal Field Artillery His family had the following inscription engraved on his tombstone “Gone but not forgotten”.

Harry Baldwin was christened at St Peter’s Church on 3/6/1894. His Parents were James Edward and Catherine Baldwin of 26 Talbot Street. His father’s occupation was listed as striker (blacksmith?).

Harry Baldwin admitted to St Peter’s Infant School on 2/8/1898. He was born on 11/5/94 and his father was James Baldwin of 26 Talbot Street. Harry was admitted to St Peter’s Mixed School on 4/8/1901 and left on 7/8/03.

1901 Census for 26 Talbot Street - James Edward Baldwin (30) Iron Rail Maker born Brierfield, Martha (31) born Sheffield, Harry (6) Sydney (3) born in Burnley.

baldwinharry70551.JPG

Thoroughly Reliable. Officer’s Tribute to Burnley Bombardier."

( Burnley Express 9/2/1916 (P))

On Monday morning Mrs Baldwin of 26 Talbot Street Burnley, received news of the death from wounds of her only son, Bombardier Harry Baldwin of the R.F.A. Bombardier Baldwin who was 21 years of age, was formerly a weaver at Messrs Stuttard’s Primrose Mill and enlisted on January 12th of last year. He was connected with St. Peter’s Sunday School and played in the football team there. He had been on active service in France for 7 months. He was only home on leave about three weeks ago, and had been back at the front just 10 days when he was killed.

The first word came in a letter from Capt. Thatcher who wrote:- “With the very deepest regret I write to you concerning your son. He was on duty in the trenches and the dug-out in which he was working was blown up by a German shell. I assure you I feel his loss very keenly. He was one of my best signallers and a thoroughly reliable man, trusted by his officers and liked by the ranks of the battery. I wish to express my very sincere sympathy in the loss which you have sustained. I am sure I am expressing the feelings of the whole battery in tendering their sympathy.

Bombardier Baldwin’s father, Pte. James Edward Baldwin, has seen service with the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment and is on military duty at present. His uncle, Trooper Edward Baldwin is with the Hussars, and another Trooper William Baldwin, with the Dragoons”.

--==0==--

The 125th Brigade RFA was a K4 war formed unit. CXXV Brigade joined 37th Division by 15/04/15. Disbanded 31/08/16. 125 was broken up in August 1916, its batteries being distributed between the other three, making their batteries up from four guns each to six.

The Brigade was part of the 37th Divisional Artillery. The Division trained at Cholderton in Hampshire and moved to Saint-Omer in France in July 1915, months earlier than other divisions of the fourth and fifth New Armies.The Long Long Trail The 37th Division in 1914-1918 shows that Acting Bombardier Baldwin would not have been involved in any major battles between his arrival in France and his death in February 1916, like many he was killed in the trenches holding the line.

He is burried in HUMBERCAMPS COMMUNAL CEMETERY EXTENSION15 miles south west of Arras, and commemorated on the St Peters Church War Memorial Burnley.

ianjonesncl

Richard Sydney Yates, R.H.A. & R.F.A.

Came accross this fascinating chap. Joins as a junior soldier and serves in India. Deploys with the BEF in 1914, rises to the rank of sergeant, wins a Military Medal, commissioned, wins an MC, and finishes the war as a captain. He alter enlists into the RAF and finishes WW" as a Wing Commander.

An impresive record and a very interesting medal rack.

MILITARY CROSS & MILITARY MEDAL

(Double Gallantry)

1914 STAR & BAR TRIO,

DEFENCE MEDAL & 1939-45 WAR MEDAL,

DELHI DURBAR 1911.

To:

47516. Bmbr,/ Sergt, / 2nd Lt, / Captain, / Sqd Ldr, / Wg Cdr.

Richard Sydney Yates, R.H.A. & R.F.A.

(and later R.A.F (Balloon Section) WWII)

A TOTALLY CLASSIC, VERY RARE, & HIGHLY IMPORTANT 'DOUBLE GALLANTRY" GROUP OF EIGHT, TO AN "OLD CONTEMPTIBLE"

"Entered military service as a boy soldier and retired as a Wing Commander having fought two world wars and won two gallantry awards"

SUPERB MEDALS OF GREAT HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE.

Richard Sydney Yates joined the Royal Horse Artillery as a junior soldier before WW1 and was stationed with "U" battery in India (8th Lucknow Brigade). and was awarded the 1911 'Delhi Durbar' Medal. On declaration of World War I in August 1914 many colonially based troops including Yates' unit were sent to France where they landed on 7th October 1914 as part of the 1st Indian Cavalry Division. Bmbr Yates' Medal Record Card, (see picture) which also confirms his gallantry awards shows disembarkation on 10th November 1914 as part of the B.E.F. Richard Yates had a most varied and gallant career in that having begun at the lowest rank of Private (Bmbr) he then, by his great prowess gained a commission in 1917 and as well as winning two gallantry awards in WW1 he went on to re-enlist in the Royal Air Force in which he served as a senior ballon officer ( Squadron Leader and later Wing Commander) at RAF Cardington, Bedfordshire.

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The Military Medal recommendation for 47516 Sergt. R. S. Yates, RHA.

"For conspicuous gallantry and ability at all times. He performed on officers' duties for a week, from 22nd July with marked success, and generally made himself indispensable to the battery.

He appears quite indifferent to any hostile fire and his alertness and quick wittedness are no less worthy of reward than the high courage and example he invariably shows."

(BATTLE OF THE SOMME)

('U' Battery, RHA War Diary, 31 October 1916;London Gazette 9 December 1916).

The "U" battery of RHA was in action at Crecy at the time.

His Military Cross citation as a 2nd Lieutenant, RFA

"For conspicuous gallantry and devotion as forward observation officer during an attack. He maintained communication by lamp and runners after the wires had been cut, and sent back valuable information from the front line for the infantry battalion, as well as for the battery.

After the infantry had reached their objective he made a tour of the front line, under a heavy barrage, and made certain the artillery protective barrage was correctly placed, reporting the fact to his artillery headquarters."

(BATTLE OF PASSCHENDAELE)

(London Gazette 26 November 1917 (citation 6 April 1918)

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ianjonesncl

Territorial Force Renumbering 1917

Picked this up from a post by David Porter on the renumbering of the Territorrial Force in 1917. David says " I've looked at this aspect for several years and I'm still getting to grips with it" , so even complex for an expert !!

Source: Birmingham and the Royal Field Artillery? .

Some key points:

  • All Territorial Force RH & RFA were renumbered as per ACI 2198 (Appendix 183) of November 1916 implemented on January 1, 1917.
  • The renumbering didn't happen during the reorganisation of May 1916 but curiously (sometimes) refers to the unit they were in at that time.
  • It appears the renumbering was more related to the previous number which didn't change if they transferred to another TF RH or RFA unit.

One assumes that there would have been a cut off point in the records office whereby the new numbers were allocated from the nominal role at that point in time to reduce the problems of continually changing lists due to casualties and replacements. Given the time to collate all the information, publish and print the ACI the nominal role at May 1916 may have been used.

Chris on the Long Long Trail outlines the overall mechanism Renumbering of the Territorial Force in 1917, and concludes "The ACIs are sometimes contradictory, are susceptible to different interpretations and there were doubtless many errors made by the clerks responsible for actually executing the changes." .

Those who served post war may also have another number issued on the re-establishment in 1920. I have a soldier who was a pre and post war Territorial and has three numbers.

Always grateful for a post by Kondoa which details the TF numbers for thr Royal Artillery.

Royal Artillery Units

http://1914-1918.inv...SN</u></strong>

RANGE/ BRIGADE (OR BATTERY)/ PREWAR REGULAR ARMY RHA/RFA

1 - 99999

SN RANGE/ BRIGADE (OR BATTERY)/ PREWAR REGULAR ARMY RGA

1 - 49999

SN RANGE/ BRIGADE (OR BATTERY)/ NEW ARMY BATTERY Etc.

11 Hull HB 290003 290324

158 Hull HB " "

38 Howitzer Brigade " "

38 Welsh HB 290325 290590

122 Oxford HB

124 Hull HB 290601 290850

126 Camberwell HB 290851 291008

199 Camberwell HB 291001 291145

127 Bristol HB 291146 291300

128 Oxford HB 291350 291500

129 Bristol HB 291580 291780

132 Oxford HB 291780 292000

125 County PalatineHB 292001 292250

133 County PalatineHB 292251 292450

134 Cornwall HB TF ------- -------- see TF lists

135 Oxford HB 292451 292700

137 Deptford HB 292726 292975

138 HampsteadHB 292951 293200

140 HammersmithHB 293201 293415

136 County PalatineHB 293401 293700

141 East Ham HB 293701 293950

142 Durham HB -------- -------- see TF lists

143 Ashton Under Lyne 293951 294150

144 York HB 294151 294350

145 Stockport HB 294351 294600

146 Hull HB 294601 294800

147 Leicester HB 294801 295000

148 Smethwick HB 295051 295300

149 Wakefield HB 295301 295550

150 Rotherham HB 295551 295750

151 Darlington HB 295751 296000

152 Hackney HB 296001 296250

153 Tottenham HB 296251 296500

139 HampsteadHB 296501 296700

154 Halifax 296701 296850

155 E. CheshireHB 296851 297100

156 Oxford 297101 297400

157 Leicester HB 297401 297600

SN RANGE/ BRIGADE (OR BATTERY)/ FORMER TF BRIGADE

300001-306000 4 HIGHLAND MTN BDE, RGA

306001-307000 FIFESHIRE HVY BY, RGA/ HIGHLAND DIV

307001-308000 2/1 EDINBURGH HVY BY, RGA/ LOWLAND DIV

307001-308000 CITY OF EDINBURGH HVY BY, RGA LOWLAND DIV

308001-310000 1 LANCASHIRE HY BY, RGA/ W LANCS DIV

308001-310000 2 LANCASHIRE HY BY, RGA/ W LANCS DIV

310001-311000 CARNARVON HVY BDE, RGA/ WELCH DIV

311001-312000 NORTHUMBRIAN HVY BY, RGA/ NUMBRIAN DIV

312001-313000 W RIDING HVY BDE, RGA /W RIDING DIV

313001-314000 2/1 N MIDLAND HVY BY, RGA /N MIDLAND DIV

313001-314000 STAFFORDSHIRE HVY BY, RGA/ N MIDLAND DIV

314001-315000 WARWICKSHIRE HVY BY, RGA/ S MIDLAND DIV

315001-316000 1/1 WESSEX (HAMPSHIRE) HVY BY, RGA/ WESSEX DIV

315001-316000 HAMPSHIRE HVY BY, RGA/ WESSEX DIV

316001-317000 ESSEX HVY BY, RGA/ E ANGLICAN DIV

317001-318000 KENT HVY BY, RGA/ HOME CO DIV

318001-321000 1 LONDON HVY BY, RGA/ LONDON DIV

318001-321000 2 LONDON HVY BY, RGA/ LONDON DIV

321001-326000 CORNWALL FORTRESS RGA

326001-329000 CLYDE FORTRESS RGA

329001-334000 DEVON FORTRESS RGA

334001-337000 DORSETSHIRE FORTRESS RGA

337001-340000 DURHAM FORTRESS RGA

340001-344000 ESSEX & SUSSEX FORTRESS RGA

344001-348000 FORTH (CITY OF EDINBURGH) FORTRESS RGA

348001-352000 GLAMORGAN FORTRESS RGA

352001-358000 HAMPSHIRE (SOUTHAMPTON) FORTRESS RGA

358001-362000 KENT FORTRESS RGA

362001-365000 LANCASHIRE & CHESHIRE FORTRESS RGA

365001-368000 N SCOTTISH (CITY OF ABERDEEN) FORTRESS RGA

368001-371000 ORKNEY FORTRESS RGA

371001-374000 PEMBROKE FORTRESS RGA

374001-376000 SUSSEX FORTRESS RGA

376001-328000 NORTHUMBERLAND (TYNEMOUTH) FORTRESS RGA

382001-388000 E RIDING OF YORKSHIRE FORTRESS RGA

600001-602000 INVERNESS-SHIRE BTY, RHA/ INVERNESS, RHA

602001-604000 1/AYRSHIRE BTY, RHA/ AYR, RHA

604001-606000 SHROPSHIRE BTY, RHA/ SHROPSHIRE, RHA

606001-608000 GLAMORGAN BTY, RHA/ GLAMORGAN RHA

608001-610000 C/264 W RIDING RHA

610001-612000 LEICESTERSHIRE BTY, RHA/ LEICESTER, RHA

612001-614000 NOTTINGHAMSHIRE BTY, RHA/ NOTTINGHAM, RHA

614001-616000 1/WARWICKSHIRE BTY, RHA/ WARWICK, RHA

616001-618000 BERKSHIRE BTY, RHA/ BERKSHIRE, RHA

618001-620000 A/264 HANTS RHA

620001-622000 SOMERSETSHIRE BTY, RHA/ SOMERSET, RHA

622001-624000 B/264 ESSEX RHA

624001-628000 HONOURABLE ARTILLERY CO. LONDON

630001-635000 255 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/1 HIGHLAND BDE

630001-635000 320 BDE, RFA TF/BDE, 2/HIGHLAND

635001-640000 256 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/ 2 HIGHLAND BDE

635001-640000 321 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/HIGHLAND

640001-645000 258 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/2 HIGHLAND BDE

640001-645000 322 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/HIGHLAND

645001-650000 51 DAC/ HIGHLAND

645001-650000 64 DAC/ 2/HIGHLAND

650001-655000 257 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/1 LOWLAND BETWEEN 11 MAY 16-3 JUN 16

650001-655000 325 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/LOWLAND

655001-660000 261 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/2 LOWLAND (260, 28 MAY 16-SEP 16)

655001-660000 326 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/LOWLAND

660001-665000 262 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/3 LOWLAND (261, 28 MAY 16-SEP 16)

660001-665000 327 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/LOWLAND

665001-669000 263 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/4 LOWLAND BDE (BROKEN UP DEC 16)

665001-670000 328 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/LOWLAND

669001-671000 264 BDE, RFA TF/ LOWLAND

670001-675000 65 DAC/ 2/LOWLAND

671001-675000 52 DAC/ LOWLAND

675001-680000 275 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/1 W LANCS

675001-680000 285 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/1 W LANCS

680001-685000 276 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/2 W LANCS

680001-685000 286 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/2 W LANCS

685001-690000 277 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/3 W LANCS

685001-690000 287 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/3 W LANCS (BROKEN UP FEB 17)

690001-695000 278 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/4 W LANCS (BROKEN UP OCT 16)

690001-695000 288 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/4 W LANCS

695001-700000 55 DAC/ W LANCASHIRE

695001-700000 57 DAC/ 2/W LANCASHIRE

700001-705000 210 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/1 E LANCS

700001-705000 330 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/1 E LANCASHIRE

705001-710000 211 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/2 E LANCS (BROKEN UP FEB 17)

705001-710000 331 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/2 E LANCASHIRE

710001-715000 212 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/3 E LANCS (RENUMBERED AS 211 BDE ON DEC 16)

710001-715000 332 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/3 LANCASHIRE (BROKEN UP, APR 17)

715001-720000 213 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/4 E LANCS BDE (BROKEN UP DEC 16, BTYS TO 120 & 211)

715001-720000 333 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/4 LANCASHIRE

720001-725000 42 DAC/ E LANC

720001-725000 66 DAC/ 2/E LANCASHIRE

725001-730000 265 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/1 WELCH BDE (BROKEN UP DEC 16)(RENUMBERED FROM 267, DEC 16)

725001-730000 340 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/1 WELCH (BROKEN UP MAY 16, BTRYS TO 342 & 343 BDES)

730001-735000 266 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/2 WELCH BDE

730001-735000 341 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/2 WELCH

735001-740000 267 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/1 CHESHIRE BDE (RENUMBERED 265, DEC 16)

735001-740000 342 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/1 CHESHIRE BDE

740001-745000 268 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/4 WELCH BDE (RENUMBERED 266, DEC 16)

740001-745000 343 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/4 WELCH

745001-750000 54 DAC/ WELCH

745001-750000 68 DAC/ 2/WELCH

750001-755000 250 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/1 NORTHUMBRIAN BDE

750001-755000 315 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/1 NORTHUMBRIAN

755001-760000 BDE, RFA TF/ 251 1/2 NORTHUMBRIAN BDE

755001-760000 BDE, RFA TF/ 316 2/2 NORTHUMBRIAN

760001-765000 BDE, RFA TF/ 252 1/3 NORTHUMBRIAN BDE

760001-765000 BDE, RFA TF/ 317 2/3 NORTHUMBRIAN

765001-770000 BDE, RFA TF/ 253 1/4 NORTHUMBRIAN BDE

765001-770000 BDE, RFA TF/ 318 2/4 NORTHUMBRIAN (RENUMBERED 223, JUL 16)

770001-775000 50 DAC/ NORTHUMBRIAN

770001-775000 63 DAC/ 2/NORTHUMBRIAN

775001-780000 245 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/1 W RIDING BDE

775001-780000 310 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/1 W RIDING

780001-785000 246 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/2 W RIDING BDE

780001-785000 311 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/2 W RIDING

785001-790000 247 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/3 W RIDING BDE

785001-790000 312 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/3 W RIDING

790001-795000 248 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/4 W RIDING BDE

790001-795000 313 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/4 W RIDING

795001-800000 49 DAC/ W RIDING

795001-800000 62 DAC/ 2/W RIDING

800001-805000 230 BDE, RFA TF/ 1 N MIDLAND BDE

800001-805000 295 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/1 N MIDLAND

805001-810000 231 BDE, RFA TF/ 2 N MIDLAND BDE

805001-810000 296 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/2 MIDLAND

810001-815000 232 AFA BDE BDE, RFA TF/ 3 N MIDLAND BDE

810001-815000 297 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/3 MIDLAND

815001-820000 233 BDE, RFA TF/ N MIDLAND

815001-820000 298 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/4 MIDLAND

820001-825000 46 DAC/ N MIDLAND

820001-825000 59 DAC/ 2/N MIDLAND

825001-830000 240 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/1 S MIDLAND BDE

825001-830000 305 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/1 S MIDLAND (BROKEN UP, SEP 16)

830001-835000 241 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/2 S MIDLAND BDE

830001-835000 306 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/2 S MIDLAND

835001-840000 242 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/3 S MIDLAND BDE

835001-840000 307 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/3 S MIDLAND

840001-845000 243 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/4 S MIDLAND BDE

840001-845000 308 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/4 S MIDLAND

845001-850000 48 DAC/ S MIDLAND

845001-850000 61 DAC/ 2/S MIDLAND

850001-855000 215 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/1 WESSEX BDE

850001-855000 225 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/1 WESSEX BDE

855001-860000 'E' RES BDE

855001-860000 216 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/2 WESSEX BDE

860001-865000 217 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/4 WESSEX BDE

860001-865000 227 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/2 WESSEX BDE

865001-870000 218 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/3 WESSEX BDE

865001-870000 228 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/3 WESSEX BDE

870001-875000 43 DAC/ WESSEX

870001-875000 45 DAC/ WESSEX

875001-880000 270 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/1 E ANGLICAN BDE (RENUMBERED 272, DEC 16)

875001-880000 345 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/1 E ANGLICAN (BROKEN UP DEC 16))

880001-885000 271 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/2 E ANGLICAN BDE

880001-885000 346 BDE, RFA TF/ BDE, 2/2 E ANGLICAN

885001-890000 272 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/3 BDE ANGLICAN BDE (BROKEN UP DEC 16)

885001-890000 347 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/3 E ANGLICAN

890001-895000 273 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/4 E ANGLICAN BDE (RENUMBERED 270, DEC 16)

890001-895000 348 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/4 E ANGLICAN

895001-900000 55 DAC/ E ANGLICAN

895001-900000 69 DAC/ 2/E ANGLICAN

900001-905000 220 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/1 HOME CO BDE

900001-905000 335 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/1 HOME CO (BROKEN UP MAR 16)

905001-910000 221 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/2 HOME CO BDE

905001-910000 336 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/2 HOME CO

910001-915000 222 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/3 HOME CO BDE

910001-915000 337 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/3 HOME CO

915001-920000 27 DAC/ HOME CO

915001-920000 338 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/4 HOME CO (BROKEN UP, MAR 16)

920001-925000 43 DAC/ HOME CO

920001-925000 67 DAC/ 2/HOME COUNTIES

925001-930000 280 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/1 LONDON BDE

925001-930000 290 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/1 LONDON BDE

930001-935000 281 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/2 LONDON BDE

930001-935000 291 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/2 LONDON BDE

935001-940000 282 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/3 LONDON BDE

935001-940000 292 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/3 LONDON BDE (BROKEN UP, SEP 16)

940001-945000 283 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/4 LONDON BDE

940001-945000 293 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/4 LONDON BDE

945001-950000 56 DAC/ 1 LONDON

945001-950000 58 DAC/ 2/1ST LONDON

950001-955000 235 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/5 LONDON BDE

950001-955000 300 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/5 LONDON (BROKEN UP AUG 16)

955001-960000 236 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/6 LONDON BDE

955001-960000 301 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/6 LONDON

960001-965000 237 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/7 LONDON BDE

960001-965000 302 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/7 LONDON

965001-970000 238 BDE, RFA TF/ 1/8 LONDON BDE

965001-970000 303 BDE, RFA TF/ 2/8 LONDON

970001-975000 47 DAC/ 2ND LONDON

970001-975000 60 DAC/ 2/2ND LONDO

ianjonesncl

Major Bevil Quiller-Couch DSO MC

blog-0196957001357231915.jpgI recently read The Tears of War by May W. Cannan. It tells the story of the war through her poems and letters with the man she loved.

Bevil Quiller-Couch, a special reservist in the Royal Field Artillery mobilised to France in 1914. He served with 2nd Divisional artillery units and took part in every major battle on the Western Front from Mons in 1914 to the Armistice. He was a well-respected and efficient officer winning the Military Cross and Distinguished Service Order.

May Cannan volunteered and went to France in 1915 where she assisted in running a canteen for soldiers at Rouen Station. During the war May wrote poems and corresponded with Bevil.

On conclusion of hostilities he asked May to marry him. After leave in Paris and at home in Cornwall, Major Bevil-Couch returned to his battery which was forming part of the army of occupation in Germany.

Whilst in Germany Bevil fell ill and died of influenza 2nd February 1919.

He served continuously in Flanders and France from August 1914 to the Armistice winning a MC and DSO, joins the army of occupation, then dies of influenza.

A review of the book records “Impossible not to be affected by it” with which I would agree.

He is burried in Cologne Southern Cemetery in Germany

:poppy:CWGC Information

QUILLER-COUCH, BEVIL BRIAN

Rank: Major

Date of Death: 06/02/1919

Age: 28

Regiment/Service: Royal Field Artillery

9th Bty. 41st Bde.

Awards: D S O, M C

Grave Reference IX. F. 3.

Cemetery COLOGNE SOUTHERN CEMETERY

Additional Information:

Son of Sir Arthur and Lady Quiller-Couch. of Fowey, Cornwall. Served continuously in Flanders and France from Aug.,1914.

MC Citation

Lieutenant Bevil Brian Quiller-Couch RFA SR. Exceptional ability and energy during the time he was with the Brigade Ammunition Column on the Aisne and in Flanders from 20th September to 16th December 1914. On many occasions he showed great courage and initiative in bringing up his wagons. Since December in the Bethune District he acted as Orderly Officer until appointed Adjutant 10th June 1915.

He has shown great zeal and ability.

During the recent active operations at Festurbert and Le Palntin in May his services were particularly valuable. It was a great deal owing to his energy and grasp of the situation that everything worked successfully and smoothly. This particularly applied to the tactical control of the French Group and arrangements in connection with the group generally.

DSO Citation

LG 3rd June 1919

Captain (A/Major) Bevil Quiller-Couch MC. RFA, SR has invariably shown marked initiative, energy and resource: untiring and cool, never sparing himself. Can always be relied on to ‘get things done’ under adverse conditions. Served at the front continuously since 1914.

Letter from Brigadier General Saunders RA to his parents Sir Arthur and Lady Quiller-Couch

He was quite one of the best officers in the Division. Very gallant, always cheery and full of energy, he was most popular with everyone with whom he had dealings. He had also quite exceptional abilities which would have carried him far in the Army, and I expect in any other profession. He was really a god all round soldier and man and his death is a very bitter grief loss to everyone of us. You will be glad to know that it was a great joy to him to hear that his name had gone in for a very well earned DSO.

Tears%205.jpg

The history of 2nd Division

From the Long Long Trail

http://www.1914-1918.net/2div.htm

One of the first British formations to move to France, the 2nd Division remained on the Western Front throughout the war. It took part in most of the major actions, including:

1914

The Battle of Mons and the subsequent retreat, including the the Affair of Landrecies, the Rearguard affair of Le Grand Fayt and the Rearguard actions of Villers-Cotterets

The Battle of the Marne

The Battle of the Aisne including participation in the Actions on the Aisne heights

First Battle of Ypres

1915

Winter Operations 1914-15

The Battle of Festubert

The Battle of Loos

1916

The Battle of Delville Wood*

The Battle of the Ancre*

The battles marked * are phases of the Battles of the Somme 1916

Operations on the Ancre

1917

The German retreat to the Hindenburg Line

The First Battle of the Scarpe**

The Battle of Arleux**

The Second Battle of the Scarpe**

The battles marked ** are phases of the Battles of Arras 1917

The Battle of Cambrai

1918

The Battle of St Quentin***

The Battle of Bapaume***

The First Battle of Arras 1918***

The battles marked *** are phases of the First Battles of the Somme 1918

The Battle of Albert****

The Second Battle of Bapaume****

The battles marked **** are phases of the Second Battles of the Somme 1918

The Battle of Havrincourt+

The Battle of the Canal du Nord+

The Battle of Cambrai 1918+

The battles marked + are phases of the Battles of the Hindenburg Line

The Battle of the Selle

The Division was selected to advance into Germany and form part of the Occupation Force.

ianjonesncl

Royal Artillery War Establishments

From: Great resource for OOBs

Great Find by Tom W. from the US Army Combined Arms Center web site, over 500 Orders of battle (Orbat), ranging from war establishments, formations and specific battles or phases, and covers both the allies and the axis.

http://www.cgsc.edu/...ziger/index.asp

Extracted the war establishments relating to the Royal Artillery (RHA, RFA, RGA) and also included RMA,. I have also added a side block so it is easy to find the post in the future.

1st January 1914

914BQAE.PDF Headquarters British Cavalry Divisional Artillery

914BQAI.PDF British Horse Artillery Brigade (2 Batteries, 6 13pdr QF

914BQAJ.PDF British Horse Artillery Battery not Allocated to a Cavalry Brigade in a Cavalry Division (6 13pdr QF

1915

915BQAE.PDF British Divisional Artillery Headquarters

915BQAF.PDF British Field Artillery (4 Batteries, each with 4 18pdr QFguns)

915BQAG.PDF British Field Artillery (Howitzer) - (4 Batteries, each with 4 4.5 inch huwitzer

915BQAH.PDF British Heavy Artillery Battery & Ammunition Column (4 60pdr B.L. Guns)

915BQAN.PDF Headquarters Divisional Artillery British Territorial Division

915BQAO.PDF Field Artillery Brigade (3 Batteries, each with 4 15pdr BLC Guns) British Territorial Division

915BQAP.PDF Field Artillery (Howitzer) Brigade (Two Batteries, each with 4 5-inch B.L.Howitzers) British Territorial Division

915BQAR.PDF Heavy Artillery Battery & Ammunition Column (4 4.7 inch QF Guns) British Territorial Division

915BQAW.PDF Horse Artillery Battery & Mounted Brigade Ammunition Column British 2nd Line Territorial Division

915BQAX.PDF Field Artillery Brigade British 2nd Line Territorial Division

915BQAY.PDF Field Artillery (Howitzer) Brigade (2 batteries, each of 4 5-inch BL Howtizers) British 2nd Line Territorial Division

18-Sep-1916

916BQAG.PDF Horse Artillery Brigade (3 Batteries, each with 6-13pdr QF guns)

916BQAH.PDF British Horse Battery not Allocated to a Cavalry Division (6 13pdr guns)

916BQAJ.PDF British Medium Mortar Battery (4 Mortars)

916BQAK.PDF British Heavy Mortar Battery (4 Mortars)

31-Oct-1918

918BQAC.PDF British Horse Artillery Brigade (3 batteries, each of six 13-pdr QF Guns)

918BQAD.PDF British Royal Marine Artillery Anti-Aircraft Section (2 13pdr QF guns)

918BQAE.PDF British Medium Trench Mortar Battery (3 Sections, each of 2 Trench Mortars)

918BQAF.PDF British Heavy Trench Mortar Battery (3 Sections, each of 2 Trench Mortars)

ianjonesncl

Remembered Today: Bombardier Henry John JENNINGS, 306th Brigade RFA who died on 16th December 1916, Varennes Military Cemetery

:poppy: CWGC Information

JENNINGS, HENRY JOHN

Rank: Bombardier

Service No: 2579

Date of Death: 16/12/1916

Age: 28

Regiment/Service: Royal Field Artillery

"B" Bty. 306th Bde.

Grave Reference I. G. 77.

Cemetery VARENNES MILITARY CEMETERY

Additional Information:

Husband of Nellie Gertrude Jennings, of 3, Stone View, Adam St., Kidderminster.

Born in 1888, in Kiderminster, Worcestshire, the 1901 censu records him living with father Henry John, mother Eliza, with 2 sisters and 5 brothers.

SDGW shows him enlisting in Kidderminster, and that would suggest he joined his local territorial battery, the 306th Brgigade RFA, a second line brigade formed from the (I South Midland) Brigade, RFA. The Brigade formed part of the 61st Divisional Artillery.

The 61st Division went to France in May 1916, Henry' John's MIC shows his entitlement as being the British War Medal and the Victory Medal. He is also recorded with a new service number 830666

The division was involved on the controversial attack on Fromelles, 19th July 1916.

LLT 61st (2nd South Midland) Division

SDGW records Bombadier Jennings dying from wounds 16th December 1916 and being burried in VARENNES MILITARY CEMETERY

He is commemorated on the Kidderminster, St Mary's War Memorial INFO

http://www.kwmct.org..._memorials.html

the Kidderminster St John the Baptist Church War Memorial INFO

A dedication to the Worcestshire Royal Artillery units, 241 and 306 Brigade RFA (as well as two WW2) units can be found in Worcester Cathederal.

http://www.roll-of-h...lArtillery.html

ianjonesncl

18 Pounder Field Gun video

Interesting video of 18 Pounder Field Gun in the Australian War Memorial in Canberra courtesey of a chap called Stuart Curry.

The ammunition limber is shown in some detail. Nice thought to use blankets as a cushion for sitting on. A walk around the gun shows some of the detail. The gun is an example of a recuperator with the box at the end. This was added due to problems with the spring system.

Wikipedia : Ordnance QF 18 pounder

Landships: The British 18 pounder QF gun

Handbook of the 18-PR. Q.F. GUN - Land Service


ianjonesncl

Posted this one a while ago regarding the Air Observation of Artillery http://1914-1918.inv...&showentry=1270

An interesting addition to the information regarding Air Observation shoots from MikeMeech in response to a query from Marc of an shoot conducted with 154 Siege

Battery.

Source: 154 SB wireless contact for observation shooting with N° 6 Squadron

Air Observation shooting by night is an interesting dimension. I used to find it hard enough by day.

Hi Marc

The document that details all this information is the S.S. 131 'Co-operation of Aircraft with Artillery', the actual edition that matches your text will be the the December 1916 that was reprited with ammedments in August 1917(some relevant pages attached).

The cloth strips used on the ground would be 12 feet by 1 foot (the French used similar. Signal lamps could also be used for sending messages to the aircraft in Morse (also from the aircraft as well with an aircraft lamp).

Wireless was generally one way, from the aircraft using Morse. However, at the beginning of 1918 'Corps' squadrons started to be equipped with 2 Bristol Fighters each (to supplement their RE.8s or FK.8s. These were to be used with long-range heavy guns and had both transmitting and receiving sets so they could stay near the target for spotting and still receive messages from the battery concerned.

The procedures for 'night shooting' with air co-operation on a moonless night was first carried out by Capt. R A Archer in BE.2E '7059'. Although it appears he only dropped Parachute Flares and some small bombs in support of a raid by 14th Australian Brigade (night of 30th Sept./1st Oct. 1916) to keep down hostile artillery fire. He believed that if he had known the country better: "I could probably have pinpointed the batteries by the light of the flares if they continued to fire after I had dropped them." (TNA, AIR1/918/204/5/878). other experiments were done later in the war I believe, although I am not sure how 'common' it would have been.

I hope that helps.

Mike

post-57218-0-93909600-1354618964_thumb.j

post-57218-0-92020000-1354618983_thumb.j

post-57218-0-07032700-1354619010_thumb.j

Source: 154 SB wireless contact for observation shooting with N° 6 Squadron

ianjonesncl

Remembered Today:Captain John Walton WHITEHEAD, 246 Brigade Royal Field Artillery, who died on 1st December 1917, Tyne Cott Memorial

:poppy:CWGC Information

WHITEHEAD, JOHN WALTON

Rank: Captain

Date of Death: 01/12/1917

Age: 28

Regiment/Service: Royal Field Artillery

''B'' Bty. 246th (West Riding) Bde

Panel Reference Panel 4 to 6 and 162. Memorial

TYNE COT MEMORIAL

Additional Information:

Son of John Henry and Sarah Whitehead, of Low Royd, Apperley Bridge, Bradford, Yorks.

John Walton Whithead was born 30th March 1889 in the West Riding of Yorkshire, the first child to John Henry and Sarah Whitehead (nee Mackintyre). He was baptised at Headingly Hill Chapel, Leeds. At that point his parents were living in 4 Morland Road, Leeds. His fathers occupation is listed as machine maker.

By 1891 John Walton had a sister, and machine making must have been lucrative as the family employed a cook/domestic and a nurse/domestic. They were now living at 126 Low Royd, Bradford. By 1911, the family had grown with 2 brothers, 3 sisters and still employing two servants.

The Army List of 1916 records joining him the territorial 2nd West Riding Brigade, 5th West Riding Battery 1st January 1915. The brigade would renumber to 246th Brigade RFA, the battery becoming B Battery. The 246th Brigade RFA were part of the Territorial 49th (West Riding) Division who had deployed to France in April 1915. John Walton Whithead's MIC records him entering theatre 1st January 1916. Consequently he qualified for the Victory medal and British War Medal.

The Long Long Trail 49th Wast Riding Div details the following actions for the division from John Walton from entering theatre till his death:

The Battle of Albert*

The Battle of Bazentin Ridge*

The Battle of Pozieres Ridge*

The Battle of Flers-Courcelette*

* the battles marked * are phases of the Battles of the Somme 1916

1917

Operations on the Flanders Coast (Hush)

The Battle of Poelcapelle**

** the battle marked ** is a phase of the Third Battles of the Ypres

Captain John Walton Whithead was killed in action 1st December 1917 and has no known grave. He is commemorated on the memorial wall at TYNE COT.

He left his estate of £2,325 (worth £160,000 today) to his father.

John Walton would not be the only son the Whiteheads would loose. Jasper Mackintyre Whitehead died 19th December 1918 (CWGC Information) whilst serving with the 3rd Battalion London Regiment Royal Fusiliers. He is burried EPEHY WOOD FARM CEMETERY, EPEHY

Both brothers are remembered on the grave of their father and mother in At Peter's Churchyard, in Rawdon, Yorkshire.

http://www.graveston...ead&grave=77924

ianjonesncl

Remembered Today: Bombardier Stanley Graham RICHARDSON, Royal Garrison Artillery who died on October 1916, Bienvillers Military Cemetery

A local lad from Newcastle and a Northumbrian Gunner having enlisted into the Tynemouth RGA (TF)

:poppy:CWGC Information

RICHARDSON, STANLEY GRAHAM

Rank: Bombardier

Service No: 948

Date of Death: 20/10/1916

Age: 33

Regiment/Service: Royal Garrison Artillery

100th Siege Bty.

Grave Reference V. C. 9.

Cemetery BIENVILLERS MILITARY CEMETERY

Additional Information:

Son of William Ernest and Elizabeth Richardson, of 23, Richardson St., Heaton, Newcastle-on-Tyne.

Stanley Graham Richardson was born in Bensham, Gateshead, County Durham in December 1882. The 1911 cenus records him living at 23 Richardson Street, Heaton, Newcastle upon Tyne with his parents (maried for 29 years) and three sisters. A single man working as a general clerk.

He enlisted in North Shields, the HQ of the Tynemouth RGA (TF). He served with 100th Siege Battery RGA, one of the batteries formed in Tynemouth. The battery was formed in January 1916, deploying to France 18th May 1916, equipped with 6 inch howitzers.

SWDGW details he died of wounds 20th October 1916, and is buried in Bienvillers Military Cemetery 18 km south west of Arras.

He is commemorated on the Heaton Harriers Memorial Shield (NEWMP). Each Remembrance Sunday, the harriers compete for the shield on a race which used to go through the streets of Heaton, but today it looks like it takes place on the Town Moor (H & S !!). he is also commemorated at the Heaton Baptist Church (NEWMP).

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