The Hong Kong and Singapore Royal Garrison Artillery (HKS-RGA) was a mountain battery that fought in the Middle East Campaign from 1915 to 1918, operating in Libya, Egypt, Sinai, Palestine and Jordan. It was equipped with mountain guns, initially using mules as transport, before switching to use camels in December 1916.
The HKS-RGA manned coastal batteries in Hong Kong, Singapore and Mauritius. A mountain battery was formed in Hong Kong in 1912 using Indian Army personnel. In N
A very interesting sight recording 45th Siege Battery during the Great War.
The site is dedicated to Gunner A H Deadman who served with the Battery.
45th Siege Battery R.G.A.
The Battery was equipped with two 9.2 inch mark VI rail guns which were constructed from surplus naval guns mounted on railway platforms by the Elswick Ordnance Company, Newcastle upon Tyne.
The 45th Siege Battery was formed 17th July 1915 at Sheerness from half of 18
Whilst researching Richards Battery RGA it transpired they were equipped with French Guns. Thanks to the help of GWF Pals I found out two Siege Batteries, the 105th and 106th were also initially equipped with French guns. It became apparent all three batteries experience of manning French Guns was intertwined.
The 105th and 106thSiege Batteries deployed to the Western Front with personnel only. They arrived in theatre on 17th May 1916 and proceeded to Le Parcq, 30 miles east of
Among the Heavy Batteries of the Royal Garrison Artillery listed on the Long Long Trail is Richards Battery. An unusual designation outside the normal numbering system. Once again GWF Pals had the the answer; Richards Battery, RGA, XVII Corps June/July 1916.
The Richards Battery was formed on 16th June 1916 with details from 105 Siege Battery and the 51st (Highland) Division Heavy Trench Mortars. On the 21st June Captain Richards and three subalterns took over 3 x 220mm French Guns.
British troops firing an 18 pounder field piece. A battery of 18 pounders lined up and firing near a tree line. Each gun rolls back from recoil after firing. British 18 pounder artillery firing from variety of places, including covered entrenched positions; open field positions; and camouflaged positions.
A British 127mm (60 pounder) heavy field artillery piece being fired.
British BL 6 inch 26cwt howitzers being fired.
Field artillery firing in salvos
Finally this year, 39 years a Gunner, I visited the Royal Artillery Memorial on Hyde Park Corner.
Commemorating those who lost their lives in the First and Second World Wars, the memorial was unveiled in October 1925 by H. R. H the Duke of Connaught. It was dedicated to the 49,076 Gunners who lost their lives during the First World War.
The memorial was designed by Charles Sargeant Jagger MC. It features bronze figures and sculptured reliefs depicting the Gunners activ
As the end of the 19th century approached, the Royal Artillery was untested in general war. The focus of Army was colonial in nature, mainly waged against an enemy with practically no artillery. As a consequence the Royal Artillery was slow to realise changes in warfare over that century. The expanding empire saw the Royal Artillery engaged in many colonial actions. Frequent small wars in Africa, Far East, India and other colonies occurred throughout the Victorian Era. The Army was engaged in a
A number of years ago (January 2010 to be precise) I posted a request regarding a row of graves in Choques Military Cemetery where 12 men from D Battery 251 Brigade were buried.
The origins of the Battery lie with the 5th Durham Battery, 4th Northumbrian (County of Durham) Howitzer Brigade. Prior to the War the Brigade was headquartered in South Shields, on the south side of the mouth of the River Tyne. The Hebburn Battery lay 5 miles upstream on the south bank of the Tyn
I have spent many an hour observing artillery fire - on foot, lying in the open, in a concrete bunker, in a trench and in the air. I have never had to experience a precarious OP position such as the Artillery Observation Limber Pole Ladder. I suppose in the flat dessert of Mesopotamia with the absence of a good OP bring your own..... though being a sitting duck does have it's disadvantages. And how does one get a cup of tea sitting at the top of the pole ! The Imperial war Museum records " These
I was asked about some information about a Rail Howitzer captured during the German Spring Offensive in April 1918.
Source: Deutsches Hisorisches Museum
The gun was captured near Erquingehm-Lys where the British had built a rail spur to fire railway artillery.
In April 1918, the Germans launched Operation Georgette quickly pushing the British back, capturing the 12 inch Railway Howitzer, named the First Consol at Erquninhem-Lys near Arment
The Royal Artillery Association published a poem recording the action of L Battery Royal Artillery at Nery on September 1st 1914 when 3 Victoria Crosses were won.
It was written in 1915 by Gunner BS Chandler whilst recovering in an Army Hospital in Cheltenham. It was written in a scrap book collated by recovering soldiers.
The 3 Victoria Crosses were won by Captain Edward Bradbury, Battery Sergeant-Major George Dorrell and Serg
The Royal Naval dominance of the North Sea reduced the German threat on the coast and the requirement for coastal artillery. This coincided with increased demand for heavy artillery for the Western Front, and skilled RGA gunners to man those guns. Consequently RGA gunners from the coastal batteries were formed into siege batteries for deployment overseas.
The coastal units would also provide the basis for training and the raising of future RGA Batteries.
The following Siege Batteries were for
Remembered Today:Gunner John INSCOE, 62nd Trench Mortar Battery, Royal Field Artillery, who died on 15th September 1917, Arras Memorial
Service No: 31730
Date of Death: 15/09/1917
Regiment/Service: Royal Field Artillery "Y" 62nd T.M. Bty.
Panel Reference Bay 1.
Memorial ARRAS MEMORIAL
Born in 1895, John Inscoe enlisted in Wolverhampton Sfaffordshire. His 1911 Cenus entry records his occupati
On the 26th May 2016 the Tri Centenary of the Royal Artillery was commemorated by a Queen's Review at Larkhill.
RA300 - Royal Artillery Tercentenary - Royal Review
To commemorate the Bi-Centenary on 26th May 1916 a parade was held at Woolwich adjacent to St George's Garrison Church.
What of the Royal Regiment of May 1916……
The strength was over 408,000 officers and OR's, representing nearly 14% of the Army. Of the strength, 321,000
I wrote a post a while ago on Railway Artillery
Just came accross the clip below which shows the loading, laying and firing of a 12 inch railway gun.
Corporal Herbert LEE DCM, 246th Brigade Royal Field Artillery who died on 3rd September 1916, Etaples Military Cemetery
Service No: 1039
Date of Death: 03/09/1916
Regiment/Service: Royal Field Artillery "A" Bty. 246th Bde.
Awards: D C M
The adoption of indirect fire as the main methodology necessitated the need for accurate mapping and survey in order to establish the exact location of our own guns, and to provide a mechanism to know the enemy target. At the battle of Mons, british artillery was ofter located near the infantry positions, shrapnel direct fire augmenting their rifle and machine gun fire. By November 1917, Cambrai became the first bnattle which relied on wholly predicted fire.
In addition to the survey role, the
Remembered Today: Gunner 48865 John BOYD, D Battery 312 Bgde Royal Field Artillery, HAC Cemetery Ecoust-St Main
Service No: 48865
Date of Death: 26/05/1917
Regiment/Service: Royal Field Artillery
"D" Bty. 312th Bde.
Grave Reference III. B. 26.
Cemetery H.A.C. CEMETERY, ECOUST-ST. MEIN
Son of Patrick and Ellen Boyd, of Knockmo
Came accross an account from the War services of the 62nd West Riding Divisional Artillery whilst researching one of those remembered on Remembered Today.
In one incident D/312 battery lost two officers, all thier number ones and experienced soldiers. A tragic loss of life that removed many of the key elements for the running of an efficient battery.
Thanks to ororkep aka Paul the war diary entry has been recorded on another post:
26/5/17, at St. Mein. Time 1.30pm.
An interesting extract from a letter sent by 2nd Lieut. Humphrey Arden (RGA) to his old school which was published in the school magazine.
Humphrey Arden attended the Dragon school, then Radley and went on to Queens College Cambridge. He was about prepare for holy orders when war broke out. He was commissioned into the Royal Garrison Artillery in 1915. He died of wounds near Messines 6th June 1917 whilst serving with 156th Heavy Battery RGA. He is buried Bailleu Communal Cemetery
Picked this up from a post by David Porter on the renumbering of the Territorrial Force in 1917. David says " I've looked at this aspect for several years and I'm still getting to grips with it" , so even complex for an expert !!
Source: Birmingham and the Royal Field Artillery? .
Some key points:
All Territorial Force RH & RFA were renumbered as per ACI 2198 (Appendix 183) of November 1916 implemented on January 1, 1917.
The renumbering didn't happen during the reorganisation of May
An interesting question raised by mags "was it safer being an artillery man than a simple soldier ".
From Tom's analysis of Statistics of the Military Effort of the British Empire during the Great War 1914 – 1920 it would appear that surviving unscathed was more likely as a gunner than an infantry man. If one considers that the main threat to the artillery man was counter battery fire, the infantry were subject to the same risk as bombardment of trenches and lines of communication were also pre